Nobody downloaded yet

Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The signing of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996 replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent children (AFDC) program with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.8% of users find it useful
Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act"

Download file to see previous pages The signing of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act in 1996 replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent children (AFDC) program with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. TANF differs in some aspects from the AFDC. First, TANF gave states more authority to determine and design their own welfare programs. This helped to eliminate the entitlement status created by AFDC, as no one has direct right to benefit. Secondly, TANF introduced a limit of five years under which one was eligible to benefit from the program. This is a direct contrast from AFDC where recipients appeared trapped in a lifetime government aid. TANF also differs from AFDC as it introduced a work requirement on the beneficiary which lacked in AFDC lacked this aspect (Waldinger 13). In the American Dream, Deparle argues that the welfare reforms is of no help to women as they continued to struggle even after enrolment in to the program. The welfare program did not provide the necessary resources to move the families of the recipients from the poverty. Angie and Jewel got off the welfare to find jobs on their own as the jobs on their own was paying better than the welfare jobs. The welfare required Angie to work for long hours while getting minimum wages, which could not move her family from the poverty, this prompted Angie to find a private job and quit from the welfare. Opal on the other hand, continued with her self-defeating path, using split and having children out of wedlock. Opal remained a drug addict even after being under the welfare program. The three on the welfare program were working under minimum wage jobs that making it harder for them to move their families out of poverty. Despite the changes in the welfare, Angie says that she is still waiting for her dream day. The women were never provided with the necessary skills required in order for them to obtain a job in the private sector. Most of the women under the welfare program are school dropouts hence they lack the necessary education required in order for them to secure a job. Although the TANF tried to offer some training to the women under the program, it was not sufficient enough as some of them ended back to their former lifestyles. A good example of this is Opal who ended back to using drugs. Q2 The California three strikes law is a law designed to ensure longer prison sentences and greater punishments to those who commit an offense, and had been earlier convicted of serious or violent felony offences. The law does not only target the third strikers but also the second strikers. The law requires that if a person is convicted of a felony and has two or more strikes, he/she must be sentenced to at least 25 years or life in prison. The California three-strike law adds time to prison sentences leading to an increase to incarceration rate in the western countries. The 25 years or life imprisonment for second and third strikes offenses has led to a significant increase in the number of imprisonments in California and the US as general from 1970s. The other factors involved include, the law has led to incarceration of people with non-violent or non-serious third felonies therefore, increasing the number of prisoners in the US. This leads to wastage of taxpayers’ money in maintaining many old and harmless prisoners incarcerated in their third strike. The other involved factor is that the law has led to the creation of stereotypes that blacks are violent and criminals. This is due to the large number of blacks incarcerated by the third strike. Mass incarceration in California and in the US as well affects the intimate relations. Imprisonment of large numbers of males reduces the number of male partners existing in the neighborhood, therefore, putting women in a disadvantaged position in search for male partners. This has led to an increase in transmission of STDs in the society. Incarceration erodes the family ties of the victims. When a parent is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act Essay)
“Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act

The Personal Responsibility and Work Reconciliation Act

... Impact of the Personal Responsibility and Work Reconciliation Act Introduction The main element of the reforms endorsed through the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) is the implementation of policies relative to welfare to works provisions that shifted millions of people into new jobs after making them undergo work force training programs. The Act aimed at restructuring the welfare systems in order to avoid recipients from becoming dependent on government assistance. The long standing assistance available to people was changed into a mix of short term assistance and on the job training opportunities. Achieving life stability by way of marriage and employment were supported... ). The...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Welfare Reform Affects Us All

..., President Clinton signed into law the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. Initially many politicians were afraid that there would be horrible results with families and children going hungry and becoming homeless. They felt that forcing Welfare recipients to go to work would jeopardize their children who would be left at home to fend for themselves while their primary care taker was at work. Seriously ill people, especially children, would not be able to receive treatment for their conditions and could possibly die. The Leftists Liberals painted a stunning picture of how...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Personal Responsibility

