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History of Social Thought - Essay Example

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“Marxism has”, Bottomore submits, “brought into existence in many of the socialist countries, whether fortunately or not, conditions of political oppressions and cultural impoverishments which represent in the eyes of many observers, a notable decline from a level of civilisation previously attained.” …
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History of Social Thought
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Karl Marx is one of the most distinguished philosophers and intellectuals the world has ever produced. Social class is the division of groups and individuals living in a social establishment on the basis of political status, financial position, educational background and economic ranking. Having a keen observation and a comparative account of the ancient times civilizations, it appears crystal clear that all human societies, from the most prehistoric ones, belonging to the Paleolithic and Neolithic eras, to the most modern technological societies of contemporary times, have been socially stratified since ever. “From cradle to grave”, Cuber witnesses, “position in the stratification hierarchy is one of the most important facts circumscribing the formation of personality and the freedom of action of the person.” (1959: 432) Sociological researches also affirm the evidence of divergent socioeconomic classes in every culture and civilization even during the prehistoric times. “According to historical and archaeological records”, Tumin observes, “stratification was present even in the small wandering bands that characterized society in the earliest days of man. In such primitive conditions both age and sex in combination with physical strength must have been important criteria of stratification.”The most prominent aspect of the Marxian Theory of Social Class is the existence of conflict between divergent social classes. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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