We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

History of Child Labour in the UK - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
This article investigates the issue of child labour throughout the course of history in the United Kingdom. Long before the ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, children have been found to be exploited in the direst conditions, threatening their optimal growth and development. …
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
History of Child Labour in the UK
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
History of Child Labour in the UK

Download file to see previous pages... Society has viewed childhood in various perspectives throughout history. Mayall (2006) theorised that initially children were not considered part of a society but only inhabit a preparatory stage before they are considered contributing members as adults. However, the onset of child labour has changed this perspective. Because children have shown that they were capable of work, they have been treated like “little adults”. Since they were already earning money and were being useful to their families and society, the fact that they were still developing their bodies and minds was overlooked.
The International Labour Organization (ILO, 2012 para 3,) defines child labour as
“work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development”.
This was conceptualised after studying how society viewed child labour during certain periods in history. The United Nations established the Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) in 1989 and had several nations ratify it to ensure that children all over the world are not deprived of their rights.
Cunningham and Viazzo (1996) contend that child labour may have had a long history, even before the industrial revolution. However, due to lack of statistical information, they assume that it became more pronounced and exploitative during the start of the Industrial Revolution. Heward (1993) explains that child advocates and reformists were outraged at the predicament of young children who worked heavily for very long hours. They called for the abolition of child labour but factory reformers called for its regulation rather than its abolition. They reasoned that families could not afford to give up the wages that these children brought in and admitted that textile factories could not function well without child labour (Wistanley, 1995). Implementation of such regulation was not expected to be carried out without proper legislation. Nardinelli (1980) reports that in 1832, the first Factory Act was written limiting the working hours of all children below the age of 18 to 10 hours per day. This was backed up by a report on child labour with harrowing tales of overwork, exploitation and physical deterioration of children as young as four years (Hopkins, 1994). Although the report was met with shock and indignation, a compromise was reached in 1833 prohibiting employment of children under the age of nine in all textile mills except silk mills powered by steam or water. Children from 9-12 years of age could only work for nine hours a day or 48 hours a week provided they were also being schooled, and their working hours did not interfere with their schooling hours. This derived from the idea that although children who were schooled may still be subject to child labour, the number of hours should be limited and minimised (Nardinelli, 1980). In 1842, the Coal Mines Act marked the success of Lord Ashley’s Children’s Employment Commission with a recommendation to forbid all women and children under the age of 10 to be employed under the ground. This was to prevent their corruption and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Child labour and its impact on childhood and child health
This essay aims to explore, analyse and assess the manner in which child labour affects various aspects of childhood and child health, and recommends various intervention techniques, which can be implemented in order to ensure good health, good practices and overall development of children exposed to such labour.
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay
The Impact of Globalization On Labour Markets
The present paper attempts to assess the impact that globalisation possibly had over the labour market around the world. Globalisation is largely characterised by a reduction in the restrictions to international trade which helps ultimately in the movements of commodities as well as resources across international boundaries.
25 Pages(6250 words)Essay
Child Labour
This paper discussed whether child labour should be justified or banned, it draws on normative ethics theory that classify actions according to whether they are morally right or morally wrong, according to this paper child labour should be discouraged and those who violate the rights of children should be brought to justice and punished, people should realise that children have to attend school and be trained in order to become future workers and not exploit them due to their low wage and easy to control nature.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Women in UK Labour Market
The most important changes for women are in education, but that the basic pattern of inequality remains in most aspects of the social structure, from paid work to the household divisions of labour, from sexuality to violence. The most important and enduring consequence of industrialization for women has been the emergence of the modern role of housewife as 'the dominant mature feminine role' Thus a combination of factors which included ideology, the banning of child labour, and restrictions of the employment of women, locked the majority of married women into the mother housewife role.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Report Child Labour
Child labour is anathema to civil society, primarily because it militates against one's sense of fair play. It takes many forms such as child servants (very often without pay), slavery/forced labour, prostitution, illicit activities, as soldiers and in other hazardous activity.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
History of canadian labour
Class culture and the Tavern, 1869-1889”, and “After the Fur Trade: The Aboriginal Laboring Class of British Columbia 1849-1890” we look at what the writer’s have to say about Canadian laboring class. While giving details of each article we shall compare their subject
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Mass media and child labour
This is mainly achieved through the use of the agenda setting theory also known as the bullet theory that work similarly to propaganda. There has been an increase in the number of reports and documentaries based on
45 Pages(11250 words)Essay
Child labour in Bakistan
In essence, the low cost of labor is the driving force is the key incentive for corporations. The presentation consists of very gloomy depiction of child exploitation in Pakistan. The
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Child Labour in Bangladesh
Is there a universal moral code that MNC’s should abide by or does the theory of relativism apply where a company should abide by the rules of the country in which it is in? Many corporations
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Child Labour in Pakistan
Consequently, children are forced to become part of the huge labour division of the country. Although legislation to prevent child labour exists and continues to evolve with the passage of time; the flaws in
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic History of Child Labour in the UK for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us