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The research has identified that since the structure-functionalists believe that society is essentially a sum-total of harmoniously functioning social constituents such as norms, customs, and traditions etc embedded in other organically functioning interrelated subsystems such as individuals, interest groups, and communities, any structural-functional theory will view drug abuse as a social pathogen which disrupt the harmonious function between other interrelated subsystems, such as family, society, country, economy, healthcare, etc of the society. The author has rightly presented that the problem of drug abuse and addiction further direly affects not only the individuals but also the whole society. From a sociological perspective, drug addiction affects the society on two levels: individual levels and collective level. On the individual level, an addicted person suffers from various health and social problems. But on the collective levels, it tends to affect the whole society putting its various organization and institutions, such as the economy, political systems, under excruciating pressures. According to the social pathology model, drug abuse can be deemed as a sickness that stifles the normal workability of any parts of the society, such as family institution, religious institution, economic, educational, and political institutions, etc. Indeed the structure-functionalist theory also views the drug-addiction affected part of the society as a malfunctioning social subsystem. It often emerges as a response to the malfunction of other social institutions. For example, if a family institution, economic institution, etc do not function properly, the deficiencies in the workability of these institutions will result in the increase of the rate of drug addiction and the crimes related to it. In the opposite fashion, social problems like drug abuse often contribute to the dysfunctions of these social institutions. The structure-functionalist view, the solution to the social problem of drug abuse lies in the members’ reception of “proper socialization and moral education, which may be accomplished in the family, schools, churches, workplace, and/or through the media”. From a structural-functional perspective, it is both the direct and indirect consequence of the disordered social structure, of which a family is an indispensable and a crucial role-playing part. In modern urban society, a family which holds the constructive values and morals is a declining institution with diminished influence on its members. But a psychological explanation is rather complementary to this socio-criminologist explanation of drug abuse.
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(Drug Abuse As a Social Problem and Its Impacts Essay)
“Drug Abuse As a Social Problem and Its Impacts Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1438075-drug-abuse-as-a-social-problem.
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