Evolution of Al-Qaeda - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In the paper “Evolution of Al-Qaeda” the author tries to evaluate location of actors in the network in order to understand terrorist network. The reason to this is to find centrality of the node and the roles of the terrorist network…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.3% of users find it useful
Evolution of Al-Qaeda
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Evolution of Al-Qaeda"

Download file to see previous pages The death of Osama bin laden marked a new era in the operations of Al-Qaida. He was the founder of the network and analysts argue that his death was the end of Al-qaida. Security experts are of the view that in the short term, attacks from Al-Qaida may go up, and in the long run, the demise of Bin laden may erode its capabilities to carry out attacks. By use of social network analysis, this paper will discuss the evolution of Al-Qaida since 1990s from a central organization to an amorphous network. This paper will analyze strengths and weaknesses of Al-Qaida as a loosely tied terror group and provide evidences of its demise. On October 17th 2004, Bin Laden’s Al-Qaeda and Zarqawi’s At-Tawhid Wal-Jihad come together under the network of Al-Qaeda. This merger made sociologist to identify what Al-Qaeda is and who its members are. The term Al-Qaeda describes a host of radical Islamic terrorist groups which might or might not have formal links with Osama bin Laden but share a common ideology. Zarqawi was a leading member of Al-Qaeda ideology in Iraq, though independent from the influences of Osama bin Laden. The evolution of Al-Qaeda can be traced with the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and after the collapse of USSR in 1991; Al-Qaeda saw this as a catalyst to Islamic revolution. With the withdrawal of USSR from Afghanistan, Bin Laden made terrorist training camps in east of Afghanistan (Bergen, 34). Bin laden made a call for a crusade against the Americans in the 1990s and his success in attacking America on 11th of September 2001 affirmed bin Laden’s status as a Jihadist. The destruction of Taliban regime and bin laden’s training grounds dealt the movement a major blow while the invasion of Iraq by America in 2003 made Al-Qaeda develop a new action plan. Without its Afghan training camps (Sageman, 56), Al-Qaeda was in need of other training grounds and focus was on lawless Somalia and Iraq. Currently, Al-Qaeda under Zawahiri has an alliance with Somalia terrorist group, Al- Shabaab who are facing extensive military campaign from the African Union. Al-Qaeda has exhibited the following strengths, The organization has been able to re-establish itself in active conflict zones of Pakistan and Somalia. This allows the organization to link itself with other likeminded groups thus sharing their resources. Another communicative advantage is on Al-Qaeda assumption that United States is waging a war against Islam and this is evidenced in its occupation of Muslim countries, i.e. Afghanistan. Al-Qaeda use of internet in disseminating information is core for its operations. Bin Laden in passing out information, used the internet. Al-Qaeda has the following weaknesses (Scheur, 35); The movement has failed to conduct meaningful operations and secure the lives of its leaders. The American government and its allies have managed to kill most of its commanders including Osama bin laden. The defeat and stagnation of Al-Qaeda affiliates is a major weakness of Al-Qaeda since it undermines their coordinative capabilities. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula was decimated by Saudi Arabia while its affiliate in Iraq suffered a strategic defeat at the hands of the Sunni Muslims. Competition from the state and non-state actors pose a credibility challenge to Al-Qaeda. For instance the emergence of Iran and its defiance of the West undermine Al-Qaeda credibility in claiming a leading role in Anti-American pursuit. Evidences that Al-Qaeda has been weakened (Tripathi, 64) ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Evolution of Al-Qaeda Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Evolution of Al-Qaeda Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1445859-i-will-write-the-instruction
(Evolution of Al-Qaeda Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Evolution of Al-Qaeda Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1445859-i-will-write-the-instruction.
“Evolution of Al-Qaeda Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1445859-i-will-write-the-instruction.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Evolution of Al-Qaeda

Terrorist group Al Qaeda

...? Al Qaeda Explained Al Qaeda Explained Many in society would contend that the face of global terrorism is Al Qaeda. Thetwo are synonymous. This one organization has wreaked untold instances of horror on the global community, and they are perhaps the most studied militant group in the world. As an increasingly inter-connected society is threatened from all fronts, it is important to understand who Al Qaeda is and what their aims and objectives appear to be. The group itself was founded by the now deceased Osama bin Laden way back in the late 1980s. Many claim that the origins of the group go back to the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

The Al Qaeda Manual

...The Al Qaeda Manual: Implications for Law Enforcement Al Qaeda has emerged as one of the most serious threats to the United s in the global waron terror. While we sometimes view the organization as a group of unreasonable zealots that have the destruction of the US as their central theme, it is easy to overlook the degree of organization and focus the group has in regards to attracting and recruiting new members. The Al Qaeda Manual is a document that professes the purpose of the group, and what is expected of its new members. The depth of conviction that the manual proclaims illustrates the danger that the organization poses to innocent...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Analyzing Al-Qaeda

