The Development of Criminological Theories to Explain Crime - Essay Example

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The Development of Criminological Theories to Explain Crime Name Institution Criminology defines the scientific study of crime, criminal tendencies and criminals, and behavior. The goal of this study is to establish theories that explain reasons why crime occurs while testing these same theories by observing behavior (Chris 2009, p…
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Download file to see previous pages Through these theories, one can detect, decipher and prevent criminal activity. Criminologists also know effective crime response strategies based on these models. The theories associated with crime study are distinct and applicable in various scenarios. They describe various courses of occurrences and tell different tales. Some can be used together in combination if the sought after goals become achievable through various avenues. Criminology gets defined as a practice, and it gets perpetrated. Though Criminology gets based on a platform that is theoretical, these theories explain actual events and activities, and indicate the action location or where it is going to be (Ronald 2004, p.14). Three integral parts form the Criminal Justice System. These are the legislature, the adjudication (Courts of Law), and the correctional facilities (jail, juvenile detention centers, prisons, probation and parole). These Criminal Justice System arms work in unison to uphold the rule of law in the community. Those who break the law get absorbed by the system in order to protect the public. Criminal Justice System has matured over the years as a result of the ever varying dynamics of criminology (George 2007, p. 19). With time, crime has gotten complicated and equally so has the criminal justice system due to the continuously changing phenomenon of crime. This has led to massive developments in the criminal justice systems both at home and abroad. The criminal justice system now tries to enhance crime prevention. It cannot be stated enough that preventing crime is stopping crime (George 2007, p. 79). Crime prevention is a crucial goal of the criminal justice system. In a bid to lessen crime occurrence, various measures get taken by the different arms of the justice system. The legislative arm of the state has passed bills that outline undesirable consequences for crime perpetrators (George 2007, p. 69). This acts as a deterrent factor by creating fear among would be criminals and reduces the likelihood of crime occurrence. In recent times, members of the House of Representatives and Senate have been on a campaign to vanquish crime out of their respective areas of jurisdiction. Crime occurrence has since reduced in the United States. Though politics has challenged the passing of criminal laws, significant ground get gained to deter people from involvement in crime due to the tough measures placed and laws passed (George 2007, p. 84). There have been considerable developments in the judicial system, especially the courts, to prevent crime. Different governments make changes upon assuming leadership, especially with regard to heading the courts. This gets done in an attempt to undertake court reforms that will lead to just judgments (Anthony 2008, p. 90). Underhand dealing and graft in the courts to skew judgments, and influence the outcome of trials and court cases, is at its lowest. Proper vetting of holders of judicial offices like judges and District Attorneys lessen the likelihood of a corrupt and unqualified person from assuming office. The courts have to uphold the stiff penalties outlined in the penal code. This means that if found guilty of perpetrating crime, one will surely not go unpunished. These undesirable penalties handed down by the courts also act as deterrent factors against crime. Correctional facilities such as penitentiaries, prisons and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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