Running head: Effect of recidivism rates for juvenile females of color in the division of juvenile justice in California Name Instructor Date Outline Introduction Juvenile female incarceration in California Social work intervention into the problem of juvenile female incarceration Diversion programs for reducing recidivism Conclusion Introduction This research paper is to explore the problem of female juvenile incarceration in California…
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Having conducted a thorough search on the extent to which female incarceration has spread in that state, the paper will address the social intervention measures that have been effected as a result. It will analyze how effective these intervention measures have been over the long period in history in which they have been in operation. This will be done through an analysis of the records that have been kept regarding intervention measures and their effect on recidivism rates. Juvenile female incarceration in California Statistics show that California holds the largest number of young female prisoners when compared to all the other states in America. The country has the two largest prisons for women in the world that are located in Chowchilla. The largest number of incarcerated females is juveniles as they have a higher tendency to engage in crime as opposed to those advanced in age. As it would least be expected, most of the prisons in that state have a very high percentage of males working in female prisons. This poses a very big threat on the welfare and wellbeing of the female juveniles. In fact, this percentage of male workers in female prisons is higher than any other in the world. Out of the 30 million people incarcerated in that state, 11,250 are women as compared to a country like Germany which has 80 million incarcerated and holds only 800 women. The question that now comes to mind is what has led to such a high number of women being imprisoned? According to credible sources, most of the females were arrested as victims of property or drug related crimes which were mostly meant for survival (Carlifornia Prison Focus, 2005). About 33% of these women are able to participate in any educational activity as they were still very young and full of potential. This problem of female incarceration mainly affects African American as well as Latino women more than it does the white. Probably this is because these women are more exposed to harsh conditions that push them into participating in crime for survival. Social work intervention into the problem of juvenile female incarceration Many meta-analyses have been conducted in a bid to gauge the effect of programs on the recidivism of juvenile offenders (Cullen, 2007). However, most of these studies were conducted in a limited scope, whereby each of them specialized on one single topic. This made their findings to be very accurate and refined as an exhaustive study was successfully conducted. The range of topics covered among the juvenile offenders included sex offences, drug involvement and other offenses of the same family. During the study, instead of focusing on a predefined kind of a program, an alternate approach was used through collection and meta-analysis of all the available research on the effect of interventions with juvenile offenders, sorting it according to the type of interventions found. The extreme nature of this task makes it possible to investigate certain very important issues that are otherwise very difficult to address. For instance, a meta-analysis of cognitive-behavioral programs may demonstrate that they have positive effects on recidivism while other meta-analysis shows that family counseling has positive effects. The database for Lipsey’s (2009) comprehensive meta-analysis consists of the effects of delinquency
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(“Effect of Recidivism Rates for Juvenile Females of Color in the Coursework”, n.d.)
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“Effect of Recidivism Rates for Juvenile Females of Color in the Coursework”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1446483-a-proposed-study-and-proposed-program-on-the.
This has made many people to have different opinions concerning this issue therefore ending up in wrong decisions when it comes to matters pertaining to delinquency. Some say that delinquency comes because of peer while others on the other hand say it is some kind of child abuse.
Juvenile recidivism is a serious problem in the United States. On an annual basis, roughly 2.4 million juveniles are charged with criminal offences every year (Wilson, 2011: Online). As per some conservative estimates, roughly 55 percent or more of juvenile offenders who are released get rearrested within a year (Wilson, 2011: Online).
The Child-savers were not just humanists and altruists, their main aim appears to safeguard and protect poor and migrant children. They were perceived as reformers, who were inclined to alleviate child delinquency and to better the treatment meted out to children under the existing justice system.
The transfer of such youths is beneficial to themselves as they are in a position to learn about the seriousness of their mistakes, therefore, trying to avoid them since they become aware of the repercussions (Elrod and Ryder 216). Moreover, such an action is beneficial to the society; as these youths do not have the freedom to walk about freely in their communities.
Probation is a court dispensation wherein a juvenile offender is tentatively released from the court but are placed under the care of an agency or the community so that they can integrate back to the society as a mature and more responsible individual. When under probation, juveniles have to follow standard rules, e.g.
triae doctrine (Soulier & Charles, 2010.This doctrine required the juvenile courts to assume full responsibility of a parent to rehabilitated juvenile youth. American reformers suggested the establishment of juvenile courts to separate adult cases from juvenile youth ruling
These rates are per annum which are further calculated on daily basis, taking into account the daily closing balance. All the above banks offer competitive interests on the certificate of deposit. Interest on these certificates is not expressed before on applies for the certificate and fills in all the required details.
Therefore, children were liable to capital punishment in equal measure to the adults, and the courts judged them in the adult courts without any complaint from the public. However, with time the perception
rts are not necessarily needed to release information regarding the juvenile case to the press, while the adult’s courts are required by law to release information to the press. This is very important because some of the wrongdoing done by juveniles is because of their