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Bullying in Schools - Essay Example

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This paper "Bullying in Schools" discusses bullying behavior among children that can have long term effects on both the bully and the victim. “It is surprisingly common; there is evidence that over half of children have been victimized and over half have been bullies…
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Bullying in Schools
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Download file to see previous pages At the same time, those children who were the victims of bullying behavior in the school environment have a higher risk for later maladjustment (Schwartz, Dodge & Cole, 1993: 1755). The good news is that because bullying usually happens on a recurrent basis between two people who already know each other, it can also usually be identified and prevented quicker and easier than later deviant behavior, perhaps with the added bonus of decreasing criminal behavior among adults. Before teachers and administrators can reduce bullying in the schools, they must understand the prevalence of the problem, it is the development and how to identify it as well as have knowledge of the approaches that have successfully reduced these behaviors among schoolchildren.

The term ‘bullying’ is typically used to describe a specific behavior pattern that is usually found more among boys than among girls. “Bullying is characterized by bigger and stronger youngsters’ ‘victimizing’ their peers through the repeated use of negative actions, such as physical, verbal or relational aggression” (Pellegrini & Bartini, 2000: 700). The gender difference is typically attributed to a culturally stronger male association with physical aggression as an appropriate means of establishing and maintaining peer status or dominance (Maccoby, 1998). For many of the children involved in bullying behavior, whether they are victims or bullies, the patterns for their later social treatment and behavior in school is found to be established to some degree at home. A study conducted by Schwartz, Dodge, Pettit, and Bates (1997) found that children who grew up to be aggressive victims in primary school had most often experienced punitive, hostile and abusive family relationships during their preschool years. Children engaged in aggressive acts usually witnessed greater incidences of adult aggression at home but had not directly experienced this aggression themselves. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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