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Human trafficking - Essay Example

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Human Trafficking Name of of Instructor Date Human Trafficking The word “slavery or human trafficking” may conjure up images of African slaves shackled in leg irons abroad European ships sailing across the Atlantic Ocean over 400 years ago, but 21st Century slavery is a social phenomena that entangles and ensnares people of all races, genders, religious groups, and from countries around the world…
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Human trafficking
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Download file to see previous pages The United Nations stated, “Trafficking in person shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion by abduction, of fraud, of deception, or the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person for the purpose of exploitation” (Kungaspunta, 2003; United States, 2002). The definition describes people enslaving people by using coercion and violence as a means of intimidation to gain and maintain control over the lives of others. Human trafficking is a crime, a crime against humanity, a crime against the inalienable human right of another individual, one that is detrimental to the sanctity of life and living. The crime of bartering, selling, abducting, and enticing otherwise innocent men, women and children into the activities of organized criminal syndicates is an international phenomenon of epidemic proportion. The affects of the horrific scheme that reduces human life to a marketable commodity or a piece of merchandise exists in every country and touches the lives of millions of victims. Not only are those that are subjected to the indescribable abuse victimized, but their family members, husbands, wives, fathers, mothers, and children are victimized as well as a result. Because the crime is so widespread and with the appearance of multiplying with no end in sight, the discussion in this paper will examine human trafficking in general using examples of the practice from differing perspectives and various countries. As a note the United States of America is one of the top ten destinations for human trafficking with reports of over 90 US cities being involved in the hidden operations of trafficking people (Hepburn & Simon, 2010). The Social Issue of Human Trafficking Human trafficking is disguised in many forms and is an integral part of modern society affecting international economies and generates an estimated 19 billion dollars annually (CITE). Because of the very nature of human trafficking it is hard to determine the exact amount of revenue the criminal activities generate or how many people are victimized. In a report presented by Hilary Clinton, US Secretary of State an estimate of 12.3 million were victimized in the United States during 2009-2010 (Stocia, 2011, p. 122). The numbers are primarily speculative because of the basic characteristics of the clandestine activities. Hepburn and Simon (2010) reaffirm Clinton’s estimate agreeing approximately 12.3 million people are victims of forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation (p. 2). Depending on the publication the figures range from 12.3 to 27 million victims worldwide. Stocia (2011) describe the complexity of trafficking in human beings to the complexity of the multiple layers of differences in society. Her analogy of human slavery is based on the socio-economic situations in the countries of origin and the co-existence of three layers or levels within the sub-culture: sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, and organ trafficking (p. 123). The most dominant segment within the industry is sexual exploitation. The following map depicts the known routes of the human ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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