Nobody downloaded yet

Peer Groups in Adolescence - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Peer Groups in Adolescence Peer groups are social groupings that although not exclusive to adolescence, more prominently characterize this stage in human development – Several studies assert (Berndt, 1979; Britain, 1963; Young & Ferguson, 1979) the high receptiveness of adolescence to peer groups (as cited in O’Brien & Bierman, 1988, p…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.3% of users find it useful
Peer Groups in Adolescence
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Peer Groups in Adolescence"

Download file to see previous pages 571). The peer groups in adolescence impact not only at home, in the school, but in the society as a whole. To better understand this, the following issues are examined: 1) Definition of peer groups, 2) association of peer groups with adolescence, and 3) impact of peer groups in adolescents’ life. Peer Groups Defined Peer groups can be immediately qualified as informal groups, because they are not legally registered and they are not bound by a constitution and by-laws. Instead, their formations and operations are all achieved informally. As defined, peer groups are social groups of people of the same age and status (Brym & Lie, 2010, p. 71). Observably though, there are some peer groups which composition vary in age and status, especially in this age of globalization wherein diversity is the social call. Another defining characteristic of peer groups is their sizes, structure and stability, from which Cotterell (1996) has categorized them as cliques, crowds, and gangs (p. 23). Clique, as the basic peer group in adolescence (Cotterell,1996, p. 24), is an exclusive smaller group within a larger group, formed based on its members’ similar interests, views, purposes and patterns of behavior, exchanging among themselves gifts of friendship, affection or information (Kolaczek, 2008, p. 241). Thus cliques provide the earliest experience and involvement in developing concepts of social norms in peer groups (Cotterell, 1996, p. 24). Although smallest in size, clique is the most intimate perhaps because its small composition allows closer, more personal, and easier interaction among its members. Thus Brown (1989) defined cliques in adolescence as friendship-based group or “interaction-based clusters of adolescents who spend more time with each other than with other adolescents and who tend to share similar attitudes and behavior” (as cited in Ennett & Bauman, 1993, p. 227). As such, interactions in cliques are more intensive and more emotional (Rubin, Coplan, Chen, Bowker, & McDonald, 2011, p. 324). Some examples of cliques could be a group of students belonging to top ten class achievers that excludes non-achievers or members of musical bands that exclude those are not. Crowds, as Rubin and colleagues (2011) have defined, are ‘reputation-based collectives’ of individuals who are similarly type-casted in ways they all share. Unlike cliques, they are organized more spontaneously and they operate more loosely that members are not that familiar with each other and some of them may not have even interacted with one another. Nevertheless, crowds oftentimes provide adolescence the social status and social identity it badly seeks. (p. 324) Wentzel (2005) has described typical adolescent crowds as, ‘populars’ – academic achievers or delinquents; ‘jocks’ – atheletes or alcoholics, the alienated group – poor academic achievers, delinquents especially the ‘druggies’; and ‘normals’ – average students with no delinquent records. (p. 283) Gangs, also known as street groups, are distinct to adolescence, which Klein (1971) has referred to as ‘the gang age’ (as cited in Cotterell, 1996, p. 31). Gangs are expressive groups that oftentimes attract media attention more negatively, as media more commonly portray youth gangs based on law enforcement data of youth violence (Esbensen & Tusinski, 2007, p. 21). Cotterell (1996) has suggested two criteria by which gangs can be ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Peer Groups in Adolescence Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Peer Groups in Adolescence Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1443099-peer-groups-in-adolescence
(Peer Groups in Adolescence Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Peer Groups in Adolescence Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1443099-peer-groups-in-adolescence.
“Peer Groups in Adolescence Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1443099-peer-groups-in-adolescence.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Peer Groups in Adolescence

Analysis adolescence

...by peer pressure. This is sometimes reflected in their choice of clothes, slang, entertainment and consumption change. They are often afraid to be left-out or “not belong” to the group so they will do what their peers are doing. ‘Popularity in the social group, accomplishment or failures in school, how one looks over the other of the same age, can cause anxiety. There is a social and family pressure to plan for further education and to decide on the work that one will enter and the adolescent is seldom clear about what he or she wants to do’ (Rice, 1992). Moreover, because of peers, adolescents are often among the first...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Middle and Adolescence Development

