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Should capital punishment be abolished - Research Paper Example

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Examples of offences on which it is applied include rape and other sexual crimes, espionage, murder, repeated crimes, and treason. It is also carried out as part of martial justice. While it is still common in some countries, others have prohibited its use. Capital punishment is the most severe punishment form and it refers to putting an offender to death. The judicial process applies it on criminal offenders. Some of the approved means through which it is executed include firing squad, lethal injection, hanging electrocution, gassing, and use of the guillotine. In general, this form of punishment offers a very good method of reducing/containing criminal propensities. This is because criminal offenders are an appalling threat to the public. One of the arguments in favor of capital punishment has to do with the morality of executions. When somebody instigates force against an innocent individual, he/she affirms that he/she does not stand for the principle of individual rights. It is an indication that he/she does not want to live among people as a rational being but wishes to be a predator, to other people’s obliteration as well as disadvantage. If the person opts to live illogically, he/she is not entitled to any rights since rights are the result of the man’s nature as a rational being. Other than being an act of fairness for the society, annihilating such a dangerous being is sensible – a person is dealt with appropriate to how he/she acts. The punishment should match the crime. In view

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of proportionality (a notion in justice stating that the reaction ought to fit the action), the deliberate murder of an innocent individual rightly justifies the premeditated execution of the criminal by the state. Without justice, persons may take justice into their own hands (Landauer & Rowlands, 2001). Death sentence is also appropriate since it leads to deterrence. By executing criminals, the state inflicts fear in other potential criminals such that they dread facing execution if caught committing similar crimes (Robinson, 2009). Given that the highest interest of the public is to prevent murder and other offenses, it is necessary to make use of the toughest punishment available, death penalty, to dissuade criminals (Deathpenaltycurriculum.org, 2000). Another reason for the support of death penalty is the fact that it reduces costs. Instead of incarcerating criminals for a long time thereby going through a scrupulous legal system that involves never-ending appeals and delays in pronouncing a death sentence verdict, the government should execute them at once and use its money in more profitable undertakings. Incarceration is very costly and should not be applied on criminals involved in capital offenses. Again, it is very lenient to such criminals (Capitalpunishmentuk.org, N.d). Another argument in favor of death sentence has to do with retribution. This is one of the strongest arguments and it points to a rational reaction to crime sponsored by the state, which is warranted for the reason that when a person commits crime, the victim is the state. In other words, when harmed, the government is warranted to seek out justice in order to re-balance the justice scales that the criminal inclined to his or her benefit while committing the offense (Robinson, 2009). As Cavadino and Dignan (2007) explain, retribution brings punishment to the offender in terms of

Summary

Capital punishment, also known as death penalty, is a very contentious topic. Peikrishvili (2004) asserts that it is a very sensitive subject, touching the deepest instincts of people including the notions of honor, fear, hatred, as well as revenge. …
Should capital punishment be abolished
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