Community Policing And Crime Prevention - Research Paper Example

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With the positive changes in the society the simultaneous development of societal challenges, political issues, economic pitfalls, and even religious dilemmas have likewise been prompted. The paper "Community Policing And Crime Prevention" discusses the reasons for the emergence of crime…
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Community Policing And Crime Prevention
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Download file to see previous pages This then has caused the governments around the world to establish more responsive machinery and policies in articulating and exercising their inherent powers over their people. While the fundamental powers of the state have remained constant over time, the effectivity of the statutes and its implementing by-laws and guidelines may have tarnished through the years. As a result, the intrinsic powers of the government, that is, eminent domain or expropriation, taxation and police power have been requiring attention and possibly, amendment. Consequently, the adoption of modern concepts of democratization, the promotion of free trade in the international arena, the promotion of freedom of religion and the thwarting of regimes attempting to discriminate against such practice and the current high regard given to human rights and individual sovereignty has been incorporated into the current times.  While it is true that the capabilities of people nowadays have greatly surpassed what has been envisioned years hence, the simultaneous development of societal challenges, political issues, economic pitfalls and even religious dilemmas have likewise been prompted. This then has caused the governments around the world to establish more responsive machinery and policies in articulating and exercising their inherent powers over their people. While the fundamental powers of the state have remained constant over time, the effectivity of the statutes and its implementing by-laws and guidelines may have tarnished through the years. (Fleissner and Heinzelmann, 1996). As a result, the intrinsic powers of the government, that is, eminent domain or expropriation, taxation and police power have been requiring attention and possibly, amendment (Fleissner and Heinzelmann, 1996). Consequently, the adoption of modern concepts of democratization, the promotion of free trade in the international arena, the promotion of freedom of religion and the thwarting of regimes attempting to discriminate against such practice and the current high regard given to human rights and individual sovereignty has been incorporated into the current times.
Among such innovative responses to these changes, the re-invention of the exercise of the police power of the state has likewise been undertaken (Das and Lab, 2002). This is endeavored by many governments and nation states as a response to the rapid transformation of the society as a unit and its evolving nature and character (Eck and Spelman, 1987). Also, the development seen in the exercise of the government's police power through the police department has been the most definitive and spot-on response to the growing demands of the people and their circumstances (Fleissner and Heinzelmann, 1996).
From the onset, police power has been mainly referring to the ability of the state to regulate the behavior of their citizenry by enforcing order within their particular jurisdiction (Gardiner, 1982). Under the Constitution of the United States (10th Amendment), police power has been relegated to the individual states and that the Federal Government is precluded from exercising such (Gardiner, 1982).
Under the police power of the states, the respective administral head may create laws and policies, through their individual constitutions, aimed at exacting obedience from the citizens by implementing sanctions, modes and means of punishment or other forms of inducement or coercion (Fleissner and Heinzelmann, 1996). As a result of this police power, states have resorted to the creation of police departments to exercise legitimate force to exact civil obedience and provide security and protection (Gardiner, 1982). In this regard, law enforcement has been the main vehicle of the state to protect and serve the people while requiring compliance from them as well (Kelling, 1981).
Through the years, law enforcement has taken the same path towards advancement where policies and mandates have been reformed to match the needs of the current times (Eck and Spelman, 1987). Different schemes and bureaucratic differentiation have been adapted in different locations so as to make the law enforcement unit better suited ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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