Argentina Case Study - Essay Example

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MDG 4: Argentina Case Study Name Tutor Subject (Date) Introduction In 2000, the sometimes maligned United Nations established eight noble goals to address the most pertinent issues facing the contemporary world. These Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) following the resolutions of 191 UN member states committing to address extreme poverty, disease, hunger, illiteracy, degradation of the environment and gender discrimination with the details provided by the 18 targets spread among the eight MDGs to be achieved by 2015 (UN 2012)…
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Download file to see previous pages 293). One of the ways of establishing this is through focusing on one of the MDGs and a given case study. This study selects one of the most important indicators of achievement: child mortality addressed by MDG 4, basing on Argentina. This paper holds a strong position that despite a variety of challenges, Argentina can achieve and surpass the targets of MDG 4. Definition of Key Terms and Concepts The following are the key terms and concepts which understanding is of importance for a meaningful discussion: Infant Mortality Rate: This is the probability of death between the time of birth and the age of one year per 1000 of children born alive. This also serves as an important indicator of socioeconomic conditions in a given country besides relating with important health considerations such as maternal health and malnutrition (Steiner, 2006, p. 41). Millennium Development Goals: These are a framework to plan and implement global development, including time-bound targets and goal-oriented indicators by which development progress is measured over the period from 1990 until 2015 (CEPAL Organisation, 2008, p. 3). Under-five Mortality Rate: This is the number of children per 1,000 children born alive who will die before reaching five years old. It is an important indicator of the socioeconomic development in a country as it refers to the probability per 1,000 that a newly born will die- if subject to current age-specific mortality rates before age five (CEPAL Organisation, 2008, p. 1). Background: An Overview of the MDGs UN member countries, after lengthy considerations, signed the eight MDGs in 2000 (UN 2012). The first goal addresses the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger through seeking to halve the proportion of people earning less than a dollar a day and halve the proportion of people suffering from hunger between 1990 and 2015. The second goal is concerned with the achievement of universal primary education by 2015. The third goal seeks to promote gender equality and empower women in the society. MDG 4, the focus of this study, aims to reduce under-five child mortality by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. MDG 5 concerns the improvement of maternal health indicated by reduction in the maternal mortality ratio (UNFPA, 2006, p. 249). Goal 6 addresses the combating of HIV/AIDS, malaria and other major diseases. The seventh goal addresses the problem of environment degradation. Lastly, the eight MDG seeks to promote global partnership for development. The eight MDGs, thus, effectively cover probably the most important considerations in people’s livelihoods in the modern society. MDG 4 in Argentina MDG 4 Overview MDG 4 is concerned with the reduction of child mortality in the world. The timeline for the goal is achievement by 2015 like all other MDGs, with the target being a reduction by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015 of the under five mortality rate; the infant mortality rate; and the proportion of one year old children targeted for immunisation against measles. This is well captured in the table below: Table 1: MDG 4 and its targets (Source: Alliance Organization, 2009). According to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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