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Abortion, Infant mortality, Life Expectancy and Literacy: A Comparative Study of America and China - Essay Example

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Abortion, infant mortality, life expectancy and literacy are some key social issues which affect America and China. Although China’s economy is amongst the world’s leading, when it comes to social subjects it falls back in a marked manner…
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Abortion, Infant mortality, Life Expectancy and Literacy: A Comparative Study of America and China
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Today, one of many horrific practices against the child, is that of abortion. Abortion is the premature termination of a pregnancy, killing the unborn child by ejecting it from the womb. Children are a sacred gift of life. As a consequence of abortion, untold unborn generations are decimated. The crux of this polemic touches on realms such as belief systems, the political legislation, religious tenets and human rights. The pro-life perspective argues that sanctity of the life of the child and the child’s rights, validates the humanity of the fetus, and promotes sustained anti-abortion legislation. On the other hand, the pro-choice perspective rallies for feminist’s rights, degrades the fetus to an agglomeration of cells until birth and agitates for the legitimization of abortion. Unfortunately the repercussions of abortion are manifold: the death of the mother, the death of the child, the guilt of abortion and medical complications which lessen the likelihood of pregnancy. The murder of the unborn child is a crime against humanity, as such is considered an act of infanticide. This social issue that arises from abortion pressures lawmakers to legalize a crime which ruins the motherhood experience and mars the psyche. This offense deprives the child of enjoyment of the beauty of life. With this violation against a child, death occurs as the fetus perishes.
In 1995, the number of legal abortions in the USA summed to 1,365,700 with a 22.9 rate out of 1000 pregnancies of women aged 15-44; and a 25.9 ratio out of 100 known pregnancies. In that same year in China, 7,930,000 abortions are conducted with a 26.1 rate out of 1000 pregnancies of women aged 15-44; and a 27.4 ration out of 100 known pregnancies1 In 2007, China reports an abortion rate of 24.2 per 1000 women 15-44 years. Conversely in the United States, the abortion rate in 2007 stands at 20.8 per 1000 women aged 15-44 years2. In China, abortions are legalized and facilitated by the government for women. Also due to the overpopulation crisis in China, the One Child Per Family law mandates the lessening of number of members per household. One of the tragedies befalling motherhood is the experience of a child's death. Unfortunately, there is an undercurrent of tragedy because of high mortality of newborns not only during pregnancy, but also in birth. Death of newborns among pregnant mothers is still common worldwide. Infant mortality can be attributed to such factors as sudden death infant syndrome, insufficient nourishment, and contracted illness. In China the infant mortality rate among toddlers less than 1 year is 33.1 per 1000 live births from 1995-2000. From the years 2000-2005, the infant mortality rate among female babies drops to 31.9 per 1000 live births. For the male babies less than one year, the mortality rate is significantly less with a 23.6 mortality rate from 1995-2000 and 20.4 from 2000-20053. Information has been released stating that the majority of the causes of death among Chinese neonates are instigated by “pneumonia (15%), birth asphyxia (16%), birth complication (17%); congenital abnormalities (10%), accidents (11%) and sudden infant death syndrome (5%)4. In the USA, reported infant mortality is much less than that of China. The infant mortality rate among female American babies less than one year old from 1995-2000 is 7.3 per 1000 live bir ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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