Human Trafficking Name of of Instructor Date Human Trafficking The word “slavery or human trafficking” may conjure up images of African slaves shackled in leg irons abroad European ships sailing across the Atlantic Ocean over 400 years ago, but 21st Century slavery is a social phenomena that entangles and ensnares people of all races, genders, religious groups, and from countries around the world…
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The United Nations stated, “Trafficking in person shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion by abduction, of fraud, of deception, or the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person for the purpose of exploitation” (Kungaspunta, 2003; United States, 2002). The definition describes people enslaving people by using coercion and violence as a means of intimidation to gain and maintain control over the lives of others. Human trafficking is a crime, a crime against humanity, a crime against the inalienable human right of another individual, one that is detrimental to the sanctity of life and living. The crime of bartering, selling, abducting, and enticing otherwise innocent men, women and children into the activities of organized criminal syndicates is an international phenomenon of epidemic proportion. The affects of the horrific scheme that reduces human life to a marketable commodity or a piece of merchandise exists in every country and touches the lives of millions of victims. Not only are those that are subjected to the indescribable abuse victimized, but their family members, husbands, wives, fathers, mothers, and children are victimized as well as a result. Because the crime is so widespread and with the appearance of multiplying with no end in sight, the discussion in this paper will examine human trafficking in general using examples of the practice from differing perspectives and various countries. As a note the United States of America is one of the top ten destinations for human trafficking with reports of over 90 US cities being involved in the hidden operations of trafficking people (Hepburn & Simon, 2010). The Social Issue of Human Trafficking Human trafficking is disguised in many forms and is an integral part of modern society affecting international economies and generates an estimated 19 billion dollars annually (CITE). Because of the very nature of human trafficking it is hard to determine the exact amount of revenue the criminal activities generate or how many people are victimized. In a report presented by Hilary Clinton, US Secretary of State an estimate of 12.3 million were victimized in the United States during 2009-2010 (Stocia, 2011, p. 122). The numbers are primarily speculative because of the basic characteristics of the clandestine activities. Hepburn and Simon (2010) reaffirm Clinton’s estimate agreeing approximately 12.3 million people are victims of forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation (p. 2). Depending on the publication the figures range from 12.3 to 27 million victims worldwide. Stocia (2011) describe the complexity of trafficking in human beings to the complexity of the multiple layers of differences in society. Her analogy of human slavery is based on the socio-economic situations in the countries of origin and the co-existence of three layers or levels within the sub-culture: sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, and organ trafficking (p. 123). The most dominant segment within the industry is sexual exploitation. The following map depicts the known routes of the human
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The author states that greed for money and riches has triggered human trafficking where individuals concerned have their victims introduced to their evil ways of making money. The ways include introduction to prostitution and pornography, sexual exploitation in people of diverse ages; that is, children young adults and even the old.
Small children and women are exploited in the sex industry. These victims not only suffer physically but also psychologically .As human trafficking is a multinational setup it is likely to become income generating business for antisocial elements. Human trafficking bears its roots in Slavery .People are enslaved because of debt and are forced to work as bonded labour.
His passport was taken away from him upon his arrival, for "safekeeping". A co-worker who openly complained about the situation was beaten up, and disappeared. His days were enveloped with fear and hopelessness.
A teen-aged girl who ran away from home frequented this public park where fellow urchins hang out.
hich recruitment, transportation and transfer of people occurs and which uses people for purposes of exploitation in order to earn favors as well as money. Human trafficking has centered its attention on getting work done through the illicit use of threats, oppression,
and girls are forced into prostitution, men and boys into hard labor, children into sex slavery and revolutionary soldiering and babies into adoption. Poverty, female prejudice, unemployment, organized crime outfits, corruption and great prostitute demand are main causes.
Human trafficking is an international disaster that affects millions of people daily. Thailand is predominantly disreputable for its high human trafficking volume. Thailand is densely populated especially in the rural areas with about 63,396,000 people. This is approximately 64% of the whole Thailand’s population.
The way the three women were lured into the world of sex trafficking was different, but they all suffered at the hands of the people, running brothels in New York City. Helena is a character, which was seduced by a man, lured to New York City and was then forced to work in a prostitute house. Similarly, Nadia wanted to be a supermodel and ran away from home, directly in the hands of the sex traffickers.
The author states that high rate of missing children in the various countries makes Human Trafficking a global crisis and raises much concern for the integrity of human morals and intention of the traffickers who were stealing children from the countries. The immigration departments at the US borders have loop holes in their organizations.
The author states that human trafficking does not only happen within a country’s. Human traffickers go for the weak and vulnerable members of the society who are mainly women and children. Victims of the acts include men, women and children who are cheated and driven into trafficking, grabbing from them of their power as human beings.
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