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Researching Community - Assignment Example

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The purpose of this essay is to explore the concepts and approaches that are available for social science and social policy and how these can be viewed in the context of equal opportunities. Equal opportunities suffers from definition problems but is generally considered to be ‘equal competition’…
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Download file to see previous pages The intention of this study is community as a ‘union of will’, meaning that a community is seen as a tighter bond than many others. The other option here is a ‘union of self-interest’, such as a workplace, which does not produce a sense of community. However, there seems to be no one time when self-interest does not play a part in the development of a community. For example, a community of people may gather at Stonehenge, and there will be social ties formed at this geographical location. Stonehenge is often associated with Paganism, history, archaeology and the occult, which means that the people who become the community will probably have shared interests, making it a ‘union of will’. However, there are self-interest involved! Because of the associations named above, those taking part in the Stonehenge community will be there for their own self-interest, such as exploring the history of the area. It is difficulties such as this which make community so hard to define. Community has also been defined as a ‘social network’ in which people feel a sense of safety and are happy in the company. For example, in many geography communities such as neighbourhoods people feel safe enough to leave their houses in the care of another. This is also seen in the success of neighbourhood watch program which are on the increase. However, many feel that this type of community is decreasing particularly in Western society as shown by the decrease in family dinners and attendance at local meetings which again means that the term becomes harder to define. ...
However, there are self-interest involved! Because of the associations named above, those taking part in the Stonehenge community will be there for their own self-interest, such as exploring the history of the area. It is difficulties such as this which make community so hard to define. Community has also been defined as a ‘social network’ in which people feel a sense of safety and are happy in the company. For example, in many geography communities such as neighbourhoods people feel safe enough to leave their houses in the care of another. This is also seen in the success of neighbourhood watch program (Bennett, 1990) which are on the increase. However, many feel that this type of community is decreasing particularly in Western society as shown by the decrease in family dinners and attendance at local meetings (Bennett, 1990) which again means that the term becomes harder to define. If neighbours are still geographically related but this sense of security and friendship is not felt is it still a community? Again, this poses a difficulty when trying to define the word. Equal Opportunities As previously mentioned the purpose of this essay is to explore how the concept of community shapes social policy with a focus on equal opportunities. Equal opportunities suffers from definition problems but is generally considered to be ‘equal competition’. In some cases this means being favourable to those who would not otherwise be favoured to give them an equal starting point (Liff & Wajcman, 1996). This can include giving preference to those with lesser qualifications because they may have had less opportunities in the past. Equal ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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