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Post-War Changes in London - Essay Example

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An essay "Post-War Changes in London" discusses and outlines the key changes which have taken place in the population, economic, and social structure of London over the post-war period and it shall identify the key social and spatial divisions in London.   …
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Post-War Changes in London
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Post-War Changes in London

Download file to see previous pages... Since the end of the Second World War, Britain, in general, has gone through various changes in its ethnic composition, primarily involving its minority population. In 1951, their minority ethnic population was at 800,000, and in 2001, those numbers have ballooned to four million. Although the increase in ethnic population has relatively been distributed across Great Britain, the largest concentration of their population – about 29% -- can be found in the Greater London area; in two boroughs in this area, their numbers have reached 50% of the population and in the rest of Britain, their population is thinly distributed. Large-scale immigration from various ethnicities and races were seen in the post-WWII period and the ethnicities were more diverse, thereby causing major cultural effects. With advances in medicine, the increase in population also manifested a more or less equal growth population among men and women, and later, a growth in the population of the elderly. Moreover, the average life expectancy rates in London and in Britain also manifested an increase (Black, 2003). Large-scale immigration from the West Indies and South Asia, as well as Eastern Europe, became very much apparent. The 1970s saw the Hindu, Muslim, and Sikh population in Britain increase to 375,000 and by 1993, more than 1.6 million Muslims have been registered (Black, 2003). This is a major change from before WWII where the minority ethnic population only represented a small number of London’s general population....
This is a major change from before WWII where the minority ethnic population only represented a small number of London’s general population. Since WWII, the movement of people into London representing various ethnicities and nationalities have grown and their numbers now represent larger communities in the city (CD Network, 2010). Immigrants from Commonwealth nations like Jamaica, India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan also increased in number in London and their entry into the city significant changed the look and the face of the city, making it one of the most ethnically diverse places in the whole of Europe (CD Network, 2010)). The integration of these migrants into the city had its own violent history to tell and racial tensions emerged in the form of the Brixton Riots in the 1980s. The expansion of the city was negatively affected by WWII and the introduction of the Metropolitan Green belt did not help matters (Thomas and Roberts, 2002). Metropolitan Green Belt In the mid-1960s, the old County of London and the London County Council were eliminated and this gave way to the larger Greater London, established by the new Greater London Council (Thomas and Roberts, 2002). The population of the Greater London area declined in the years following the Second World War; however, their numbers increased yet again in the 1980s highly supported by the positive economic performance and image of the city (Thomas and Roberts, 2002). In 2016, the London population is set to reach about 8.2 million (GLA, 2002). London has managed to bounce back from its declining population, to an impressive rate opposite to continuing declining rates seen in areas like South Yorkshire, Greater Manchester, and Merseyside which continued to experience declining populations in the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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