Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

An investigation into the perceptions and practices of a small sample of learning support/resource teachers when providing for students with autistic spectrum disorders in post primary schools - Literature review Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
A literature review is developed in order to sufficiently create a background from which to base the research so that what has come before can be integrated into the current avenue of study. This chapter will explore the key areas which are relevant to the aims of the…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
An investigation into the perceptions and practices of a small sample of learning support/resource teachers when providing for students with autistic spectrum disorders in post primary schools
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "An investigation into the perceptions and practices of a small sample of learning support/resource teachers when providing for students with autistic spectrum disorders in post primary schools"

Download file to see previous pages An exploration of modern daily interventions and technologies will be placed in context with the professional training of teachers as well as their collaborations with outside support systems and agencies towards successful post primary school experiences.
Autism was first described by an American psychologist by the name of Leo Kanner who in 1943 identified the condition in a sub-group of children who had at first been diagnosed with other mental disorders that did not quite fit what was being observed in the group (Ireland 2004). The children in the group that Kanner observed did not relate to other people or their environment in a way that was normal to most children. The way in which they reacted to their environment was similar enough to base a common set of behaviours as a standard in order to create a diagnosis for a disorder. His description of this behaviour was ‘extreme autistic aloneness’ or ‘autism’. Kanner was given credit for his observation and discovery of the syndrome as the illness was often referred to as ‘Kanner’s Autism’ or ‘Kanner’s Disease’ (Humprey 2008).
In 1988, Autistic Spectrum Disorders (Autism) was first used by Wing and Allen to acknowledge this subset of Persuasive Developmental Disorders which included Autistic Disorder, Asperger’s Disorders and Persuasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (Ireland, 2004). Persuasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) is an umbrella term for the spectrum (Ireland, 2004). PDD can range from a milder form known as Asperger’s disorder where children who develop adequate linguistic and intellectual facilities are at the other end of the spectrum to the more severe form known as Autism (Wing 1991).
The American Psychiatric Association has re-organized the diagnostic criteria for autism. In DSM-IV (The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), autism was broken into five different disorders under the spectrum. Autism, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“An investigation into the perceptions and practices of a small sample Literature review”, n.d.)
An investigation into the perceptions and practices of a small sample Literature review. Retrieved from
(An Investigation into the Perceptions and Practices of a Small Sample Literature Review)
An Investigation into the Perceptions and Practices of a Small Sample Literature Review.
“An Investigation into the Perceptions and Practices of a Small Sample Literature Review”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF An investigation into the perceptions and practices of a small sample of learning support/resource teachers when providing for students with autistic spectrum disorders in post primary schools

Increased Genetic Risk for Autistic Spectrum Disorders

... is essential for the analysis of chances of occurrence or reoccurrence of autistic spectrum disorders. Once the interpretation of family history has been completed, the next step in genetic counseling is to educate the individual at risk about different aspects of inheritance and other related issues such as periodic testing and disease management strategies. Genetic counselors provide detailed information to individuals and their families about informed choices and strategies to be utilized to ease adaption to being at risk of developing polygenetic disease. On the other hand, genetic counseling not only helps the counselor to become an advocate of the individuals but also involves the provision of supportive care to their families...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

...-life contact to pollution, comprising diesel particulatesand others could potentially lead to a higher threat of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (Sifferlin, 2013). Learning problems Autistic Spectrum Disorder presents many challenges to the affected children because they experience myriad difficulties that inhibit acquisition of educational outcomes, and these require mitigating interventions on the part of the stake holders involved in the education of autistic children. Overall, autistic children have trouble in education mainly in the areas of communication skills and social interaction; both adults and children present difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure or play activities (Lal and Shahane...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Autistic Spectrum

...). Effective educational practices for students with autism spectrum disorders. Focus on autism & other developmental disabilities, 18(3), 150-166. Klin, A., Volkmar, F. R., Sparrow, S. S., Cichetti, D. V., & Rourke, B. P. (2003). Validity and neuropsychological characterization of Asperger syndrome: Convergence with nonverbal learning disabilities syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 36, 1127-1140. Le Couteur, H., McConachie, A. & Honey, E. (2005). Can a diagnosis of Asperger Syndrome be made in very young children with suspected Autistic Spectrum Disorder Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 167-176. Letts, C. & Leinonen, E. (2001). Comprehension of inferential meaning in language...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Autistic Spectrum Disorders

...Critique of Published Research 1st June 2009 of Research: Social Workers' Understanding of Autistic Spectrum Disorders: An Exploratory Investigation Author(s): David Preece and Rita Jordan Source: British Journal of Social Work (2007) doi:10.1093/bjsw/bcl089 David Preece and Rita Jordan both are highly intellectual and have served in the field for many years. David has worked as a Team Manager, Services for Children with Autism, for Northamptonshire Children and Families. He has worked with children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) for over 15 years. While Rita Jordan established a pre-school group and toy library for those then excluded from education in the UK. Following a research based MSc in Child Development. She...
11 Pages(2750 words)Book Report/Review

Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders

.... It uses peer group support. In one particular study, this technique was used over a three month period, once a week, for 12 weeks. Preschool children were studied. The result of the study showed that small peer groups worked very well as an intervention for ASD children to improve communication skills (Kalya & Avramidis, 2005, p. 258). Whitaker (2004) took this process a step further and used shared play sessions with severe autistic children in primary school. These children participated in a similar schedule like the study by Long. Children from regular classrooms were asked to volunteer as a peer tutor and were given training in the Autistic Spectrum Disorders (Whitaker, p. 16). The results of this study were that all children...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Anti-Bullying Procedures for Primary and Post-Primary Schools

...Anti-Bullying Procedures for Primary and Post-Primary Schools 1. Revised policy statement For the prevention of bullying, Pulaski County Schools have been instructed to form teams of parents and teachers to identify the bullying activities often taking place within the school premises and report it to the school authorities as per the policy brief. Accordingly, the Pulaski County also possesses their Code of Conduct wherein the punishments for the bullying activities are mentioned. The Code of Conduct comprises of few of the codes such as Official Code of Georgia Annotated (OCGA) 20-02-0751.4, wherein the written complain of bullying actions will be taken into records through the use of a particular website. The other code, i.e. OCGA 20...
7 Pages(1750 words)Admission/Application Essay


... and this also helps in improving the way he regards his work as a professional. When a teacher feels that the society and possibly his students believe that his role is important, he is most likely to invest more time in his professional development and be even better. These perceptions can be revealed in a number of ways. First, the way the parents delegate some of the parenting roles to the teacher such as disciplining their child can be indicative of the way the parent perceives the teacher. This perception will also determine how the teacher relates with his students. Of importance to understand is that the way the teacher is treated will also affect her perception of how important his role is. If the teacher perceives...
5 Pages(1250 words)Case Study

Autism Spectrum Disorders

... that parents may like to talk to others about the experience they have in ASD; whether it is personally or professionally. TABLE OF CONTENT INTRODUCTION ………………………………………………………………………..4 Problem Statement………………………………………………………………...5 Purpose of the Study………………………………………………………………6 Research Questions………………………………………………………………..6 LITERATURE REVIEW…………………………………………………………….……6 Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)……………………………………..…………..6 Emotional Effects ASD diagnosis has on parents……………….…………………8 Stress Experiences by Parents of Children with ASD……….……………………..9 METHODOLOGY………………………………………………………………………...10 Selection and Description of the Sample……………………………………...……10 Instrumentation and Data Collection………………………………………………..11 Data Analysis...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Fundamental Rights of Primary European Union Legislations

Fundamental rights had been traced to several ancient documents which date signify that even in those ancient eras fundamental rights had already been practiced and recognized and that the concept was alive and respect for such rights existed thousands of years ago. The Cyrus Cylinder which can be found in the British Museum in London shows that during 539 BC, Cyrus the Great of Persia believed in the fundamental human rights of his own citizens as well as captive citizens of Babylonia which he conquered in 539 BC. The Cyrus Cylinder was actually Cyrus’ declaration of reforms and described how Cyrus repatriated displaced peoples such as the Jews who were deported and exiled by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in 6th centur...
66 Pages(16500 words)Dissertation

Developing a Strategy to Enhance Workplace Learning in Workplace at Travelex Foreign Exchange

As earlier stated, I have chosen to answer Option No. 1 which is about drafting and crafting a strategic plan which can be implemented in my workplace as a learning workplace on the basis of its analysis and identification made in the earlier assignments. As also required, the initial paragraph, following this, makes a brief review of what has been done in Assignments 1 and 2. Since as a Training Coordinator, my job entails the induction, training and assessment of the progress of the new hires, I have focused my answer to these three areas and divided the paper into Induction and Training, and; Assessment/Evaluation.

The first assignment was about the physical and social environments of the workplace and in that assign...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Entrepreneurial Learning

Focusing on those life experiences that actually ‘get in the way’ of entrepreneurial activities, it needs to be stressed that there are several ways in which learning or knowledge that is gained through these experiences affect not only the personality characteristics or traits but predominantly the orientation of people toward engaging in risk-taking and opportunity leverage business behavior. There are actually two ways in which life experiences can refrain individuals from being entrepreneurs; the first way refers to the practical dimension of entrepreneurship whereas the second one refers to the theoretical underpinnings of entrepreneurship (the orientation of the individuals themselves). Within the practical frame...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Effects of Big Businesses on Small Businesses

The supercenters like Wal-Mart are recorded to have dropped the share of small businesses in almost all areas where they are operating (Stone, Artz, & Myle, pp.12 & 13).
It is a datum of experience that the major attribute of power bearing body is its transcendence in development as compared to its contemporaries. The same goes for the world of business too. According to the studies of Jane L. Parpart, Shirin M. Rai and Kathleen Staudt in ‘Rethinking empowerment, gender, and development’, the term ‘power’ has often been used as an alternative for the developmental approaches. Stated differently, the concept of power cannot be separated from development. According to Keith Rankin in ‘Globa...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Cultural Perceptions Toward Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders

