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Social Institutions - Essay Example

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There is a common relation between medical sociology with the other patterns of sociology that share related areas of medicine and health. These features would be analyzed in the paper to be discussed.  The different sociological theories discussed in the paper can lead to separate views…
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Download file to see previous pages During the past decade in the 20th century, discussions related with the sociology of health care and medicine to be a separate form of discipline along with its practical applications had become more frequent. The major factors that determin“Sociology is the scientific study of groups, organizations, institutions, relationships, and interpersonal behavior. The field of medical sociology brings an eclectic approach to the study of health behavior, professional work roles, and medical institutions” (Kaminskas & Darulis, 2007, pp. 110-111). “In general, sociology tends to focus on basic research, for which practical applications are not always obvious. In contrast, medical sociology has an applied focus which takes researchers into health service settings for on-site data collection and intervention. Medical sociologists utilize applied sociology methods, such as needs assessment and social impact assessment” (Kaminskas & Darulis, 2007, p.111).
We will discuss the impact of sociological theories, Functionalism, Conflict, and Interactionism in health care in this section. We begin with Structural functionalism. Structural functionalism examines the role that a sick person can play in the society. The focus remains on how on being ill or sick, it provides some specific forms in the human society (Kaminskas & Darulis, 2007, p.111). Talcott Parsons is regarded to be the founder of Medical Sociology mostly because of his understanding and description of a “Sick Role”.“Sick Role” (Kaminskas & Darulis, 2007, p.111). T. Parsons’ concept about the sick role presents a clear and a straightforward statement for four basic propositions that outline the underlying normative pattern in physician accessibility by the sick and the corresponding social roles. T. Parsons had not only formed the first basic theoretical concept that would be directly implemented to the medical sociology, but by incorporating the works of E. Durkheim along with M. Weber, he established it within the said parameters in classical sociological theory. His formulation was recognized as “a penetrating and apt analysis of sickness from a distinctly sociological point of view,” (Kaminskas & Darulis, 2007, p.112). T. Parsons had also influenced the concept of studying professions by utilizing the medical profession as a form of role model for all other professions that would be based on expertise as well as carry a service orientation (Kaminskas & Daru ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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