This essay declares that the study of sociology requires different paradigms that take different theories. Theory enables sociologists to have multiple methods of conceptualizing the society. The angle upon which we explore social theory is called a paradigm. …
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From this discussion it is clear that Karl Marx is perhaps the most renowned German thinker and political activist was born in 1818 in the ancient city of Trier, in Southwestern Germany, Marx’s father was a prosperous lawyer, a Jew who converted to Lutheranism. Marx was a student of law at the University of Bonn. He later went to Berlin, where he began to study history and philosophy. While in Germany, Marx joined a group of radical thinkers known as Young Hegelians who developed a strong critique of the philosophy of Georg W.F Hegel. Hegel’s philosophy of social change gave Marx the basis of his theoretical system and historical materialism.This report highlights that by the middle of the 19th century, the industrialization that began in Britain a century earlier was spreading so fast throughout Western Europe. There was an increasing wave of technological advances in transportation, communication manufacturing which spurred an explosion in commercial markets for goods. This led to modern capitalism and the rise of middle class owners of capital. With rapid expansion of industrialization, there was a rapid urban migration, leading to the distortion of traditional agricultural life among most families. According to Appelrouth, manufacturing was soon going to rival and then surpass the numbers working in agriculture. Marx emphasized private property as the innermost institution of a capitalist society. In a capital society, a small segment of the population controls wealth and power....
This led to modern capitalism and the rise of middle class owners of capital. With rapid expansion of industrialization, there was a rapid urban migration, leading to the distortion of traditional agricultural life among most families. According to Appelrouth, manufacturing was soon going to rival and then surpass the numbers working in agriculture (Appelrouth and Eddie 2008: 25). In his reaction to this stage of social and economic development, Marx came up with a theoretical model intended to both interpret the world and change it (Appelrouth and Eddie 2008: 25). In doing so, he centered his analysis on capitalism, alienation, and feudalism. Marx emphasized private property as the innermost institution of a capitalist society. In a capital society, a small segment of the population controls wealth and power. Because of this arrangement, two classes are created in the society: The owners of capital otherwise called the bourgeoisie and the working class also known as proletariat. He analyzed the relationship between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat as an inherently exploitative one. The bourgeoisie make profit by inadequately paying the working class. This way, the proletariats are exploited in both body and soul. They have no control over the products that they make Appelrouth and Eddie 27). To him, capitalism is a process that entirely prevents the working class from realizing their essential human capacity to engage in creative labor while the owners of capital get better in their system of ownership and wealth accumulation. Marx then went on to argue that capitalism was the source of alienation, which is the separation of the individual from either the preconditions or the products of labor.
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As the discussion highlights Marx does not have much on religion; thus his view is not well known to the public. He does have his opinion aired on the words he once uttered in regard to religion, “Religion is the opium of people.” Marx defines religion as an item created by man and one that is the consciousness of humans.
As the report declares in the social theory point of view, he firstly defines a society as coming up with an institution that constitutes unequal power and dominion relations. Secondly, a society to him is structuring of social interactions in a social institution and again as process of converting linguistic structures into social interactions.
However, the discussions gravitated towards politics specifically the massive cuts in public spending as announced by British Chancellor George Osborne. The group decided to express their resistance to this policy by way of supporting corporate tax avoidance starting with a plan to occupy a Vodafone shop in Central London.
He presented nine epochs of history which provided a naturalistic vision of societal evolution. His tenth epoch of the future stated that inequality between classes and societies will be eliminated. He then reasoned that this will result in the improvement of the
The author discusses the theory of anomie by Emile Durkheim and his views on punishment and its functional role. In the end the paper compares the views of both these great thinkers and presents the conclusion. The purpose of punishment is to give justice to the victim and to discourage other people from following the same action.
This study, Compare and contrast Durkheim’s and Marx’s analysis of Punishment in Modern Society, discusses the theory of anomie by Emile Durkheim and his views on punishment and its functional role. In the end the paper compares the views of both these great thinkers and presents the conclusion.
According to the report, Marx, Weber and Durkheim, more importantly, some of their conflicting ideas can be found similar in their original concept. Thus, Weber had several similar concepts to Marx, though they differed in many essential questions, and it is possible to compare Durkheim with both Marx and Weber.
According to the paper, Marx’s understandings into actors and organizations must be understood in the setting of his assessments on human nature, which is the source for his critical study of the inconsistencies of capitalism. In his opinion, an illogicality exists concerning our human nature and efforts in the capitalist organization.
According to the report since 1800s, capitalism within the society has gradually becoming more evident as compared to the previous times. Because of significant development in capitalism, urbanization and industrialization took place during the early part of the 19th century. The gap between the social classes of people started to widen.
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