Juvenile delinquency, gangs, youths in gangs - Term Paper Example

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Insert name Tutor Course Date Introduction However one may define juvenile delinquency, it is an indisputable fact that it is a reality in the United States. Juvenile delinquency is a term used to refer to participation of minors [anyone below the legal age or the statutory age of majority] in illegal behavior or acts…
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Download file to see previous pages States or other body politics as independent legal systems have different prescriptions and procedures for handling juveniles. Some of these provisions include juvenile court and detention centers. There are some jurisdictions where legislations have been made to lower the age of criminal responsibility even to as low as 14 years, for serious crimes or/ and for repeat offenders. Just as attaining a legal framework for tackling juvenile delinquency is difficult, so is understanding the clandestine and dark world of juvenile delinquency, as shall be seen in the discussion which ensues forthwith. The Widespread Nature of Juvenile Delinquency Statistical data indicate that in all parts of the globe [with the United States being the only exception] have experienced a surge in youth crime, since the 1990s. In Western Europe alone where there is plenty of data on juvenile delinquency, arrests of juvenile delinquents and under-age offenders experienced an average increase by 50% between mid 1980s and 1990s. Since 1995, the Commonwealth of Independent countries, countries in Eastern Europe and countries in transition have experienced a rise in juvenile crime levels, by more than 30%. ...
Research on delinquency produced three key findings which are: chronic delinquency offenders make a small group and is the group that is responsible for committing majority of serious juvenile crimes or offences; two groups of youthful offenders who become distinguishable when their antisocial behavior commences; and youths who begin to dabble in juvenile delinquency at an early age have a tendency not to specialize in any specific kind of antisocial act. Possible causes of juvenile delinquency There are different theories and schools of thoughts on the causes and conditions for the formation of juvenile delinquent trajectories. There are those such as Avelardo who see economic and social factors as being the drivers of juvenile delinquency through their negative consequences such as political instability, economic crises and the weakening of institutions such as public education, the family, public assistance, the criminal justice system, or even the state itself. Socioeconomic instability is often concomitant with low income and persistence unemployment among young people (Avelardo, 635). There are those who see socio-cultural factors as being behind the complex interplay which culminates into juvenile delinquency. This is because, delinquent almost always occur in socio-cultural settings wherein the norms for values [acceptable behavior or human habit] have been degraded. In this case, the values and common rules which inhibit people from engaging in vices may become less relevant to some members or subcultures of the society. A society which undergoes rapid modernization without making room for its cultural heritage ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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