Nobody downloaded yet

Evaluate the Claim that Mental Illnesses Are Socially Constructed - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This essay talks about mental illnesses which refer to medical conditions that disrupt an individual’s thinking, behave, feelings, mood, daily functioning, and interact with others. Mental illnesses affect the ability of individuals to cope with the usual demands of life. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.1% of users find it useful
Evaluate the Claim that Mental Illnesses Are Socially Constructed
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Evaluate the Claim that Mental Illnesses Are Socially Constructed"

Download file to see previous pages This essay declares that mental illnesses can result to onset of social problems where the subjects become violent and irrational. The arena of mental illnesses is rich with myths, misunderstandings, and negative stereotypes. This yields stigma, discrimination, and isolation of people, who are mentally ill.
This paper discusses that there are three distinct explanations of mental illnesses. The first includes the medical model whereby mental illnesses are perceived as a disease with physiological causes. The second is deviance approach whereby mental illnesses emanate from the manner in which people with mental illnesses are treated. The third is the social approach that holds that mental illness is not necessarily a disease, but a way of labelling people as being in need of “treatment” and isolation. The precise causes of mental illnesses are unknown, although, deep research in the area has brought scientists closer to the answers. Just like physical illnesses, mental illnesses are biological in nature. Similarly, elements such as poverty and stress have a strong impact on development of mental illnesses. Mental illness and physical illnesses have interconnection as physical illnesses have a powerful, emotional component. Mental illnesses are framed differently in different cultures; some view it as a form of possession while others view it as an illness. The distinction between mental and physical illnesses cannot be demarcated purely in terms of the causes of the condition. Whereas there are no clear-cut causes of mental illnesses, it is obvious that a lot of non-psychological factors play a crucial role. For instance, there is a strong correlation between a person’s genetic make-up, and chances of development of mood or psychotic disorders. Conversely, psychological factors such as stress have a strong relation to enhanced predisposition to physical illnesses (O’Connor 2002, p.4). There are two key sociological approaches to the study of mental illnesses; the positivist approach and interactionist approach. Positivist Approach The positivist or functionalist approach to mental illnesses matches with the medical definitions of mental illnesses objectively or as a disease. The approach explores the distribution of mental illnesses among diverse groups within the society and seeks to ascertain its causes. This approach examines the mental illnesses in terms of the social organization and the position of individuals within the social structure (Aneshensel & Phelan 1999, p.4). Social judgments on deviance arise from societal gender stereotypes. In society, women are stereotyped as being weak and passive; thus, when deviant or aggressive, it is most likely to be interpreted as irrational and in need of psychiatry treatment. Men’s deviance, on the other hand, is most probably to be seen as intentional and dangerous, and hence, their behaviours are inclined to be labelled as criminal rather than mentally ill (Walker 2006, p.71). Interactionists perceive stereotyping as the cause of the increased rates of mental illnesses among stereotyped groups such as women, young people, or racially discriminated groups. The stereotyped groups are likely to be labelled as dangerous by the police and the courts, and will most probably be referred to psychiatric assessments. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Evaluate the Claim that Mental Illnesses Are Socially Constructed Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1452647-evaluate-the-claim-that-mental-illnesses-are
(Evaluate the Claim That Mental Illnesses Are Socially Constructed Essay)
https://studentshare.org/sociology/1452647-evaluate-the-claim-that-mental-illnesses-are.
“Evaluate the Claim That Mental Illnesses Are Socially Constructed Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1452647-evaluate-the-claim-that-mental-illnesses-are.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Evaluate the Claim that Mental Illnesses Are Socially Constructed

Is Old Age Natural or is it Socially Constructed

...? Is Old Age Natural or is it Socially Constructed? Is Old Age Natural or is it Socially Constructed? Introduction As d by Job (1981: p.13), old age points at people who are sixty five years and over. It is considered the final stage in the life of a person associated with a decrease in both physical and mental features, as well as a decline in the social commitments such participation in sports among others. There are certain physical characteristics, which mark an individual as old e.g. balding, loss of teeth, lameness, gray hair, deafness, and hunched back. There has been a change in how the society thinks about old age, and as several...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

