(Assignment) Teenage Pregnancy In medical terms, teenage pregnancy refers to a young girl becoming pregnant before she has reached the age of 20 years regardless of whether she is married or legally an adult. A pregnant teenager is faced with many problems other than the age factor, such as social and economical issues…
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The medical services to the teen mothers and their children are costlier than that of mothers above the age of 20. In spite of having decline in teen pregnancy since 1990s, the United States repots the highest rate of teen pregnancies in the world. It is reported that there had been over 760,000 pregnancies of the young women under the age of 20. The normal public is also affected by the teen child bearing because the problem creates an extra burden to the state, local governments, as well as the tax payers who support them. As Hoffman and Maynard point out, the birth from teen mothers under the age of 18 cost the taxpayers nearly $4billion annually. The society bears more than twice as much as that (381). But the new studies show that national teen child bearing costs taxpayers $9.1 billion a year in United Stats. Poverty is often a cause as well as a consequence for the teen pregnancy. It is one of the factors most related to early child bearing all over the world (Selman). Among the teen parents, sixty percent of them are living in poverty from their pregnancy and forty percent of the teen mothers are reported to have been living in poverty since their childhood. A young female from a below average level family is five times more likely to become pregnant than a woman coming from a family above the poverty income. One third of the unwed teenage mothers do not receive any financial help from their parents. And even the strongest problem of poverty with regard to teenage pregnancy is that children born to teenage mothers are more likely to be born underweight. Study on the teenage pregnancy reveals that there are environmental as well as individual risk factors related to the increased teenage pregnancy. Example for the environmental risk factor is that the teen pregnancy is correlated with the neighborhood where she lives in. Other risk factors related with the environmental condition are the high level of poverty, low level of education, and the high residential turn over. Also families who do not give moral support or supervision become a risk factor. Many individual risk factors cause early childbearing. Some of the individual risk factors are the occurrence of puberty at an early age, chances for getting sexually abused, or having pressure from the partners. Besides, there are other relatively unimportant reasons, but which at last ends up in teen pregnancy like having violent behavior, having poor academic performance, dating at an early age, dating older partners, consuming alcohols or taking drugs. The attitude of the teenage boys and girls has a crucial role in early child bearing. It is said that the males associated with teen pregnancy think that causing pregnancy is a sign of manhood. Or females who have a tolerant attitude towards sex before marriage or who have a negative attitude in using contraceptives. As Levkoff reminds, the parents have a great role in making their children aware of the problems of teenage pregnancy. The parents should make sure that their teenagers are not indulged in premarital sex (“Teen Pregnancy-How Parents…”). They should start talking to their children on how to maintain the sexual relationships. It is the parents who mold the morals and decisions of their children with respect to sex. They should always talk to their teenagers and stay close to them asking what they think of their
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Thus, to call a problem a social problem, there should be a collective unwelcoming to the problem from most of the community. One such social problem is teenage pregnancy which has put the society into a dilemma of what to do with the mother and the unborn or born child, and how to treat with those involved.
In the recent decades, research into this subject revealed that teenage pregnancy can have menacing social and psychological implications. The apprehension is sometimes exaggerated to the point where teenage pregnancy is shorthand for social pathology (Arai 92).
(Cobliner 1994, p. 18)
One of the important issues, relating to the problem of teenage pregnancy, is the sexual activity of young girls, which has become the norm, and not the exception. This tendency is clearly observed in most communities. According to the recent studies, 45% of the girls between 15 and 18 are sexually active, and 36% of them became pregnant in the first two years of their sexual experience.
Recent estimtes show tht pproximtely 12% of ll teenge girls (ged 15-19) become pregnnt ech yer. This paper will examine the data relating to teenage preganancy and analyze the data to understand patterns and trends. Programs related to reducing the incidence of teenage pregnancy will be examined along with their effectiveness.
These point at the question of the growing epidemic of teen pregnancy in the United States (Kegler, MC., Bird, ST., Kyle-Moon, K., and Rodine, S., 2001). The situation of Bristol Palin, daughter of Republican Vice-Presidential candidate Sarah Palin, a seventeen year old unmarried and pregnant teen, has cast a spotlight on teen pregnancy and opened discussions again about current public health policies in the United States (Hawkins, K., 2008).
have an influence on the occurrence of menarche. After a girl achieves her menarche she becomes a potential mother but at an early age this motherhood carries risks to her health and her child's health. This is the reason teenage pregnancy has become a point of debate for a number of societies but the amount of awareness is still not appreciable.
This phenomenon is common in developing countries (Sams par. 1). At present, teenage pregnancy in the US is estimated at around 1 million with 85 percent as unplanned (Sams par. 1). Teenage pregnancy might be a blessing in a developing country but
The obvious reason seems to be that he wants to have his food. Despite the fact that this 14 year old would have no idea about the legal system and law; however, still, we know that it is his legal right to have breast
However, before a solution can be found, the reasons why teenage pregnancies occur must be fully explored. Teen pregnancy rates are so high because of a lack of education within schools, bad parenting techniques, and peer pressure.
Many young girls
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