Comparison of the British welfare system with the Swedish and American welfare systems - Essay Example

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A Welfare state is one where the state bears responsibility for ensuring the welfare of its citizens. This welfare includes within it elements like social security, education, health and guaranteeing a minimum standards of living for the citizens of the state…
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Comparison of the British welfare system with the Swedish and American welfare systems
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Download file to see previous pages A Welfare state is one where the state bears responsibility for ensuring the welfare of its citizens. This welfare includes within it elements like social security, education, health and guaranteeing a minimum standards of living for the citizens of the state. The idea of Welfare is based on the principles of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of the wealth of the society and public responsibility for citizen groups that are in some ways in need of support from the state. The objective of this assignment is to compare the welfare systems of Britain, Sweden and United States of America and to draw an appropriate statement of hypothesis from this comparison. Comparative Method: The five main comparative methods for comparing welfare systems are (Deborah Mitchell, 1991) are: 1) Comparison of inputs which compares the resources that go into the welfare system. 2) Comparison of policy which compares the policy behind the welfare systems. 3) Comparison of production which compares the delivery of the benefits and services. 4) Comparison of operations which compares the detailed operations of the welfare system. 5) Comparison of outcomes which compares the impact of the welfare systems on the citizens. Out of the above methods of comparing the different welfare systems, I have chosen the comparison of outcomes method to compare the welfare system in Britain with those of the welfare systems in Sweden and United Kingdom. ...
the welfare support to its citizens .The third type of Welfare state is one in which a certain level of welfare support is guaranteed for all the citizens. Such a type of Welfare system is similar to the one found in Great Britain currently [J Dreze, A Sen, 1989]. The objective of this paper is to compare the British Welfare system with the Swedish welfare system and the United States welfare system. The Swedish state follows the Nordic model of welfare system. The three pillars of the modern Nordic welfare system are: social security, health care and free education. The welfare system in Sweden is more universal as it provides coverage to almost all the citizens of the Swedish state. The British Welfare state is on the other hand modeled along the lines of Beveridge model. In the Beveridge model the welfare system focuses on those with greater need [ H Wilensky, 1975]. Social security is a social insurance program which provides social protection or protection from socially recognized adverse conditions like poverty, old age, physical or mental disability, unemployment et al. The coverage under the British welfare system has become extensive over the years but benefits and services provided are at low levels. The social security is provided in Britain through five main types which are: social insurance, means-tested benefits, non-contributory benefits, universal benefits and discretionary benefits. The Swedish healthcare system is closely linked to social insurance. This means that everyone who works and lives in Sweden enjoys access to heavily subsidized health care services. The philosophy guiding the United States welfare system is modern liberalism. Modern liberalism holds that positive rights like healthcare and education are requirements for individual liberty. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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