We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

How does Foucault explain the emergence and persistence of the prison - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
This paper summarizes the way that Foucault explains the emergence and persistence of the prison by looking at his presentation of a) the historical origins of prison b) the most important features of the prison in the last two hundred years and c) the cultural importance of the prison in the modern world which ensures it will persist as a key feature of modern societies.

Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER

Extract of sample
How does Foucault explain the emergence and persistence of the prison

Download file to see previous pages... The opening pages of the book Discipline and Punish narrate a historical event which spells out the cruel nature of punishment in the middle of the eighteenth century in France. In those days criminals were often tortured and then executed in public. This created a spectacle for others to watch and even the reading of the text is a very uncomfortable experience, because it does goes into great detail about the physical torments of the prisoner. He is beaten and his body is pulled apart, before finally being burned, and the worst part is that the prisoner is conscious through most of this and talking to his tormentors, the priests who minister to him, and the onlookers who are gathered there to watch. For a modern reader this quoted historical text is very shocking. Foucault appears to be using this example in the opening pages of his book is to set up vivid contrast between the punishment of that time and place, and the type of punishment that is used in modern times. During the French Revolution and its aftermath, there was continued use of the guillotine, again stressing the aspect of public spectacle, and though these examples are presented from a particularly French point of view, they represent attitudes to punishment that were very common across Europe in those days. In Britain hanging was the preferred method of punishment, and here too, public viewing was allowed until well into the twentieth century. After his narration of this barbaric execution, Foucault describes the way that prisoners are dealt with in Paris some eighty years later. Instead of physical punishment through beatings and torture there is a rigid timetable of getting up, moving from place to place, doing certain activities, and above all submitting to the constant control of the prison guards, all to the sound of a drum beat which announced the next chapter in the day’s programme: “… the fact remains that a few decades saw the disappearance of the tortured, dismembered, amputated body, symbolically branded on face or shouldter, exposed alive or dead to public view. The body as the major target of penal repression disappeared.” (Foucault, 1995, p. 8) For Foucault this is a major change in the way that society sees the human being, and instead of imposing physical pain and public humiliation on wrongdoers, there is a shift to a more subtle form of control, and to a process which is hidden behind bars and prison walls. The main feature of the modern prison is control. The human body is still the focus of punitive retribution, but it is now a question of on-going control and suppression, rather than immediate destruction: “If it is still necessary for the law to reach and manipulate the body of the convict, it will be at a distance, in the proper way, according to strict rules, and with a much ‘ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
'Discipline & Punish (Foucault, 1975) is not just a history of the emergence of the prison but a history of the emergence of a
In a sense, Foucault’s work summarized his essential ideas on philosophical anthropology and political theory by giving a rich and in-depth discussion on the concept of control as the main impetus for the formation of modern-day prison. Specifically, Foucault’s thesis that described the idea of control as the key influencer for the creation of the penal system had allowed him to reinforce the fact such system only favored one specific social group, that is, the elite.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Outline and explain how Foucault questions previous histories of 'knowlegde '.Discuss in relation to criminology
He was born in Poitiers, France and died from AIDS in 1984. Foucault was openly gay and knew he had AIDS. Nonetheless, he never seemed bothered since he openly told his friends about his condition. In addition, Foucault continued to work tirelessly spending the last times of his life working on his work on ‘The History of Sexuality’ which he released just before his death.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Foucault
Foucault's wide range of influence ranging from history, to psychology, philosophy to politics and freedom is synthesis of his upbringing, education and very intense thinking. His analysis of the mind in relation to power has been a subject of immense appeal to modern thinkers.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
The Treatment and Rehabilitation of Offenders: How do you explain the emergence of a what works movement in the 1990s
Societal views held that what was being used was not working. Methods in an attempt to rehabilitate the offender simply were too broad and general in nature. What worked for one person did not work for everyone. Although
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Healthcare organization
“safety culture that practices a set of values, beliefs, and norms about what’s important, how to behave, and what attitudes are appropriate when it comes to patient safety in a work group. Organizations with effective safety cultures have a constant commitment to safety as
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Give an account of how you would prepare and deliver an effective oral presentation in which you are required to explain some key ideas of either a) jean Baudrillard or b) Michel Foucault
many names that have created such immense influence over people to introduce a complete change in the thought pattern of a whole generation at dynamic rate. Michel Foucault, the revolutionary French philosopher is one such figure, who with the exercising of his intellectual
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Consumption and production feed into peoples identities today. Referring to relevant theories from the Frankfurt school, Foucault, Marxism and others. explain how this relation works in practice and who benefits from it more: consumers or producers
The paper basically elaborates on the relation of the production and the consumption sector and aims to find out, through the discussion of different theories, the relative
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
What Role Does Religion Play in Sociology and How Does it Effect Our Everyday Lives Or Does It Explain
ocieties, the influence of religion in social life seems to be diminishing whereas in countries such as Afghanistan or Saudi Arabia, the influence of religion in social life is increasing. This paper analyses the role played by religion in our social life. Before doing some
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Discipline & Punish (Foucault, 1975) is not just a history of the emergence of the prison but a history of the emergence of a more generalised regime of disciplinary regulation in modern society. Discuss this statement
These ‘general politics’ and ‘regimes of truth’ are the result of scientific discourse and institutions, and are reinforced (and redefined) constantly through the education system, the media, and the flux of political
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
The soul is the prison of the body (Foucault, 1979). Critically examine the argument that psychology is a performative practice
People bring up children in a certain way so that they pick up certain positive habits. This is somehow a way of programming the minds of these youngsters so that they have a particular perception of life, which they will follow. People often
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic How does Foucault explain the emergence and persistence of the prison for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us