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A granular review of Contemporary Theorist - Term Paper Example

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This paper is geared towards presenting a sociological analysis of the reality of the day today life as presented by Berger and Luckmann.This paper presents in details the knowledge that plays the guiding role of the manner in which we do conduct ourselves on daily basis…
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A granular review of Contemporary Theorist
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A granular review of Contemporary Theorist

Download file to see previous pages... This paper is geared towards presenting a sociological analysis of the reality of the day today life as presented by Berger and Luckmann. To be more precise on this issue, this paper presents in details the knowledge that plays the guiding role of the manner in which we do conduct ourselves on daily basis, and more so specifically targeting how this reality- as crafted by these contemporary theorists- do appear in different theoretical viewpoints to individuals, and for this case intellectuals. Among the most promising perspectives of connect social psychology with sociology has over the time been the sociology of knowledge as is formulated by both Berger and Luckmann in their book The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. The logic of this is arguably very simple where these contemporary theorists argue out that the society ought to be perceived in its duality; as an objective and a subjective reality. Despite the fact that the objective social; reality is a function of social action, it actually appears to an individual as both separate and independent from the individual. On the other hand, the subjective social reality is made up of the consciousness that an actor has, molded in ubiquitous processes of socialization and thereafter sustained and modified in interactions of a daily basis. In this duality presented by these contemporary theorists, the seeming Durkheim and Weber’s dichotomy becomes reconciled and what remains is the basic sociological theory question of how possible it could be for the subjective meanings to become objective facilities (Berger & Luckmann, 1967). However and in an effort to make certain that intricate philosophical reflections are kept at bay, Becker and Luckmann avail definitions of the principal terms from the natural attitude point of view. For their purpose, they actually define reality as a quality that has a bearing to phenomena that we recognize to being independent of the volition individuals do have. In the view point of these contemporary theorists, knowledge refers to the certainty that phenomena is real and besides are in possession of specific characteristics (Lewis, 2010). The world-shattering idea in this case being declaring common sense knowledge as the dominant emphasis for the sociology of knowledge, since traditionally, the sociology of knowledge had been solely engrossed within the history of ideas. Nevertheless in this contemporary world, this field has to concern itself with each and everything that is passing knowledge in the society (Berger & Luckmann, 1967) In the viewpoint of Berger and Luckmann, reality is socially constructed and sociology is under obligation of studying the ways through which the above-mentioned is done. These theorists have actually resurrected the phenomenological analysis of the life world of former theorists like Alfred Schutz- who used to clarify the same the fundamental sociological concepts in terms of institution and role. As a matter of fact, Berger and Luckmann have availed us with a new-fashioned synthesis of Weber and Dukheim’s as well as Gehlen and Plessner’s mead and philosophical anthropology. In their (Berger and Luckmann) illumination of the media through which social order is objectified, signs, symbols, typification and habitualization among others have availed deep-seated intuitions into the fruitfulness of human interaction (Eberle, 1993). The manner in which they do present an analysis of the relationship existing between social institutions and the symbolic worlds of meaning, which legitimizes them presented ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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