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Symbolic interactionists contend that society is possible because human beings have the ability to communicate with one another by means of symbols. They say that human beings act toward people, objects and events on the basis of the meanings being imparted to them. In structural functionalist, perspective sees society as a system. Functionalists identify the structural characteristics and functions and dysfunctions of institutions, and distinguish between manifest and latent functions. Functionalists also typically assume that most members of the society share a consensus regarding their core beliefs and values. On the other hand, conflict theory argues that the structure of society and the nature of social relationships are the result of past and ongoing conflicts (Hughes 2). The premise of symbolic interaction is that humans use symbols to understand and interact properly with natural and social world. Symbolic interactionism is a theory of social cognition, which models human interaction among significant concepts like identity, language, meaning, labeling and roles. Humans base their interpretation or reaction to symbols on social interaction with others (Victor). In relation to the theory, alcohol and other drugs are the symbols used as a language to exchange meanings and interactions, thus creating social relationships. People use alcohol and other drugs as a symbol wherein they can share common feelings towards one another and it can be a feeling of joy or sadness. These symbols are viewed as either favorable or unfavorable in the society. Nowadays, alcohol and other drugs are viewed as favorable because majority of the members of the society indulges to the effects of these symbols whether it is therapeutic or not. A.R. Radcliffe-Brown, a British social anthropologist, as cited in “social structure,” gave the concept of social structure a central place in his approach and connected it to the concept of function. In his view, the components of the social structure have indispensable functions for one another—the continued existence of the one component is dependent on that of the others—and for the society as a whole, which is seen as an integrated, organic entity. His comparative studies of preliterate societies demonstrated that the interdependence of institutions regulated much of social and individual life. Radcliffe-Brown defined social structure empirically as patterned, or “normal,” social relations. These rules bind society’s members to socially useful activities. In contemporary times, the consensus of the majority in view of alcohol and drugs are illegal and deviant to the society because of its effects when it is abused. An individual is thought to be a product of inter-related social functions including the family, church, school, etc and all these believe in the dreadful effects of alcohol and drugs to every human being who abuses the use of it. The stated social functions then are expected to contribute in building and forming an individual towards a life accepted by the society and within the norms of society and this does not include the use and
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The ill-effects of alcoholism have borne out evidently in census figures.Apart from alcoholism another lurking danger is other drug abuse. Drugs like Heroine, coke and ganja has increased to a great extent. Now, even students get access to these dangerous drugs and this is how many lives are ruined. According to the research and reports by Australian institute for health and welfare (Australian government), the drug abuse has propagated heavily since 2004.
First body paragraph highlights controversial debate over the use of drugs by the government at the same time when government fights against it. Second body paragraph includes a brief view of the policies and laws proposed and implement by the government of the USA in the war against drugs. Third paragraph discusses claims and arguments of the individuals who are against illegalization of drugs. Conclusion includes an outcome of the argumentative discussion over legal and illegal use of alcohol and other drugs by the government of the US.
In the article, Wesley has used various angles to point at the impact of drug use to school absenteeism. The thesis of the author is that the use of alcohol among high school students leads to increased absenteeism, which is responsible for lower academic grades, and which consequently, influences the economy in a negative manner.
Lets discuss some of these major addiction related models in a slight detail now (DiClemente, 2003).
According to the moral model of addiction, substance and drug abuse is viewed as breaking of the society based values and rules by the abuser or the
This is just a better illustration that alcoholic drinks gained popularity thousands of years ago. There is a great connection between the mind’s emotions and the physical body. This serves to create a sense of
me a serious and prevalent problem among the police force, it is very hard to find statistics on among this group because many police officers are who suffering from addictions do so in silence (More, 5). Research indicates that approximately 90% of police officers use alcohol
e lowest capacity, alcohol abusers at the workplace increase their colleagues’ workloads, cause lower productivity, affect product and service delivery qualities, and in overall view, the employer’s image is tarnished while their health care demands and absence from work