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Explain What Emile Durkheim Meant by the Move from Mechanic to Organic Solidarity - Essay Example

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Explain what Emile Durkheim meant by the move from mechanic to organic solidarity. 1. Introduction The structure of societies worldwide is differentiated through the decades under the influence of the local social ethics and rules. Many sociologists have tried to identify the social, economic and political events that affect the form of social life around the world…
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Explain What Emile Durkheim Meant by the Move from Mechanic to Organic Solidarity
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Download file to see previous pages The claim of Durkheim that social life has moved from mechanic to organic solidarity is examined in this paper. It is revealed that indeed, such transition, from mechanic to organic solidarity, has occurred. However, the transition has been gradual, preventing major oppositions to the specific trend. 2. Durkheim and social life – how social life has moved from mechanic to organic solidarity According to Durkheim, the move from mechanic to organic solidarity has been related to the industrialization of the society. More specifically, before the appearance of industrialization, social life had a particular form: ‘small groups of persons were organized together, sharing common beliefs’ (Groenman 1992, p.274). These groups have been characterized as communities organized on specific values, accepted by all the members of the community (Groenman 1992, p.274). After the appearance of industrialization, social life has started to be transformed. Community life has been weakened, while individualism has been increased. The various aspects of personal life, ‘family, work, friends’ (Groenman 1992, p.274), exist independently. ...
According to the above, the move from mechanic to organic solidarity has been inevitable, following the industrialization of societies. The move from mechanic to organic solidarity, as described above, had a series of implications for social life around the world. Of particular importance has been the fact that this move has not been always gradual; in certain cases, the changes on social life have been quite rapid, a fact that has led to the increase of anomie (Neapolitan 1997, p.68). As the gaps in social life are covered, i.e. as the transition from mechanic to organic society is completed, anomie has been reduced; Durkheim noted that the above fact indicates that ‘the full transition from mechanic to organic solidarity would result to the elimination of anomie’ (Neapolitan 1997, p.68). However, this transition has been not completed, a fact that has allowed the increase of anomie worldwide. The claim of Durkheim that solidarity in society has become organic, while in the past it was mechanic, has been developed gradually, under the influence of specific thoughts and findings. Initially, Durkheim has tried to understand the relationship between the life of individuals and the society; at the next level, he focused on the relationship between the personal life and solidarity, as developed in the context of the society. Durkheim understood that instead of being related only to social life, ‘solidarity could also related to the personal life’ (Brummer and Sarot 1996, p.102). At this point, Durkheim had to examine how the life of individuals could be possibly related to solidarity (Brummer and Sarot 1996, p.102). When examining the above issue, Durkheim came to the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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