Ethics Name Institutional affiliation Tutor Date Ethics The concept of ethics has been a debatable topic over the years. In an attempt to explain the actions taken by human beings in the society, numerous researchers and analysts have come up with the idea of devising theories that explain the various actions and deeds by various persons in the society…
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Universal Ethical Egoism theory The Universal Ethical Egoism theory works with the intention of all ensuring all individuals act in accordance with pursuing personal interests. According to MacKinnon (2010) a person’s ego must be at liberty to choose what is best for them. In the case, of personal freedom and Universal Ethical Egoism theory the individual must be directed towards attaining personal freedom through having an opportunity to allow their interests take the lead. However, just like any other theories, this theory is also faced with the challenges. The major challenge is discerning at what confines the best interests can be measured. For instance, the term ‘ best interests’ does not specify on what measures the interests aim at being achieved. On the other hand, Thiroux & Kraseman (2008) report, what might be pleasurable to an individual at a particular period of time may not imply the same situation is beneficial to the individual. Rule Utilitarianism Theory Rule Utilitarian works on the grounds of, individuals in the society working in accordance to the set of laws and regulations imposed on them by the system of rule (Borchert, 2006). The set rules determine the kind of behavior to be portrayed by these individuals in the society. A practical analysis of the theory illustrates how individuals are forced with the rules and regulations imposed on them by the society. West (2006) indicates that if these rules and regulations are adhered to, by all means, there are chances that there is a great likelihood that, the society will acquire the attributes of maximum utility and that an individual cannot operate on the basis of performing roles that are not permissible in the society. All actions directed towards the right course of action allow individuals fit in the society. Relativism, according to Thiroux & Kraseman (2008) indicates that all views are valid depending on the individual’s perception of the attribute. In the case of ethics, all morals are indicated to be good. However, such views have been indicated to complicate the manner in which individuals think and perceive things in the society. Relativism advocates that, moral values, just like beauty are subjective. All persons are justified to have their own opinions despite the conditions one is subjected to. Confucian Moral Self-Cultivation Theory According to Ivanhoe (2000), the Confucian Moral Self-Cultivation Theory works on the basis of individuals having humanity instincts in them, which allows them, be corrected in times of wrong deeds. He also indicates that, human beings can be taught on various concepts in life whilst in the process of cultivating themselves into almost perfect individuals. This theory mostly emphasizes on the virtues of individuals. Additionally, human beings should be ready to surrender their lives for the sake of fundamental values of the Chinese system. This theory alienates the thought of the existence of a form of god or supernatural being that controls them. Analysis of the theories- conformity to the Rule Utilitarianism Theory Just like indicated above, the Rule Utilitarian Theory works focuses on individuals working in accordance to the set of laws and regulations
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(Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Ethics Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1395085-ethics.
Personal codes of ethics exemplify a relatively new trend, when reflect the striving of individuals to fix their ethical commitments and beliefs on paper. Any personal code of ethics must include rationale, ethical statement, rules, and enforcement procedures.
This necessity is not only driven by precautionary measure to prevent the occurrence of less than ideal business practice that would diminish the stature of the business among its stakeholders, but also as a strategic option because businesses that are perceived to be ethical enjoys the confidence of the market and consequently the customer’s patronage and profitability.
It requires people to consider if their actions are right or wrong. It also asks people how the components that help them succeed, for example, compassion, integrity, faithfulness, and honesty are relevant in everyday life. Ethics looks at the fundamental principles and basic concepts of human behavior.
One of the major aspects that are adopted by firms is the code of ethics. This entails a set of principles that guides a firm in its policies and programs. Ethical philosophy is applied in every department within an organization. This paper aims at discussing the ethical
n than not comes with close contract with deontology that stresses on duty to rules and eventually consequentialism that determines the wrongness or rights from the happenings of a particular action. The approach of moral dilemmas rather than the moral conclusion proves to be a