We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Why females earn less as compared to their male counterparts - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Summary
U.S. women earned only 77 per cents from the ‘male dollar’ in 2011, according to up-to-date statistics. (This number drops to 65% for women of African – American race and 58% for Latinos.) To stress the necessity for change, since the year 1996 the National Committee for Pay Equity, an advocacy- body umbrella group, marked April 20 as the Equal Pay Day…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Why females earn less as compared to their male counterparts
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Why females earn less as compared to their male counterparts

Download file to see previous pages... Some notable signs of progress include; the first bill president Barack Obama approved into law as President aimed the United States pay gap in gender, and the Senate is in view of a bill meant to address fundamental gender discrimination in the work place. However, the question still remains: Why has this measure taken so long? Almost half a century elapse since the illegalization of less payment of wages to women than men on the grounds of their gender occurred yet, the question which still remains unanswered includes; why do women still get less than men counterparts? In an attempt, to explain the differences in pay between men and women, this paper look on the factors which have led to reduced women payments as compared to their male counterparts, and how globalization is affecting the matter(Rehman Sobhan, 2001). Literature review Employment industry does not tell the whole fact file. Women earned less than the counterparts in all 25 occupation and 20 industries groups surveyed by Census Bureau in 2007. It was astonishing that the trend persisted even in fields that their numbers exceeded the male. For instance, female secretaries earned 83.4% as much as the male secretaries. Those who preferred male-dominated fields earned less as well: female truck drivers, for example, earned just 76.5% of weekly pay of the male counterparts. Possibly, the most compelling, and perhaps disapproving data of all to propose that gender has an impact comes from a study in 2008, in which Kristen Schilt, a University of Chicago sociologist and New York University economics scholar Matthew Wiswall studied the wage lines of people who undertook a sex change. The results: even when monitoring for factors such as education, men who changed to women earned, averagely, 32% less after they took surgery. Women who converted to men, conversely, earned 1.5% more (Abdi, 2006). Cynics, who deem the 77% estimation to be too optimistic, besides, note that the figures just count women working full-time (equivalent to 35 or more hours a week, for a full year) failing to consider women’s decision, whereby they opt to take a leave of absence when starting a family or maybe work part-time to rear their kids. According to a 2008 study by IWPR (the Institute of Women's Policy Research) conducted over a 10 year period, a full 54% of women in the key earning age range between 26 and 59 go through a minimum of one full calendar year without earning nothing at all, related to just 16% of men(Bartlett, 2003). These choices make a relative difference: over that span of time, female workers earn only 38% of what men earn, making the wage-gap twice larger the census figure. (Plus despite the earnings premium which comes with superior education, women of bachelor's degrees earn a lesser amount of over 10 years than men holding high school diplomas or lesser, according to the IWPR annual study). However, no matter how interpretation of the numbers occurs, there are a few persistent percentage points that cannot be disregarded. Advocates and economists alike speculate that these remain to be the products of slippery reasons particularly discrimination - conscious or not (Brennan, 2003). Discussion The answer on this matter depends on whom one is asking, and so does the dimension of the gap. Some people say 77% is overly ugly. The biggest reason being, that it does not account for individual dissimilarities between workers. Once a person regulates aspects like education and experience, as Francine Belau notes, who, along with economist Lawrence Kahn, his fellow Cornell, published a1998 wage gap study ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Young College Female Students in early 1960 to 1963
Running head: FEMALE EDUCATION Young College Female Students in early 1960 to 1963 Insert Name Insert Grade Course Insert Tutor’s Name October 26, 2011 Young College Female Students in early 1960 to 1963 1. Introduction Equitable education is essential for the overall development of societies and yet that some sections of the population were marginalized over a long period.
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Paper
How do stereotypes affect the perception of male masculinity in the workplace
The male masculinity will be looked in a comprehensive way both covering the male perspective and the female perspective in the workplace atmosphere. The stereotyping has a major impact on the workplaces and in most cases it can lead to discrimination especially if the stereotyping brings about the aspect of male masculinity.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Distribution of duties based on gender roles
The shopping centers where a wide range of commodities are available under one roof have a deep impact on the socialization and interactions amongst different groups (Villiers). When we try to see this activity from a micro viewpoint, it is found that in every household the duties are distributed and this might even include shopping trends.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Is a woman's earning potential equal to that of a man
Many factors affect the earnings that individuals make,including level of education,gender,race, social backgrounds,and occupational differencesIn studies to disentangle discrepancies in annual incomes between men and women,a significant portion of the difference remains unexplainable and highly controversial.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
Women in Law School
Women in Law School. Law schools have, for a long time been dominated by male students and this has created a situation where women are not treated as equals in such institutions. It has been found that women, who despite having started attending such schools many decades ago, have yet to establish themselves well within them to ensure that they excel on an equal basis as their male counterparts.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Sexual discrimination in South Korea
The author of this research aims to analyze a phenomenon of sexual discrimination that is sexism on the example of the people in South Korea. It is especially stressed that a person who discriminates can easily repudiate a person’s human rights if they perceive them as non-human or less than human beings.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Using SPSS computerized statistical tool

An ordinal scale is also known as a rank sale where variables are placed in a certain order while the difference between the variables is not known. Examples of its application are in Likert scales, such as measuring satisfaction, happiness, and discomfort among others. It can be best described by the median.

14 Pages(3500 words)Research Paper
The causes of the wage gap between men and women in the United States
The acuity of this situation is exacerbated by the fact that the Equal Pay Act was enacted about half a century ago, and although women currently constitute about a half of the American workforce, their compensation still lags behind that of
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Gender equality in news media
Soft news stories such as healthy and entertainment are usually left for women. Meanwhile, their male counterparts are given stories of political and national importance. According to Desmond, & Danilewick (2010) this is attributed to
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Linguistic Backgrounds and Writing Skills
From the table above, it is also clear that, the comparison based on an equal number of learners (53 each), and hence the statistic is reliable. Likewise in the college level, more bilingual students obtained the “A” grade, compared to their counterparts. This
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Why females earn less as compared to their male counterparts for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us