The Effects of a Personality Disorder - Research Paper Example

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Introduction Personality disorders are some of the most debilitating psychiatric diseases that affect significant proportion of people in the globe. Numerous research studies have demonstrated that personality disorders impacts negatively on the physical and psychological functioning of the patient…
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The Effects of a Personality Disorder
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Download file to see previous pages Arthur and Paul (86) define personality disorders as “patterns of rigid, maladaptive behavior, thoughts and emotions associated with how an individual responds to life experiences. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of American Psychiatric Association fourth edition DSM –IV TR (APA 59) defines personality disorder as “a rigid and lasting pattern of inner behavior and experience that deviates noticeably from the expectations of the affected person’s culture. Personality disorders occur mainly during adolescence and early adulthood stages, and the condition stabilizes over time causing intense suffering to the afflicted person for long period. In severe cases, people afflicted with personality disorders develop significant mental and physical impairment that completely limit their ability to undertake normal activities (Beck, Freeman and Davis, 34-36) The severity of personality disorders on a patient depends on the type of the condition. Personality disorders are classified into three categories, namely cluster A, B and C. Cluster A consists of three main personality disorders, namely paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal. Cluster B comprises of histrionic, narcissistic, antisocial, and borderline personality disorders. ...
Patients suffering from the schizoid personality disorder demonstrate a high pattern of detachment from social relationships and a constrained medium of expressing their emotions (Martens, 40). Therefore, schizoid individuals are characterized by unusual aloofness, passivity and isolation from people. Individuals afflicted with schizoid personality disorder lack the desire and enjoyment associated with close family relationships and strong inclination to undertaking solitary activities. In addition, the patients have low interests in sexual activities and they do not derive pleasure in most activities that other people enjoy. Moreover, schizoid patients are indifferent to criticism and praise demonstrating emotional detachment instead. Although many patients suffering from schizoid personality disorder have friends, they prefer engaging in solitary activities (Martens, 38-42) Patients suffering from schizotypical personality disorder demonstrate most schizophrenic symptoms but they are less severe. According to Arthur and Paul (130), schizotypical patients demonstrate sever social anxiety and significantly peculiar or eccentric appearance. In addition, they have a tendency of talking in vague and abstract manner with odd emotional expression. When shizotypical patients express emotions, the expression does not correspond with the situation or content at hand and they might laugh in a sad or serious event. Mentally, schizotypical patients demonstrate bizarre thinking patterns while displaying a normal and healthy disposition (Arthur and Paul 155). Individuals suffering from paranoid personality disorder are extremely distrustful of other people (Beck, Freeman and Davis 80). Afflicted individuals ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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