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Theory of Crimes Name: Institution: Theory of Crimes Crime entails unlawful omissions or actions that are either omitted or committed in violation of specified laws that either command or forbid them. The laws also prescribe appropriate punishment to those convicted (Thilagaraj, 2008)…
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Download file to see previous pages By discussing some of the theories described in the book Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, the fifth edition, this paper will identify them with practical situations. That will be achieved by applying them to examples portrayed by the White family from the movie The Wild and Wonderful Whites of West Virginia. The paper will discuss Hirschi’s Two Theories and Beyond, the Strain Theory and Biosocial Theory. The simplicity of Travis Hirschi’s way of stating his theories has made the fundamental propositions easily understandable. Then, his combative nature makes the theories seem controversial when he perceives other theories as wrong. His first theory, which is discussed under social bonds and delinquency, is based on the notion that delinquency stems from absent or weak social bonds (Hirschi & Gottfredson, 2005). The second theory discusses self control and crime where it is opined that low levels of self control have a relation with involvement in criminal activity. Hirschi explains how strong social bonds can reduce involvement in crime by his summary of the social bond theory which is addressed through descriptions of attachment, commitment, involvement and belief. From the reasoning of a control theorist, this theory seeks to explain why even when people are equally motivated to seeking instant gratification through the easiest means they still hold back from doing so (Arrigo & Williams, 2006). The assumption taken by this theory is that all potential crimes bear costs, also known as consequences, and benefits. The assumption also extends to believe that all members of society have similar perceived benefits of crime. This is because through the criminal acts, they can all take something that does not belong to them and gains from it what they want or even use drugs to acquire a high feeling. They also have the same potentials to stop what they find unpleasant by harming those who aggrieve them. However, it is worth noting that even with his assumptions, Hirschi did not offer any empirical evidence that all people can benefit equally from crime (Sherman, 2005). Attachment is viewed as the emotional closeness individuals share with others like parents. The closeness impacts indirect control by developing a caring attitude in children towards their parents’ views such as condemning anti social behavior. The youth will stay away from offensive trends because they are keen to avoid disappointing those that they are attached to (Thilagaraj, 2008). Explaining commitment, Hirschi points out that the reason behind commitment to, say, education and goals in careers are viewed as increasing the costs and consequences of involvement in crime. Then, involvement is described as the taking part in conformist activities that include work, recreational or school activities. Having minimum leisure or unstructured time greatly reduces opportunities for participating in crime. Finally, belief entails embracing moral validities of legal requirements and conventional standards. When the beliefs are moral, individuals are restrained from offensive impulses. Through the strain theory, the key assumption is that most rationale people are considered to possess similar aspirations in regards to a successful life. However, what differentiate them are their different levels of abilities and opportunities. Therefore, when they do not achieve what is expected of them by the society via approved ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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