... see autism as a condition for which the family members or the autistic individual are not held responsible. Perceptions about Care-giving to Autistic Individuals In the Anglo culture that is predominantly individualistic, it is found that care giving is considered to be the prime responsibility of parents. As the individualistic culture encourages people to live in nuclear families, there is little help from the extended family in terms of care giving (Mahoney, O'Sullivan and Dennebaum, 1990). Also, community level support is less and parents have to actively seek out other parents with similar problems to interact with and gain support. Nonetheless, there are numerous governmental and private agencies that provide information...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Information and Communications Technology in the Primary School

ICT has evolved to become an inseparable and accepted part of everyday life activities and it continues to extend its control over people’s work, social and personal lives.
Even when the significance and importance of ICT at school have been amply emphasized, there is still a high proportion of obsolete hardware being used in the classrooms with the results that children often meet industry-standard hardware and software at home rather than at schools. The use of ICT in school is also very variable with its frequent use in some schools and its nonexistent in others. During the last thirty years, there has been a lack of clarity over the educational objectives for ICT, this problem is clear from the shortages of equipmen...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

The Role of Human Resource Management

Positivism is a scientific method of inquiry-based on facts rather than on opinions and attitudes. In positivism, there is a belief that the world exists externally and that the objective method of measurement should be used. This implies that only knowledge that is measurable is “valid” and hence the epistemology of positivism is connected with quantitative methods of research. Interpretivism is the qualitative approach through which it is possible to understand the subjective reality. Through interpretivism, it would be possible to make sense of the data collected and achieve the goals of the research.

Any research is a methodical study on a particular subject, which uses facts and figures. The research st...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Cognitive Factors in the Vulnerability and Ongoing Features of Eating Disorders Related to Anorexia and Bulimia

 The eminence and restrictions of these advancements are measured, together with their ability to meet with the norms for excellent speculation. EDs symbolize a method of handling with tribulations of self-control. The article reviews significant pragmatic evidence, the theoretical reconsiderations for cognitive models of EDs. An obvious need for amalgamation between cognitive theories of EDs and vulnerability factors was distinguished. Connotations for future research in terms of the cognitive theory of EDs are then discussed exhibiting urgent requirements for learning cognitive formulations to facilitate complete integration. Instant management spotlights on instantaneous enhancement in the health of the sufferer while endu...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Can One Size Fit All When It Comes to Global Accounting Standards

The practice of reporting accounting techniques and a company’s accounts has therefore to be the most homogeneous for a series of reasons, but mostly to facilitate and improve the transparency of markets. These are two main issues in what relates the international financial reporting practices: the homogeneity of these practices and the key actors to which this convergence matters most; the international users of accounting reports. One can argue that the more transparent and homogeneous these international reporting systems are, the more transparent markets become and the process of investment internationally is eased.

Despite the necessity of a highly integrated and converged international reporting system, it s...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Proposal

Training and Development from a Human Resource Management Perspective

The last section will discuss my personal recommendation with regard to specific changes in the use of HR theories and work-related practices. My overall experience during the internship training period was fun and challenging.

During the first week of the training period, I managed to develop useful research survey questionnaires and research aids which enabled me to gather information needed for the development of a training plan for the fitness instructors.

Designing an effective training instruction plan that will address the main concerns of the students is the most challenging part of the internship. Using the ADDIE model, I plan to design a training instruction material by integrating the research sur...
30 Pages(7500 words)Thesis

Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children

Autism makes it hard for children to communicate effectively with each other. It appears in the first 3 years of a child’s life. “Autism is a neurobiological disorder” (Tsai, 1999). Autism is one of the biggest problems for the parents of a child because they feel mentally disturbed due to their child’s inability to communicate effectively with other children and family members.

“Autistic spectrum disorders share a triad of impaired social interaction, communication, and imagination, associated with a rigid, repetitive pattern of behavior” (Wing, 1996). I strongly believe that social interaction skills also get affected due to autism, which creates many problems for children. In my op...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Autistic Spectrum Disorders

The exact cause of Autism remains unknown and is still under the purview of various ongoing scientific researches.  From the previous researches conducted by different scientists there are suggestions that Autism may result from genetic mutations within the human body, but there are no clarifications, as of yet,  whether this condition results from rare genetic mutations, or from the rare combinations of commonly occurring gene variants (Abrahams and Geschwind, 2008, 345).   There are also other researches that suggest that Autism may be caused by certain environmental factors, like pesticides, vaccinations in children, and heavy metals (Rutter, 2005); though the hypothesis in children’s vaccines has...
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Literature review on topic An investigation into the perceptions and practices of a small sample of learning support/resource teachers when providing for students with autistic spectrum disorders in post primary schools for FREE!

Contact Us