The report covers the next: ethnic identity and self-esteem; its effects on education; racial identity development models: nigrescence, multidimensional model of racial identity, acculturation theory; the common African American stereotypes; stereotypes and intelligence; the media and stereotypes and so on…
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The study suggests that the influence of peer culture on African American schooling may have a significant impact on African American academic attainment. Fryer & Torelli found that for white teens better grades equaled greater popularity, with straight-A students having far more same-race friends than those who were B students, who in turn had more friends than C or D students. However, they found that Black and Hispanic teens who attend public schools with a mix of racial and ethnic groups, the pattern was reversed: The best and brightest academically were significantly less popular than classmates of their race or ethnic group with lower grade point averages. Thus, the consensus is that popularity-conscious young blacks reject the idea of doing well in school. Moreover, many researchers affirm that some African American students view their peers who make good grades, read books, or have an interest in the fine arts as “acting white”. Thus, these findings indicate that the pursuit of academic excellence may be perceived as a characteristic contrary to their ethnic and/or racial identity. Another explanation for African American academic malfunction is presented by who theorized that many students of color have an understanding of and some have internalized negative images of their race. Thus, these negative images, promoted by the larger society, affect how they perform in school. Similarly, Steel, posit that African American students might not perform well on standardized tests due to “stereotype threat”. This is a phenomenon whereby a student's test performance is thought to be impaired out of fear of confirming a negative racial stereotype. In addition, White & Johnson note that early in their lives minority youth become aware of the fact that they do not inherit the same educational and career choices as non-minority students. This results in these youth not identifying with academics and seeking other means of demonstrating competency and achievement. Moreover, Hoberman writes that the media prominence on African American athletes relative to other professions encourages a de-emphasis on academic achievement.
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(Stereotypes and African American Self Perception Essay)
“Stereotypes and African American Self Perception Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1394939-stereotypes-and-african-american-self-perception.
This study presents a time line analysis of pivotal events and the historical literature surrounding the construction of the identity of the African descendent of slaves. The purpose is to apply the social construction theory to understand how assumptions about African Americans, rooted in slavery and reinforced in popular culture, impacts their overall perception in a social context.
"I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character" (Luther-King & King, 2007) At first glance, the message drawn from a line of Martin Luther's King's renowned "I have a Dream" speech seems straightforward and one-dimensional.
One of the stereotypes of the African American woman is that she is never innocent and always sexually competent. Seeing an African American woman does not evoke the imagery of virginity, a prejudice that has endured since slavery when African American did not have control over the use of their bodies.
Despite the amendments, the southern governments enacted new black codes that authorized the arrest of the Blacks without visible ways of support (the laws enacted were called vagrancy laws), denied Blacks to acquire land, legislated curfew laws, prohibited the
Psychological perspectives on the self (Vol. 3, pp. 137-181). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Helms, J. (1995). An update of Helm’s White and People of Colour racial identity models. In J. G. Ponterotto, J. M. Casas, L.A.
From this paper, it is clear that when teachers use various means of physical punishments for students, it inculcates numerous negative feelings in the students. These include anger, fear, distress, and shame in children. Such feelings are detrimental not only to the mental health of a child but also for their physical health and social well-being.
Although freedom was largely desired by everybody, it came with both positive and negative effects.
Ending slavery meant that African Americans could not be forced to move to different parts to work therefore ensuring family unity unlike during slavery
The stereotypes about the African Americans which determine Black men as criminals and Black women as hypersexual and having little desire to work, add insult to injury, and the situation is deteriorated by the fact that the cultural and political aspect of life of the end of the 20th century have turned out to be rather conservative from the racial perspective.
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