Karl Marx Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Karl Marx Introduction Sociology lies in the bracket of social science and uses various empirical methods to investigate and critically analyze and develop knowledge concerning social activities of human beings. It can be referred to as the study of a given society…
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Western philosophical ideologies and knowledge constitute the origin of social analysis. Emile Durkheim is known to have established the official scholastic sociology and positivism as to be the basis of practical-social study. Western philosophical ideologies and knowledge constitute the origin of social analysis (Ashley & Orestein, 2005). Marx’s Contributions and Personal Opinions I concur with Karl Marx’s theoretical approach to sociology. He, unlike other philosophers, did not only use philosophy to interpret the world but also wanted it to change. He can be considered as the true father of modern socialism, communism and sociology as a whole. I believe social setup and democracy are rooted upon conflicts emanating from the society. This is the same notion that projects Marx’s perspective on conflict theory on sociology. In his argument, he indicated that, with time, the oppressors will be stripped of their power. Through their effort, the oppressed will be granted their rights. Thus, social change will be realized. Constituents of the society must work coherently and in harmony, in order to attain the perfect functional society. Karl Marx viewed norms and institutions to exist as one organ working coherently and in harmony towards attaining the correct function of the wider society. I believe that determinism, conversely, tends to oppose free will just as Karl Marx indicates that every action is facilitated by a preceding one. In reference to Karl Marx and his influence on sociological perspective, I establish four sociological deductions i.e. determinism, conflict theory, functionalism, and action theory. According to conflict theory, as deduced by Marx, there exist a clear cut between radical and conservative theories, both of which are derived from functionalism. The former acts an alternative to the later. Karl Marx deduced that, in any given society, two major social set ups coexist. These social groups are the ruling class and the subject class. The ruling group draws its supremacy through ownership and management of production forces. The theory goes that the subject class is exploited and oppressed by the ruling class. This results to a disagreement between the two communal classes. The ruling class uses various frameworks of society such as law and politics as its instruments to demonstrate thus furthering its stake. In this context, Marx observed that western societies were established on grounds of primitive socialist, capitalistic communities and feudal and prehistoric social order. It is evident that social change relies upon the presence of conflict; this is further determined by economic change. Seemingly, for economic change to come about there must be a difference, cutting clear between evolved classes, the capitalist and the working class. The capitalist were in control of wealth thus generating sources, whereas, laborers were infringed by being exploited by the capitalists. The process, then, applies from micro to macro levels such as from dynamics of a family to national social set up. According to him, prehistoric societies represent primitive communisms thus are only illustrations of classless communities. Progressively, the rest of the societies from then onwards are categorized into two main classes, class of masters and that of slaves, as referred to in ancient societies, the class of lords and serfs in a typical feudal society. The capitalists and low wage laborers as brought out in the in
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He also favoured the psychotherapy approach and introduced his own method called The Repertory Grid Interview. From these he aimed to revolutionize the field of psychology and this has resulted in a new face of the subject. Personality Theorist- George Kelly Biography Kelly, George A.
She is also a known author of sociologically influential and controversial books (Scott 200). The paper is aimed to explore the life, the contributions, and the views pertinent to the field of discipline. Biographical Information Dorothy Smith is a Canadian sociologist who was born in a middle-class family in Yorkshire, England.
A discussion of the details of her theory shall also be explained, including the implications of these ideas to the nursing practice. The use of her theory in the contemporary context shall also be explained. The impact of this theory on a personal level shall also be discussed.
Through this, they will also be able to gauge what their ethics and moral values are. After having an understanding of these issues, the individuals can engage themselves in communal issues faced by the society at large rather than leading an isolated life.
Much of Piaget’s life was influenced by his father, Professor Arthur Piaget, a man who was dedicated to his works. Piaget’s mother, though an intelligent lady, was neurotic and a difficult person to live with. This reason is said to have influenced Piaget to develop an interest in psychology.
According to studies, metaparadigm concepts of nursing include concepts like humanity, health, nursing, and environment (Gunther, 2011). These are vital concepts as described by nursing theorists. In my personal perspective, these concepts of nursing play an important role in the life and survival of human beings.
aper will also show the issues and concerns that Warren Bennis sought to address in addition to the solutions presented as well as the consequences for not attending to those effects seen on the theories. Warren Bennis is a theorist whose hypotheses depict diverse ideological
In addition, the theory will include a general overview of the theory and practical implications of the theory. The paper also provides current trends and findings that relate to the theory. Finally, the
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