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While lobbying against this culture, women termed the practice as infringing on human rights and were torturous to women (Rogers 2007, p. 15-30). Furthermore, it was seen as perpetrating the patriarchal dominance of men. In his ideology about truth and right, Foucault comes up with a triangle that relates power, truth and right to each other. He questions the significance power has in ensuring that the right thing is done. According to Foucault, power has to be cultivated and must emanate from the truth. Without the truth, power can not function as truth is its basis. Furthermore, Foucault deduces that people must pursue truth as they do wealth, since wealth can not be produced without power. Power dictates how people go about their businesses, how they live, what they do and where their real destiny is. People do what is right and it is determined by what power they wield inside them. Foucault and his followers defined rights as being the product of where it hailed from and the perception of the people in that particular area. Many societies believe that what is right to them is the general definition of the word in the universe as a whole. For instance, when it came to enforcing as law the criminality of female genital mutilation, legislators were faced with the task of doing the right thing without offending most of the parties involved. The power wielded by most politicians is what brought the legislation to most western world parliaments for debate, and it is the same power, belied by the sense of doing right, that made them do away with what was referred to as a great source of darkness to many women (Multicultural Victoria 2004). It was not a secret that Foucault detested the Marxism and socialist running of affairs of his country during his time. He was known to openly oppose and criticize norms that were thrust to societies without realistic justifications. In a way, he was seen as being conservative in his thinking, preferring to apply logic and tradition to what he believed in; the truth was a fundamental basis of what Foucault set his beliefs on. Foucault and his followers believed that the truth was realized after periods of war and conflict, and the calm that followed thereafter. This was because Foucault analyzed the concept of truth from historical events, customs and continuity of societies, as opposed to what he referred to as philosophico-juridical discourse, which defined truth from its origin, rationality and through laws set up by society (Foucault 1980, 25-55). While most of society viewed power as being contained to certain areas and oppressive, Foucault viewed power as being able to produce some good, but unachievable in its ideals. The truth of what female genital mutilation and its effect on women were witnessed first hand by many of its opponents; that it violated basic human rights, and more so of female members of the society and this propelled its abolition in most countries (Victoria act 2004). Law cannot exist without the truth or the right thing being done. These are the bases of any forms of legislations in any country that values its citizens. The law is drawn and implemented by people who wield power in the society. These are mostly legislators, voted into their positions of power by citizens who believed that the law makers will be truthful and make the right decisions on their behalves. Most laws are formed, and according to Foucault, they have a historical experience as their origin (Foucault 1977, p. 50-60). This means that an event or a series of happenings had to have occurred in order for laws to be put in place. In the cases of female genital
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Discipline and Punish is a treatise on the development of methods of punishment and their implication as tools for the exercise of power and control over the individual to compel obedience and compliance. It is divided into four parts. The first part is on Torture, treating on the body of the condemned and the spectacle of the scaffold.
This study aims at examining the power of language using the same and how to approach with these limits of language and which is the answer to solve them: intercultural dialogue. Dialogue is a mediator factor because opens the chance form two or more parts and express emotions are expressed without necessarily using words.
The play starts with the king entering his retirement phase and provoking his daughters to fight for inheriting his legacy. Cordelia being his youngest and loving daughter find it hard to proclaim the love for her dad and remains in a dilemma. Cordelia detest being in the act of deception to obtain all the glory and vanity of her beloved father, and yet skeptical about the way to show her affection to her father.
Then there is the investigation of truth. A person should know what is really going on and what he is expected to do or say. He should question the things around him, his beliefs and religion in order that he finds a logical and rational explanation behind everything and finds out the truth as it is.
It came into force in 1953, and it established the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). This body was instituted to protect parties who felt that their rights were being violated as per the Convention by any party covered therein1. Recently, there have been calls by certain organizations to have all abortions, smoking in cars banned in various regions in Europe.
With time, people begin to succumb to their inner desires of going with the flow and accepting certain immoralities within their lifestyle just to be able to get what they want. Money is a very big factor that has completely changed the way people look at ethics and morality these days.
There are various types of international customary laws which states recognize. Some of these laws rise up to the class of compelling law (jus cogens) when they are recognized by all states as able rights that are not derogable. All states are bound by the international customary law in spite of being signatories to these laws through treaties or domestic laws.
Methods of punishment from centuries gone by have changed in present times. This is evident from the writings of Michel Foucault, which are referred to by Conquergood and Anderson in their respective essays, Lethal Theatre and To Die Down to Death. Foucault described the public torture and execution of Damien, who had made an attempt on the life of Louis XV in the 16th century.
Foucault was well known for his books. His famous ones included Maldie Mentale et Personnalite in 1954, Histore de la Folie A L’age Classique in 1961, The Birth of the Clinic in 1963, The Order of Things in 1966, The