...research where they seek out the answers for themselves; the student should hence apply whichever technique, or combination of techniques, that works for them and hence adapt their plan to the most suitable learning theory for the best results. The student directly takes personal responsibility for their performance through setting personal goals, since they dictate, autonomously, the kind performance they wish to achieve. Operating in any situation without predetermined goals is analogous to running a race without a finish line. As such goals are a vital aspect of any accomplishment in academic pursuits, they can be measured in a number of ways depending on individual...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Movie Plan 9 from the Outer Space

3 Pages(750 words)Movie Review

Personal Responsibility to Nature

... Personal Responsibility to Nature Living in a country where energy is scare and thus in high demand, oil becomes one of the most ludicrous commodities desired by many—not only by oil companies, but also by peoples in different sectors who can further their self-interests through supporting more oil drilling. The recent oil spill at Gulf of Mexico, however, arouses public awareness on to what extent should we exploit natural resources without causing great environmental and economic harm to the country. Also, it raises the question on how we can individually and collectively pose a positive change to the current situation where the struggle between the natural environment and the commercial sector...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Free Will and Personal Responsibility

...and Loeb's act of murdering Franks was a necessary consequence of their background, their upbringing and the principles of Nietzsche. According to the defense counsel, all these factors drove them to killing another person. The combinations of said factors afforded no other result other than the horrific crime committed. As such, Leopold and Loeb could not be held responsible for their actions. Therefore, they should not be punished for killing Franks. To support this argument the lawyer presented the three points. First, Loeb's and Leopold's upbringing served as a breeding ground for a twisted sense of morality. Loeb was raised by a governess who pushed him too hard on his studies. It...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

The Issues of Welfare Woven into the Issues Associated with Low-Wage Jobs

...). Therefore, Dodson is right saying that it is the business of policymakers to “determine which jobs at what wages are needed” (Dodson, 1998, p.182) 2. After the passing of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, the lives of the poor as well as vulnerable were affected dramatic changes. The welfare reform, which was introduced by Clinton under the motto “to end welfare as we know it”, in practice turned out to be the flawed strategy that literally brought the end to welfare. While welfare recipients were made to look for jobs instead of being given cash assistance from the state, the...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Cash Reconciliation

...Reconciling Bookkeepers Errors Cash reconciliation is a control a company adopts to ensure the cash in its accounts equals to what is recorded in the books of account (Finney & Miller, 1965). The new bookkeeper made numerous errors in recording the transactions. The first error the new bookkeeper records a deposit of $ 200 as $ 2,000. This error will result to the bank statement reflecting a less figure of $ 1,800 while the company’s cash account reflects an excess of $ 1,800. This error is reconciled by deducting $ 1,800 from the cash account. The second error the bookkeeper records a deposit of $ 530 as $ 350. This error will result to the bank statement having highest figure as compared to the cash account by $ 150. This error... Bookkeeper...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Personal Responsibility and Individual Accountability

...theme and which designer was well-equipped to handle a peculiar kind of task. On the job, Alan learned a great deal about being responsible, getting things done in an effective and efficient way, to liaise with the remaining team members, to manage his own self, gain interdependence and properly align his working regimes with the time slots which were devoted to his individualized as well as team’s works. (Keigher, 1996) Alan taught me that it was all about passion to do something in a particular field and to have a certain belief that a person can actually do it. He taught me that being responsible does come from within, more so if the destination is...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Social Work Policy TANF

...In United States of America, efforts have been put forward time and again to keep the societal classes at peace. The poor who are unable to meet the needs of the changing society are provided grants to support their kin. Various laws have been passed over the years but the most prominent one was the PRWORA Act declared during Bill Clinton’s Government. Public Law. 104-193 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA): On 22nd August, 1996, a bill was approved by congress proposing a new financial assistance program replacing AFDC (Aid to Families with dependent Children) that has remained...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act for FREE!

Contact Us