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Theories of Poverties - Essay Example

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The essay "Theories of Poverties " deals with poverty which is defined as the state of lacking adequate food and shelter requirement to sustain human life. Besides, this is termed as absolute poverty; the lack of material possessions or finance to meet the minimum basic human needs…
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Theories of Poverties
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Download file to see previous pages Another theory of poverty is the Culture of Poverty. This concept was put forth by Oscar Lewis, after conducting studies on the urban poor. The theory explains that poverty is attributed to the manner in which groups of people condition their livelihoods to a particular design which is passed on from generation to generation. This also relates to mental attitudes and perceptions of the individuals which may trickle down to their offspring and the cycle continues. Lewis notes that “An individual may feel inferior, incapacitated, helpless or neglected and as a result of living for the present with little regard for saving and future needs.” This leads to a great affinity for materialistic pleasures, high divorce rates, and misguided priorities. Health, social needs, and financial stability are relegated to the pyramid of needs perpetuating poverty. These attitudes and lifestyles are easily and quickly adopted by children of this culture and may be indifferent or unmoved to arising opportunities and favorable changes in their environment. As a result, despite the improvement, acknowledgment, and creation of opportunities, the children grow up oblivious to their good fortune which might have been absent during their parents’ time. Lewis further states that this trend is most prevalent in 3rd world countries on the track to industrialization. An example of the latter is the active participation of groups of individuals in local governments in local income generation schemes in the sub-Saharan African countries. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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