Sociological perspectives in Health and social care ( BTEC LEVEL 3 ) HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE. Assignmenent Title :: Sociology T - Essay Example

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Psychology assignment Name Institution Task 1. Child development entails the emotional, physiological, and biological changes that characterize humans from the time of birth up to adolescence. For a society, it is vital for a child’s optimal development to be realized…
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Sociological perspectives in Health and social care ( BTEC LEVEL 3 ) HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE. Assignmenent Title :: Sociology T
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Download file to see previous pages This task explores the child developmental stages. Cognitive development This is the continuous and progressive growth of the memory, perception, imagination, reason, conception, and judgement. It can also be referred to as the intellectual counterpart of a child’s environmental adaptation. It involves the activities of the mental, information comprehending and the ability of organizing, remembering, acquiring, and knowledge utility. The acquired knowledge is used in solving problems and novel situations generalization. There are four stages of development under cognitive development (Ginsberg, 2008). The first stage is the sensory, motor stage. This is a period from birth to two years. As this period begins, children may be reflexive and reactive to environmental stimuli. In this stage, Inputs of sensory would result to motor action. The child gets to learn the bottle nourishment by repeated exposure. As this period comes to an end, many reflexes are inhibited by the baby and the actions of a child are purposeful. Preoperational stage is the second stage which occurs from two years to seven years (Ginsberg, 2008). This stage involves cognition and language development. A child establishes vocabularies and skills of language giving room for the complex play development. A child gathers the utility of reflected and social language in storytelling. In the progress of the stage, a child starts understanding the views of others, share opinions, and come with a sense. He can think concerning events that are absent. The third stage is the concrete stage which is normally from seven to eleven years. This stage involves the development of abstract thought and potential of making judgements that are rational. There is also a significant increase in accommodation. Information is mentally manipulated by the child and solving of problems is in a sophisticated manner (Ginsberg, 2008). The last stage of the intellectual development is the formal stage which occurs from eleven years to fifteen years. In this stage, there is a full development of cognition. The child is an adolescent and considers different view in solving problems. Thinking is extremely abstract, and logic is incorporated into thinking. Physical development. In this case, the fine and the gross motor skills are considered in the development. Gross motor skills involve those movements of muscles that are large such as leg muscles. Fine motor, on the other hand, involves small muscles such as those of fingers (Ginsberg, 2008). Increased development of the motor is normally observed in the first eighteen months of a child’s life. In a period from eight months to eighteen months, a child develops the skill of walking. Earlier in development a child is expected to develop gross motor skill like crawling, walking if assisted, and standing alone. Social-emotional development. This stage is normally evaluated by teachers and psychologists in children. For effective communication, a child needs to have an interest in communicating with other children. In infancy, a child’s connectedness is the area of concern. This aspect is normally displayed by use of nonverbal modes like facial expression and eye contact. An infant gives a reaction that evokes a response in the environment (Ginsberg, 2008). A child would give a response towards this reaction thus learning. For instance, a baby would smile in the first month. After some time, the baby understands that a smile gives out a positive ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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