...Terrorism takes its root from the events of 9/11 which was the activity of the famous terrorist group by the of Al-Qaeda. This international alliance consists of sunni jihad militant groups. Roots of Al-Qaeda can be traced back to Osama bin Laden, around the time of the Soviet departure from Afghanistan in 1989. Al-Qaeda's motives include the end of foreign influence in Muslim countries like Palestine, Iraq, Afghanistan and the creation of a new Islamic caliphate in the world. Al-Qaeda has been termed as a terrorist organization by the United Nations Security Council, the European Union, North Atlantic...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay


...A Defence for Al-Qaeda Can the indefensible be defended' For many the actions of Al-Qaeda are indefensible, represent an assault on common decency and respect for human rights, the rule of law and the rules of military engagement. Responsible for dozens of terrorist acts including the infamous hijackings of September 11th 2001, Al-Qaeda remains perhaps the most notorious terrorist network in the history of the world. Despite this, Al-Qaeda and its leader Osama Bin Laden enjoy a global following among disenfranchised and disaffected Muslims around the world. Can the actions of...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Al Qaeda

...: An Assessment of Group Motivations and Capabilities in a Changing World; Publisher: RAND (Cragin and Daly, 2004) Using the 'Indicators of Terrorist Group Intentions' in the evaluation of the manual retrieved by law enforcement officers in a suspected Al-Qaeda apartment in the United Kingdom the table below shows: Threshold of Anti-U.S. Sentiment for the Al-Qaeda manual Numerical Value Association with another terror group that seeks to target U.S. citizens and Institutions 2 Targeting U.S. citizens and/or property to pursue a local agenda 4 Al Qaeda is a highly capable group and has demonstrated any...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Al-Qaeda Network

...Al-Qaeda Network On September 11, 2001, al Qaeda terrorists attacked the World Trade Center, the Pentagon and Pennsylvania in the United States. This event put the threat of terrorism on the front pages of newspapers and forced it to the forefront of people’s collective conscious on a worldwide scale. It certainly was not the first act of terrorism based on ideological principles but was dramatic and impressionable. Most Americans had no knowledge of the terrorist organization al Qaeda until 9-11 and fewer still understood the motives of this Muslim fundamentalist group to perpetrate such a heinous act against the U.S. According to...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Profile of al-Qa'ida and Analysis of U.S. Homeland Security Domestic Policy

...Evolution of Al Qaeda. Singapore: International Center for Political Violence and Terrorism Research, Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies (IDSS), Nanyang Technological University. Justice, D. o. (n.d.). What is the USA Patriot Web. Retrieved July 1, 2010, from Department of Justice Website: http://www.justice.gov/archive/ll/highlights.htm Kenneth Katzman, C. R. (2005). Al Qaeda: Profile and Threat Assessment. US: The Library of Congress. Newmann, W. W. (Sep., 2002). Reorganizing for National Security and Homeland Security. Public Administration Review, Vol. 62, Special Issue: Democratic Governance in the Aftermath of September 11, 2001 ,...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

Evolution of al Qaeda

...Evolution of al Qaeda (College) (Faculty) Terrorism remains to be one of the biggest challenges many countries across the world face today. Although most of the terrorist activities in most countries are carried out by homegrown or domestic terrorist groups, some are perpetrated by well established external groups. One of such terrorist groups with a global presence is al Qaeda. Throughout history, the al Qaeda movement has been characterized by successes and failures; increases in terrorist activity and setbacks. However, al Qaeda is still a major threat to global peace and stability....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Al-Qaeda terror

...Reply The posting s that MNF-I and USF-I have done well in the fight of Al-Qaeda terror group. It is true that Sunni al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) were terrorizing the Shi’a tribe. One of the deadliest attacks by the Sunni Al-Qaeda was at the al-Askari Mosque situated in Samara in February 2006. The Al-Qaeda group not only killed the population, but also destroyed the mosque. Iraqi Security forces were unable to control the terror group. MNF-I came to rescue of the Iraqi citizens after it was mandated by the U.S. President George Bush on January 10, 20071. The posting also points out that...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Al Qaeda in Yemen

...Al- Qaeda in Yemen Introduction: The Arab spring has created a complete panic and havoc in the Middle East. Yemen is one of those countries that has come in the line of fire of this revolution. Yemen has been the center of attention is in the headlines due to the internal unrest. This unrest has come about in the form of toppling of the elected president, the rebels group and the Al-Qaeda operating in different appearances. The rise of Al Qaeda has posed different questions with regard to the safety of the neighboring countries, primarily Saudi Arabia, United States of America and its war against terror and Al-...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Evolution of Al-Qaeda for FREE!

Contact Us