Sociological Understanding of Modernity - Essay Example

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By looking into the history of the world at large, it becomes crystal clear that change has always brought comforts, joys and delight in human life; it is therefore change has vehemently been welcomed and appreciated by the imperative majority of every society since the creation of first society…
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Sociological Understanding of Modernity
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Download file to see previous pages The second category carries the large proportion of the population, which welcomes the alterations taking place in their natural and physical environment, and subsequently adapt themselves according to the modifications all around them. The third and the last category consists of the fanatics, traditionalists and religious minded dogmatists, who refuse to accept change, and try to stick to the traditional and conventional ways at any cost. Somehow, they fail to resist the charms social change offers to humanity in the form of the discoveries of new lands and regions, invention of latest devices, techniques and equipments and articulation of wonderful theories, ideas and researches at large. Philosophers, thinkers, theorists, writers, scientists and researchers fall in the first category above-mentioned; Marx, Weber and Durkheim also belong to the first category, which not only welcomed the social change taking place in their environment, but also presented their theoretical frameworks by elucidating the positive and negative aspects of the change in their contemporary societies. Although they do not appear to be agreeing or disagreeing with the theoretical frameworks of one another, yet the theories presented by them maintain both similarities and dissimilarities in their nature and scope, which have been discussed as following: 1. Sociological Understanding of Modernity: Distinguished 19th century German philosopher Karl Marx has arguably supported the traditionalism through his works and writings. He asserts the very notion that the traditional ways of agricultural societies had been favourable for the workers and peasants alike because of the simplicity of the means and ways of production. People used to lead simple and contented life, and class discrimination did not prevail in such a manner as it had become in Marx’s contemporary society. Marxism associates modernity with rapid flow of industries, mills and factories, resulting in the devaluation of the workers and downfall of their prestige and respect subsequently. Karl Marx is of the opinion that industrialisation has brought several socioeconomic problems in its wake, which have caused the uneven division of the members of one and the same social structure into upper and lower classes on the foundations of their wealth and resources. Although human societies have always been divided into different classes, yet the fast growing industrial system is depriving the lower classes of their just and fair share against the services they render to their work place. Since the owners of the industries, mills and factories have taken the control of all resources, the workers are deprived of their share in the profit generated by these industrial units. He asserts the division of labour as erected on the foundations of inequality and injustice in an industrialist society, as all strata, in his views, should have equal rights on the resources of their work place, and thus should be granted the amount on the basis of the services they are rendering for the growth and development of the organisation. Modernity in the form of industrialisation, according to Marx, deteriorates a social structure, while change, in the form of a socialist revolution, paves the way towards the betterment ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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