Family, school, prison and identify the variables which most explain the violence This paper focuses on violence in the family and concerns itself with violence prevalent in close interpersonal relationships…
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This paper analyses the above stated types of violence within the family and uses the categories of violence (physical, sexual, psychological, and neglect) as the background. Violence refers to the deliberate use of physical force or power, whether threatened or real, against an individual, group or community. Violence has the potential of resulting in physical injury, death, psychological illness, low growth and development, as well as deficiency. One of the common approaches adopted in the understanding of violence is the formulation of a typology, which categorises violence into physical, sexual, psychological, and deprivation. Family violence is a serious social problem that confronts the society of today. Family violence diffuses geographical, socioeconomic, racial, and ethnic barriers. Family violence refers to any conduct by a person whether actual or threatened, towards the property of, or the person of a family member which the member to sensibly fear or be anxious about his/her wellbeing. Family violence characteristically involves fear, harm, intimidation, and emotional deprivation. Similarly, this may also incorporate verbal abuse, threats, harassment, and controls of behaviours of other members.There exists an array of explanations for family violence, namely: biologic/organic, psychopathological, family systems, social learning, and feminist. Biologic Approach The applicability of biologic theories on the field of family violence is controversial. The propositions advanced by this approach in the field of family violence have limited support owing to weak empirical evidence. Biological theories explanations on family violence are based from analysis of physiological arousal and neurological assessments of the perpetrators (Karstadt and Elsner 2009, p.4). One of the explanations provided by biological theorists on the causes of family violence is the gene-based explanation. This approach holds that women abuse arises from a male’s preservation tactic, activated when right circumstances presents themselves such as when the man feel threatened that his mate could draw and maintain a better partner. Researchers maintain that, even though biological factors do play some part in perpetuating family violence, they cannot solely explain the phenomenon unless it is integrated with other non-biological factors. Psychopathology Approach Psychopathology approach borrows heavily from biological theories but elevates psychodynamic variables over organic variables. This approach places a lot of emphasis on childhood as well as other events that shape people to become perpetrators of violence. This approach explains that family violence may arise from a combination of other interpersonal problems on top of functional deficits manifested in non-family settings. Karstadt and Elsner (2009, p.6) observe that, some of the surveys conducted on psychiatrist diagnoses such as borderline and anti-social personalities indicate that those who exhibit the features have a higher inclination to family violence. Psychopathology places immense emphasis on the importance of understanding historical origins of current behaviour so as to gain some footing in intervention. This contradicts the widely held notion, which interprets male violence as merely power and control driven whereby the society strengthens the behaviour. Systems Approach System theorists pay attention to the numerous and
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The United Nations clearly defines violence towards females as any action of gender related abuse that brings sexual, physical, psychological suffering experienced by women. Unfortunately, the UK is not exception to that. Some statistical reports highlight that forty five percent of women have experienced domestic violence.
1. Introduction Violence is often an integral part of society and living that is neglected at most levels by both the aggressors and the victims. This is all the more true when relationships in schools especially large school environments are considered. The creation of large secondary groups in larger schools often promotes an environment where the faculty, staff and children are largely disassociated from each other.
Women, Violence and Mental Illness. In the long story of humanity, women have been relegated in the periphery of the human story, her voice, and story stifled and hidden, while history has been written. In fact, until the seventeenth century women are not considered as human beings as they lack the energy that makes the human being a human being –rationality, thus; they are not human enough (Gilligan, 1982).
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It is high time that we, as a global society, realized that our methods for reacting to the increasing violence, not only in our respective cities and countries, but to the international violence of countries against one another, are flawed and need introspection.
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In order to understand the issue the topic has been introduced with a background of the issue. In the introduction, different types of abuses have been mentioned in order to explain the readers about the severity of the problems. Domestic violence is the
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