The 20th century witnessed an explosion in drug and alcohol use. While alcohol use had long been an aspect of culture, increased scientific methods allowed for the development of a variety of dangerous chemical substances…
Download file to see previous pages...
While the term can refer to the use or dependency of drugs in a medical context, for the most part it has the connotation of referring to the use of alcohol, or drugs in terms of illicit or street use. This essay examines alcohol and drug use in the United States. Analysis While marijuana is the most use illicit drug in the United States, other common drugs that are abused are amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cocaine, methaqualone, and opioids (‘Substance Abuse’ 2010, Web). Drug use in the United States has become a major challenge, as the country leads the world in substance abuse ("U.s. leads the," 2008). Today an estimated 19.1 million Americans over the age of 12 years are current users of illegal drugs. When one considers that the number of Americans with past substance abuse problems increases to 22.5 million, there is the recognition that drug use poses a major challenge to functionality. While legal measures have counteracted the problem through prohibitive measures, a major drug challenge the United States faces are design drugs. Designer drugs are drugs that are constructed in an effort to circumvent drug laws by altering the chemical structure of the drug, or by specifically developing new drugs to produce euphoric or mind altering effects in the user (Lyman & Potter 2007). With the advent of the Internet the sale of designer drugs has largely been shifted to the Internet. In great part the challenge for law enforcement is to keep pace with the newfound development of these chemically designed drugs. While law enforcement has been able to receive temporary bans on specific chemicals (this occurred during the 1980s explosion of ecstasy) it is oftentimes not enough and they must wait for the drugs to become a significantly widespread problem for public law-makers and the bureaucratic process to succeed in passing the necessary laws to prohibit their use and construction (Conners 2009). In addition to drug use, alcohol use has posed a major challenge within the United States. A staggering amount of Americans are alcohol drinkers. It’s noted that 50.9% of Americans over the age of 18 are current regular drinkers; 13.6% of Americans over the age of eighteen are infrequent drinkers ("Alcohol use," 2011). The danger of these numbers comes into focus when one recognizes that there are 15,183 alcohol related liver disease deaths per year, and 24,513 alcohol related accidents and homicides ("Alcohol use," 2011). While regular, but controlled drinking poses dangers, binge drinking is recognized as holding the greatest danger. Binge drinking is the consumption of alcoholic beverages in a very short period of time in an efficient means with the main purpose of becoming intoxicate (Lyman & Potter 2007). Binge drinking has often been associated with inexperienced underage drinkers or college drinkers in party atmospheres, but involves many demographics within the United States. For instance, there have been noted recent outbreaks and concerns of binge drinking over Smirnoff Ice called Icing; individuals present another individual with a bottle of Smirnoff Ice and according to the game they are required to chug the entire bottle. From a cultural perspective drug and alcohol use has been dealt with in a variety of ways. In terms of alcohol use, the United States has established stringent legal regulations that prohibit driving with intoxicated. While these regulations are state specific, they have
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
This occurs despite the negative health consequences, besides adverse outcomes in the social, economic and functional spheres.Although confronted with all the disadvantages caused by drug use, addicted individuals persist in taking addictive drugs. They take drugs to escape from reality or to avoid unpleasant states such as withdrawal or stress. “According to early models of drug motivation, negative reinforcement is a key motive for drug use” (Baker et al, 2004, p.33).
Back during the era of prohibition, the use of alcohol was not only illegal, but also considered immoral. Today, the use of alcohol is common, with many bars and establishments throughout the world serving. Especially among the younger population, alcohol is seen to enter the lives of children at younger ages each generation.
This is very relevant because there is a growing number of drug and alcohol addiction among college students that discussing the issue from the various ethical point of view might help for the issue to be seen in a proper perspective. The ethical perspective that will be compared and contrasted to will be the disease model and the autonomy model.
Risk factors and effective means of combating the menace will also be analyzed. Juvenile Drug Use Introduction The issue of drugs and the juvenile has been a heated debate for the past decades. Much concern has been on the relationship between juvenile and drugs.
Substance abuse among the youth is one of the most critical health issues encountered during recent times. The issue is highly critical as well as challenging due to the fact that drug abuse and delinquency are highly inter-related. Research suggests the most common factors that emphasis the relationship between drug abuse and delinquency
Later on it gradually transformed laws by criminalizing the usages and trading of different drugs. In this paper, the writer focuses on conducting a survey based on the hypothesis “drug decriminalization,” which could benefit US. Few significant paradigm shifts in this development could be supported by the proposed hypothesis.
The use of drugs among people is not a new phenomenon. It has been part of human life since time immemorial. In fact, the Eskimos are the only people lacking tradition because they have been unfortunate
According to the report the use of recreational drugs is likely to result in the increase in crime rate as drug users get addicted very easily. Addiction is one of the most common consequences and the highest risk of taking recreational drugs. People may intend to take it for enjoyment, to relieve stress, to overcome depression, or for pleasure.
In 1917, an amendment to the US constitution banned the transportation, sale, and manufacture of alcoholic beverages. It is referred to as “The 18th Amendment”. It was, however, to be repealed by the 21st Amendment in 1933. Ever since alcoholic beverages have enjoyed freedom in the US with the only restrictions being inflicted on underage consumers.