What is Social Class Social Stratification And Principles of Social Class - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In all societies, material and symbolic rewards are distributed in unequal proportions and every society strives to find an answer to this unequal distribution of resources. Social Stratification is defined as systematic form of inequality…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.3% of users find it useful
What is Social Class Social Stratification And Principles of Social Class
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "What is Social Class Social Stratification And Principles of Social Class"

Download file to see previous pages In days before industrial age social stratification was treated as normal. It was considered that some people on earth are there to indulge in slavery in terms of their race or ethnicity. In the same way it was considered that between male and female, one gender would dominate the other. These sorts of views where inequality in society was considered as natural, there was no urge to investigate on social stratification. (Crompton, 1998, p. 1) The paper attempts to analyze the different perspectives of social class. Social Stratification Apart from the stratification explained above, there is a second view of inequality wherein it is considered as divine structure of society. For example in India there is Hindu caste system. In this system the people of lower castes face many restrictions as they are thought to be ineligible to mix with the higher caste. Thus caste system also gives rise to social inequality. (Crompton, 1998, p. 2) There is also material inequality, which is justified as divine law. It was considered natural that the “best” should be getting the major rewards of the society. Western Europe was basically a rural society from ninth century onwards, where the social status of an individual was determined by the amount of land he owns and the church mainly controlled it. The church had the benefit of both economic and moral strength. The preaching of the church was that God gave land so that people can live on the earth for achieving eternal salvation. The church’s view was that one should not seek for riches as that is considered as greed and poverty is thought to be divine. (Crompton, 1998, p.2) In primitive society, concentration of wealth in the hands of few was contributed to social stratification. Throughout the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, capitalism developed in the Western Europe and in most other parts of the world. The advent of capitalism paved the way for modern society in which the traditional explanations of social inequality were faced with criticisms. (Crompton, 1998, pp.2,3) The concept of inequality due to birth was opposed with the justification that every human being on earth is born equal. This gave rise to explanation of inequality from social perspective. The question arose that if equality is considered as natural condition of human beings and if everyone is gifted with equal rights, then what gives the right to some people to dominate the others. Social contract theorists provided the answers to some of these questions. According to Hobbes (1588-1679), that life in general is nasty and short and is chracterised by war between men of different statures. To maintain peace in the society and to avoid chaos, submission to the situation is the best thing to do. According to Locke (1632-1704), it is the state’s authority to protect the natural rights of individuals in regard to life and property. Rousseau (1712-18) did not believe that social equality could be achieved. According to him, direct democracy can provide the best protection to people. (Crompton, 1998, p.3) Principles of Social Class Every human society of any country has unequal structure of society. In every society, in the past or in the present, there has been unequal distribution of goods and services. From this it can be assumed that some inevitable factors lead to such social arrangements. There are some services in the society that require certain skill from people. There can be talent in many people for performing many services but to convert those talents into skills it requires long periods of training that calls for some kinds of sacrifices. To encourage the people to undergo such trainings they must be promised of equal privileges in the future positions. For instance, in a factory, it is not ethically correct ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“What is Social Class Social Stratification And Principles of Social Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1429769-what-is-social-class
(What Is Social Class Social Stratification And Principles of Social Essay)
https://studentshare.org/sociology/1429769-what-is-social-class.
“What Is Social Class Social Stratification And Principles of Social Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1429769-what-is-social-class.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF What is Social Class Social Stratification And Principles of Social Class

Social Class

...?[Your full February 8, Social A Primary Determinant of a Person's Life Chances Based onsome specific factors, we divide the society into classes. The social class one belongs to is a primary determinant of his life chances. This paper intends to elaborate the fact that an individual’s social class determines what kind of life style he will be offered by the rest of the society. Usually and more specifically, there are three classes in every society: upper class, middle class, and lower class. These classes are “distinguished by inequalities in such areas...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Social class

