Nobody downloaded yet

What implications do artificial separation between science and society suggest for the future of scientific and engineering practice - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Modernity, among many things, is also characterised by the conception of science as completely detached from the society. The existing dualism between science and technology presupposes that science is objective while society is merely subjective…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
What implications do artificial separation between science and society suggest for the future of scientific and engineering practice
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "What implications do artificial separation between science and society suggest for the future of scientific and engineering practice"

Download file to see previous pages Modernity, among many things, is also characterised by the conception of science as completely detached from the society. The existing dualism between science and technology presupposes that science is absolutely objective while society is merely subjective. The paradigm of modern science involves the values that advocate and practice the artificial separation of knowledge production from ordinary people, society, nature and other beings. The modern scientific practice, which is a product of mechanical reproduction in the age of Enlightenment, is based on the ideas of technological reproduction, patriarchy, white supremacy, colonialism, Eurocentricism and anthropocentricism. The purpose of the paper is to examine the ways through which the artificial separation between science and society fetters the future and the free development of scientific and engineering practice. The paper would look at the epistemological closedness of the dominant ‘scientific’ practices with relations to gendered, racial, technological deterministic and other hegemonic aspects. The Hidden Unscientific Behind the Scientific Thomas Kuhn (1996) in his magnum opus “The structure of Scientific Revolutions” has argued that every science produces and is a product of a paradigm that corresponds to the norms, values and culture of the society within which it functions. Science changes only when there are paradigm shifts with relations to the general intellect of the society. Such a view offers an historical understanding of science and its complex interrelations with the society. Berger and Luckmann contemplate on the differences between different fields of education and assert that “engineering education can take place effectively through formal, highly rational, emotionally neutral processes while musical education necessitates multiple emotional identifications” (1966, p.133). The supposed neutral space of scientific production can be unscientific in multiple ways as the so-called scientific space is actively related to the social space and the multiple constraining factors active therein. It is true that the spaces of scientific production in modernity are systematically isolated from the existing social spaces. However, it does not mean scientific spaces are completely detached from the social spaces for the simple reason that nothing that engages real human beings can remain out of the reach of the society. The dominant values of the contemporary society such as patriarchy, class exploitation and domination, racial prejudices and discrimination and colonialism are actively reproduced by and through supposedly neutral scientific praxis. Many feminists have raised substantial criticisms pointing out the gendered nature of the scientific and engineering practices. The scientist man not only alters the nature but also women as they are considered as raw material for progress and development and an object for ‘scientific’ experimentation. According to Sismondo, “feminist scholars have argued that because scientific communities have lacked diversity, they have typically lacked some of the resources to better enable them to see aspects of sexism in scientific work. Therefore, standpoint theory, together with the recognition of the social character of knowledge, shows that to increase objectivity, communities of research and inquiry should be diverse, representative, and democratic” (Sismondo, 2010, p. 77). The existing scientific field is not inclusive of subaltern groups such as women, blacks and minorities and it is resistant towards diversity and multiculturalism. The ideal scientist is an American/European White male who has the role of god on the earth. Sismondo is categorical in saying that “the ideology of engineering emphasizes concrete hands-on abilities and those concrete abilities can be valued as masculine. Men can be “ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“What implications do artificial separation between science and society Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1416580-what-implications-do-artificial-separation-between-science-and-society-suggest-for-the-future-of-scientific-and-engineering-practice
(What Implications Do Artificial Separation Between Science and Society Essay)
https://studentshare.org/sociology/1416580-what-implications-do-artificial-separation-between-science-and-society-suggest-for-the-future-of-scientific-and-engineering-practice.
“What Implications Do Artificial Separation Between Science and Society Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1416580-what-implications-do-artificial-separation-between-science-and-society-suggest-for-the-future-of-scientific-and-engineering-practice.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF What implications do artificial separation between science and society suggest for the future of scientific and engineering practice

Scientific Breakthrough and Its Implications

...Scientific Breakthrough and Its Implications Introduction: Scientists and engineers across the world are known to make new breakthroughs and discoveries for the ultimate benefit of the world, for making the lives of the general masses of people more comfortable and easier. For this purpose different scientists and engineers can be found to continuously put their tremendous efforts and practice to come up with solutions to the different problems that individuals face in their day-to-day lives. Such activities might take long periods of time that such scientists or engineers devote to their work and hence bring out effective outcomes...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Science and Scientific Change

...criticized Kuhn for portraying scientific change as an irrational process, one of them being Imre Lakatos. In this paper, I shall focus on the debate between Kuhn and Popper, as emphasized by Lakatos in his Falsification and The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. I shall divide this paper into four main parts: the first part will discuss Popper’s views on science and scientific change. Part two will be devoted to Thomas Kuhn’s analysis of the irrationality of science and paradigm shifts. The third part will synthesize the Popperian and Kuhnian debate. Here I will introduce Lakatos’ critique against Kuhn. Finally, I shall end...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Science-Engineering - Robotic Technology

