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Corporal Punishment: A Cultural and Legal Dilemma - Essay Example

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Corporal Punishment: A Cultural and Legal Dilemma Essay Name of of Professor Table of Contents Section Title Page Number Introduction 3 The Debate 4 Comparison between Western Societies 6 Parental Rights and Corporal Punishment 11 Conclusions 14 Introduction Even though corporal punishment has been prohibited in numerous countries, there are still many where in it is prevalent, in fact approved by the public as a means to discipline children…
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Corporal Punishment: A Cultural and Legal Dilemma
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Download file to see previous pages On the contrary, the punishments against a parent physically hurting a child at home are much less harsh. Corporal punishment in the home is currently unlawful in several countries, although this was much more difficult to establish as a law than a prohibition on corporal punishment in schools.1 However, the state will usually not intervene and prosecute unless the physical punishment was of a much more severe nature. Definitely mild spanking would not be considered as reasonable basis for prosecuting the parent.2 Approval of corporal punishment can differ because of cultural values and traditions. Cultural approval of corporal punishment seems to be deeply rooted in some Western countries like United States and the UK that parents who do not exercise it as way of disciplining their children feel compelled to either say they do use it even they do not or justify why they refuse to do so.3 Some researchers discovered that parents who refuse to use corporal punishment “tended to avoid the problem by recasting things in a culturally acceptable way, for example, by saying that they only spank ‘when necessary’ and leaving out the fact that they never found it necessary”.4 This essay analyses and discusses the clashing views amongst society about whether or not corporal punishment against children should be allowed in the modern day and era. The Debate The exercise of corporal punishment is one of the most debated traditions of parenting. Even though the impact of corporal punishment on children remains under extensive empirical investigation, less emphasis has been given on why parents physically punish their children in the first place. Existing studies show that the causes of corporal punishment are diverse, including parental traits and values, child attributes, cultural standards, and so on.5 In Western countries, such as the United States, UK, and Australia, the idea of the ‘bad’ or ‘problem’ child as manifested in the exercise of corporal punishment still persists to bring forth controversy as shown in studies and media accounts. Advocates of the exercise of corporal punishment, like Dobson (1970), have claimed that too much tolerance or lenience, both in school and at home, has worsened social ills like disrespect for authorities, deviant behaviour, and substance abuse.6 The standpoint supported by Dobson is that teachers have the right to uphold order and exercise authority in the classroom “... even if it requires an occasional application of corporal punishment”.7 The proponents of corporal punishment support the following arguments. First, corporal punishment is less harsh or inhumane than other forms of punishment and has less detrimental impacts than other practices. Second, corporal punishment is compatible with the beliefs of numerous parents and strengthens stability between school and home. Third, corporal punishment supports the notion that some misconduct deserves such punishment which society should carry out. It establishes definite rules for appropriate behaviour. And fourth, the use of corporal punishment is a very effective method of discouraging misconduct.8 On the other hand, critics of corporal punis ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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