...by factors such as culture and other social factors obtaining in their respective social environments. Aspects such as cultural and reference groups, family and the social class system impact on the buying behaviour of different people and these should be taken into consideration by the marketers. The study of buyer behaviour mainly draws from psychology with additional inputs mainly from sociology as well as Economics (Lancaster &Reynolds, 1999). Sociologically, the behaviour of people is shaped by factors such as friendship, love, status as well as self esteem among other factors while psychological factors are mainly concerned with attitude and perception developed by...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Social stratification

...? Social Stratification SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Social is a key concept in social stratification. Social can be defined as a cultural or economic arrangement of groups in society. Social class also refers to a concept that centers on various models of social stratification where people are put together in groups of hierarchical categories of social standing with the main ones being lower, middle, and upper class. A social class refers to a set of persons who are in a similar position economically (Levine, 2010). In this system, their occupation is vital since it gives the persons benefits such as health care, stability, and fiscal rewards. People in similar social positions are aware of each other and get information regarding... sports...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Social Class

...Social differences, color discrimination and the division of people into different social andeconomic level have been some traits of social class since time immemorial. Earlier, the social class was in the form of the caste system, in which it was impossible for a common man to change his caste. But after the Industrial Revolution, the social class has transformed into a class system which allows the people adequate flexibility to move above or below their original class. Today a difference in class is generally known as a dividing line between different...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Social class

..., Parsons & Davidson, 304). Under the symbolic interactionism theory, people with a strong commitment to recognizing and esteeming religious principles would find meaning in this pursuit by exposure to these long-standing sociological principles and design constructs. Finding a sense of self beauty through recognition of these religious symbols would theoretically assist in developing a positive self-concept measured by symbolic figures rather than through, necessarily, social interaction with others. Traditional religious beliefs include Confucianism, a passive religious belief system that imposes learning, duty, responsibility and tolerance as part of its model (Zhang & Veenhoven,...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Sociology Applied 4 (Social Class and Stratification)

...Social and Stratification Playing monopoly according to the ‘stratified monopoly’ rules, I played under the lower class. This social stratum in the game represented the parallel social stratum in the United States society as per the game rules. There are certain game rules which provide a mirror reflection of the real circumstance of the people that belong to the lower class in the society. In the game, the lower class has the least amount to inherit to begin the game with. In real life, children born in lower class families have minimal to inherit in terms of money or property. In the game rules, the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Social class

...Social I would see if he/she looks fresh and healthy or not. I would see whether he/she has dyed his/her hair; how stylish, expensive, and branded accessories is he/she wearing; and how he/she is interacting with others. In short, I would assess his/her social class from his/her health, accessories, and behavior in general. One question that I think is the fundamental predictor of one’s social class is one’s annual income, so I would ask him/her how much he/she earns annually. I would ask this particular question because social class fundamentally depends upon one’s income. The more one earns, the more lavish and...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Social Class

...Social Research paper is concentrated on the problem of social and its peculiarities in United States of America. This particular problem is remained to be rather interesting and essential for every social circle in general and American community in particular. Social stratification is considered to be a peculiar feature for our society and way of life. Question of inequality is regarded as an obligatory point in the social interaction. That is why this topic is seemed to be relevant and appropriate. Paper consists of an introductory part, main body and conclusions section. Introduction involves readers to the main facts and concepts of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Sociology: Social Stratification

...to understand why there are social classes and how people in certain classes behave. While social stratification is a known existence, some societies seem more stratified than others which continue to contribute to the mistrust between people from different social classes. In class, we learnt that social stratification has its basis on four key principles. One of these principles we learnt, is that social stratification persists over generations Kraus and Bennett 2014: 2). It was clear because of the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Controls and Deviance, Stratification, Social Class

..., say for example cannibalism. With other groups, cannibalism is acceptable, for most, it is a crime to eat the flesh of the same species. StratificationStratification is grouping the people within the society into different groups based on power and wealth. Social stratification represents the power struggle of the economic aspect of the society. There are three major classes: the upper class, the middle class and the lower class. Social stratification provided a hierarchy of the society based on class, power and status. All societies have...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic What is Social Class Social Stratification And Principles of Social Class for FREE!

Contact Us