The correlation between creativity and mental illnesses

...? MENTAL ILLNESS AND CREATIVITY The stereotype of the artist is very familiar. They are tortured, addicted to drugs and alcohol, and likely to make wild pronouncements and behave inappropriately. The most famous image of an artist is perhaps Van Gogh's self-portrait where he wears a bandage over his ear, an ear he himself cut off. The truth is that creative artists often suffer from different types of mental illness. These illnesses can be terrible for the artists' personal lives but they can focus their powers on their creative enterprises in ways that create lasting art. The link between creativity and mental illness...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Health Promotion

6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Mental Illnesses

...?Mental Illness submitted) Mental Illness Can you just imagine if someone close to you has beenirritable, withdrawn, and assumes a very unusual posture? Such symptoms are associated with schizophrenia, a form of mental illness. Experts believe that such disorder is the result of the interplay of biological and environmental forces. Describing the physiological process, its symptoms, and diagnostic criterion may help in a better understanding of schizophrenia to come up with a possible effective treatment. Physiological Process The physiological process of schizophrenia is not clearly defined. However, experts link chemical abnormality to...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Is Race Socially Constructed

...? Racialism as a Social Construct al Affiliation) Racialism as a Social Construct Race is as a result of social construction rather than biological and genetic construction. Evidence points to the fact that races are a sort of justification for some groups to dominate over others. Genetics suggests that human beings are 99.9% identical (Fullwiley, 2008). The remaining small percentage accounts for the general phenotype observed physically that is used to group people into races. Some of these variations include, skin pigment, eye color, hair color, height among many other small variations observed (Coates, 2013). This is the reason as to why divisions along racial lines are attributed to physical appearances of people. This gives... the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Socially constructed deviance

...and Ben-Yehuda (2009 p. 115) deviance is meaningless without reference to a specific relevant audience. As such, whenever it is said that one is deviant, the next question to ask ourselves is; deviant to whom? This view is supported by Curra (2011) who argues that there are no inherent qualities to separate deviance from non-deviance. No word like deviant exists unless there is an audience to evaluate ones behavior and label it as deviant. This audience in most cases is the society in which a person resides in. Deviant behavior according to the labeling theory therefore, refers to any behavior that is contrary to dominant norms of society (Curra, 2011). In other words, deviance is socially...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Mental health and mental illnesses

...revelation was that "over $1.5 trillion is spent each year on chronic illness (Groessl & Cronan 2000, p.455-480). Because of the repercusion of the hereinabove data, health authorities have focused on health promotion programmes designed to maintain health and health care among the populace and to deter disease and illness. These are founded on the preamble of the World Health Oganization which declared that "the right to health is one of the fundamental rights to which every human being, without distinction of race, sex, language or religion is entitled (Turner 2001,p.23). To maintain health promotion, it is basic to realise that health involves a balance between the mental, the...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Boston Tea Party

6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Examples Of Mental Illnesses In Popular Media

...with love and care. Precious struggles with low self-esteem and she avoids social interactions and these are initial symptoms of SAD (APA, 2013). Precious hardly interacts with people and this is because she perceives that she will be negatively evaluated. DSM5 states that onset of SAD may lead to stressful or humiliating experience (for example, being bullied and vomiting during a public speech). She is continuously being bullied and she may even experience the same outcomes in other social settings. People with SAD also experience impairment of various cognitive abilities and this is why she has continuously remained in the sixth grade while others of her age have progressed. Precious...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Caring after a Hard Patient to Give Her Necessary Support

13 Pages(3250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Evaluate the Claim that Mental Illnesses Are Socially Constructed for FREE!

Contact Us