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The States as a Necessary Evil: a Critical Assessment - Essay Example

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The States as a Necessary Evil: A Critical Assessment Name: Class: Date: Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Introduction 2 Social Organization and Order 3 A Coercive Monopoly of Force 4 The State as Belief System 5 The Psychology of Self-Governance 6 Conclusion 7 References 7 Introduction The State, as it exists in international law and common practice today, is a means of social organization which is based in a belief system, operating with elements of a coercive monopoly of force, which contains an inherent threat to personal liberty…
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Download file to see previous pages duction. The “warlord” system can also be related to feudalism and “lordships” which entitled individuals with authority to rule in a region or locality on the basis of the royal system. In this definition, the State plays a critical role in the establishment of justice, and this is typically represented through the codices of law. Thus, the court system and punishment regime represents the manner by which justice is administered publicly in a society, usually with a predisposition to humanistic qualities of equality and fairness according to local standards and morals. The police and military represent the domestic and foreign monopoly of force guarded by the State as critical to its own authority and administration of a region. (Weber, 1918 in Bromley, Clarke, Hinchliffe, and Taylor, 2009, p. 361) Social Organization and Order The State evolved from royalist foundations where authority drew legitimacy from spiritual, religious, or mythological elements to become a “democratic” institution with legitimacy derived from the consent of the governed and participation of the people. The democratic revolutions developed from enlightenment philosophy aligned with science, based in the belief that a rational approach to social organization, which suggested liberties and freedoms to be enjoyed equally, would be an improved method of governance over the mythological and religious reign of the royals, and the inherent inequalities of feudalism as a basis for social order. Therefore, when viewing the State as a means of social organization, it is also fundamentally based in a belief system, like religion, science, or other political ideologies. This belief system competes in a historical environment of many competing systems of organization and emerges successful by occupying the discourse and narrative by which history is defined, as well as the symbolic structural elements of a region, such as its capitol buildings, halls of parliament, courts, banks, etc. which it may also establish through collective resource allocation decisions. The individuals function in a bank with a belief system in money and its power, and similarly in government, for example law enforcement, punishment, and police, people act against others in society who may be committing acts prohibited by law by arresting them or limiting their freedom in other ways, such as is done through regulation, enforcement fines, inspections, or taxes which fund social justice programs. The State exists internationally on the basis of international law and the military force that defends the ideological system from challenge or degeneration. Historically, the State evolves from the royalist system of feudalism, theocracy, and warlord or tribal systems but relates additionally to the extension of Roman law internationally ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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