...Science-Engineering - Robotic Technology I would like to inform you about the progress of my endeavors. It is evident that my Science-Engineering-Technology project has helped me to comprehend the essential engineering concepts. I am focusing on the utilization of robotic technology in schools. By doing this project, I have enhanced my comprehension of the utilization of such processes in schools. The objective of my project was to prove that the technology has been helpful in the current education system (Rueckert & Joaquin 29). To get effective results for my project, I gathered facts gathered by teachers and students of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Engineering Practice

...of ethical practices. By providing proper training to the employees (kaushal, 2008, p.68). Through Counselling. In the context of this topic Engineering and management are both relevant areas of study. Now Engineering can be defined as a profession where there is knowledge of mathematics and natural science gained through theoretical, practical studies and experience, is applied to develop different forces of nature for the welfare of people (Wright, 2002, p.21-22) . Whereas Management can be defined as a process of planning, designing and controlling the environment in which persons, working together in group, successfully accomplishes their desired...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Engineering Science

...Engineering Science Assignment III Compare the actual resonant frequency obtained from the graph with thecalculated value. Using the formula, the calculated value of the resonant frequency is 1/ 6.283 * 10-3 = 159.2 HZ. Due to limitations in the resolution of the measurement equipment, the table indicates a band of frequencies where the maximum current seems to indicate resonance. However, we can approximate the frequency of resonance from the chart by finding the median frequency of the peak current values for each value of R. R=0 Median Frequency = 155 HZ R=500 Median Frequency = 155 HZ R=1000 Median Frequency = 160 HZ R=1500 Median Frequency = 160 HZ The measured values from the table were all within...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

The Future of Artificial Intelligence

...in the future society, and addresses the lack of a tangible body to manage the development of computer software. The supplementary research further establishes that engineers will have increased ethical and political responsibilities in the development of artificial intelligence systems in the future. 1.3 Scope of the Study The projections discussed here are provided both by technology experts and concerned non-experts. "Computer systems will continue to get more powerful, and will become increasingly ubiquitous in the future, making the standards of development of artificial intelligence a salient topic in modern...
85 Pages(21250 words)Essay

IS POLITICAL SCIENCE SCIENTIFIC

...be studies as ‘behavioral actions’ also.. …behavior--what people think, and decide, and do--drives some of societys best achievements, as well as some of its worst failings (Carpenter, 2000). However behaviorists too accept the limitation of viewing public policy wholly in the domain of human behavior. At all of these levels, behavior can be explained--but in each case its a partial explanation. Weve reached a point at which many people have concluded that no single level of analysis can really take us far enough. (Duster quoted by Carpentar, 2000). There are only certain aspects of political science that can be explained though behaviour analysis. But subjecting, the whole course of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Implications of Engineering Decisions

...Implications of Engineering Decisions Solar energy is an important aspect of energy source whose utilization has not been maximized. It provides the best alternative to fossil fuels and a considerable solution to the carbon emission problem (Beard et al., 2507). The engineering works on the design and construction of the greatest solar bridge in the world which is in UK is a great breakthrough. In an attempt to come up with a cost effective system which meets environmental requirements, engineers meet a lot of challenges related to cost and environmental conservation. The Blackfriars Railway Bridge project in central London is expected to cover a wide area but will only...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Engineering science

... Response to Question 2 a) Considering the circuit diagram shown, it is clear that the there are resistors connected in parallel and there are those resistors connected in parallel. A parallel circuit is composed of resistors arranged with heads connected together, and the tails connected together. Considering the circuit above, the three resistors (R1, R2, and R3), voltage across all of them is the same. Noting that the total resistance of resistors connected in parallel is found by summing up the resistance values reciprocals, and finding their reciprocals, effective resistance (Rf ) shown as 1/R1+1/R2+1/R3= 1/Rf . Hence for the three resistors in parallel, the effective resistance Rf = 1/7+1/12+1/14= 50/1 68. Flipping... Response to...
4 Pages(1000 words)Speech or Presentation

Implications for the Future

...effects of air pollution. The society will continue to enjoy a clean environment thus increase in their pro-environmental behavior in order to limit the chances of suffering from air pollution effects and to preserve a clean environment for the future generations. How technological advances have affected the environment During the past years, technology has played a vital role in the environmental conservation and pollution. During the industrial revolution in Europe, the use of fossil fuels increased due to the improved technology at the time. The engines consumed a lot of fuels thus, emitting contaminated gasses inform of smoke to the environment. The smoke polluted the air and led to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic What implications do artificial separation between science and society suggest for the future of scientific and engineering practice for FREE!

Contact Us