...of friendly group. The number of friends during this age is greater than any other age. This formulation is also similar to Maslow’s need for belongingness. The middle age peer relation concerns for the communal needs of acceptance by peers and avoidance by rejection. These communal needs include, affection, intimacy companionship, support etc.(Buhrmester, 1996). The adolescent shows increased influence of peer group than a middle childhood. During the transition period, the children usually reject old friends and come to new relations. Girls are more likely to accept new friends than boys. The middle childhood friendship is based on...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Peer to Peer

.... Thus provides a set of nodes if connected by peer. The BOINC platform consist a website that help to maintain the membership and allocate other computer related task. The log in system, account management and payment is managed by the Skype that contains a centralized website. In order to transmit content or other computer applications, resource-intensive is utilized. In fact, centralized P2P system can give organic growth and plentiful resources. However, the same degree of scalability and resilience is not offered. This is due to the availability of potential bottleneck controller forms and initial attack point. The individual organization with the help of controller can easily manage the partly centralized P2P...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Peer to Peer Networks

...Peer to Peer Networks Phanish Chandra Department of Mechanical Engineering The Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India -732101 royalphanish@yahoo.co.in P2P Networks are as old as the Internet itself (D. Milojicic). The original design of the Internet was centered on a Peer-to-Peer system. ARPANET connected its first few hosts as computing peers with equal status and not in a master/slave or client/server relationship. In 90s, it has been known with different names (network computing, distributed computing). Applications like Microsoft's NetMeeting, IRC, and AOL messenger, were always using P2P concepts. The so called early "killer apps" of the Internet, FTP, Telnet and Web, of the Internet made it more and more restricted... to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Adolescence victimization

...of the mentally impaired. In truth, the condition of adolescents with mental disabilities is vulnerable to the different negative aspects in the environment. Also, the human tendency to value superiority worsens the issue on mental incapacities. Indeed, the prevention of adolescence victimization is a process that entails stages of mental development. 2.2. Social Victimization Graham and Juvonen (2001) defined social victimization as the experience of harmful attacks against peers. In most researchers, peer victimization has been linked with the occurrence physical attack, verbal attack, social exclusion, and spreading untrue rumors. Since most...
21 Pages(5250 words)Essay

Peer Influence on Individuals Behavior

...Peer influence on individual behavior Introduction Peer influence can be described as the process through which children nurture each other’s attitudes and behavior, resulting into conformity within the group. Since youngsters spend most of their time with peers, as they achieve liberty from their parents, much of the study on peer influence centers mainly on adolescence. At this particular time, adolescents begin to select their peers based on interest instead of convenience. This cohort is particularly vulnerable to influence from their peers since they are more dependent on them...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Psychology Adolescence

...principles and values. As it relates to adolescence, the theory states that adolescents operate at the conventional level. At this level, morality is usually determined by the existing social norms in the society. Since adolescents desire to be viewed in a favorable light, their decisions are usually aimed at winning the approval of the people whose opinions matter in their lives such as peers. In real life, this usually happens in situations whereby adolescents go to the extent of engaging in crime in order to impress their peers (Darlon, 2007). Erickson’s self vs. personal identity, role confusion vs. identity and parent-teen...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Adolescence

...Adolescence In the Article, the focuses on the issue about self-esteem during the adolescence period. The writer begins the article with the description of different high-esteem families and low-esteem families. The writer further mentions that low-esteem in families can affect the relationships in a family thereby breeding violent family members. The writer discusses these so that he can indicate how family esteems can influence the self-esteem of an adolescent (Shpancer). The writer then goes ahead to explain the key self-esteem drop at the stage of adolescence. This is the most fascinating part of the article. The initial drop of self-esteem in the...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Adolescence to early adulthod

...opposed to their parents and associating more closely with their peers. Minors look to their peers for direction on what is right and what amounts to a wrong. In most cases, they group themselves based on their characteristics they share with others in a group and will usually spend most of their time in groupings. Intimacy also increases in friendship during adolescence. Peer relationships can affect an adolescent positively or negatively. Some positive influences associated with peer relationships include improving of social skills and improving of competency in areas of interest for...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper

Adolescence

...-understanding in that: While children learn from the reactions of others, more so the family members, internalizing the expected standards in the very process, adolescents show higher-order reasoning about the self and its qualities, with peer relations taking precedence away from familial relations in terms of assessing personal competence. They, more often than children use social comparative mechanics while evaluating themselves The physical aspects of the self increasingly become less and less important as the psychological aspects take over with more important inner reflections and introspections. With more understanding of the self-understanding, they are more likely than children to note and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Peer Groups in Adolescence for FREE!

Contact Us