Implications of High Functioning Autism - Research Paper Example

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Instructor Date The Implications of High Functioning Autism Introduction Developments in science and medicine have led to accurate establishment of the various features of autism and a differentiation of the different forms within the autism spectrum…
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Download file to see previous pages In addition, the theory of labeling within the society has led to increased support for special treatment of people with autism. Furthermore, it has been argued that if these people lose the autism label they are likely lose preferential treatment. This research paper gives a critical analysis and discussion of autism with a special focus on the implications of high functioning autism within the contemporary society. Autism Defined Autism is a nervous system disorder which emanates from an anomaly a children’s neural development. Autism is defined within three distinct areas which illustrate that a child is autistic. These are social behavior in relation to communication, restricted activities or interests and imaginative or symbolic play (Noterdaeme and Christian 475). Therefore the disorder manifests itself through inhibited social skills such as impairment in communication skills. Children who are affected by this disorder also demonstrate inability to socialize with others (Crane and Adam 245). The medical definition of autism also illustrates the distinct repetitive behavior of the affected young people which is one of the characteristics of this disorder. Nonetheless, for a child to be defined as autistic, the aforementioned characteristic must be demonstrated before three years of age (Napolitano 265). However, it must be noted that clinical definition of autism recognizes that an autistic child has a good balance of specificity, reliability on the basis of novice rating and an IQ range with good coverage (Taylor and Hannah 377). Autism Spectrum Diagnosis The spectrum diagnosis for autism is the application of diagnostic approaches which are aimed at determining the specific form of autism which affects a child. In the diagnosis autism, the differences within the autism spectrum such as high functioning autism, Asperger's syndrome and Idiot savant syndrome are determines through variations of symptoms (Dymond, Christie and Steve 133). Both Asperger’s syndrome and high functioning autism are milder cases within the autism spectrum. The intelligence of a child with Asperger’s syndrome would be either average or above average. The symptoms of autism such as poor social and communication skills however persist. Additionally, in the diagnosis of autism symptoms of developmental delays such those of savantism are included in the differential diagnosis before a conclusive diagnosis is reached (Solomon and Sally 32). The features and symptoms of high functioning autism are important in its diagnosis. The difference between high functioning autism and other forms of the disorder is that, it presents the least severe of symptoms, a feature which is used in the diagnosis process. However, even individuals with high functioning autism have to cope with daily challenges which characterize the disorder, for example difficulty of the affected individual to relate with others (Reaven 192). One of the most prominent features of high functioning autism is a delay in the motor skills of a child. When a child presents with intelligence level which is above average but with a delay in motor skills, doctors reach a conclusive diagnosis for high functioning autism (Christina 114). Moreover, children with high functioning autism show difficulty in the understanding abstract language. A child with this disorder will therefore be unable to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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