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How the UN Works - Case Study Example

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This paper "How the UN Works" discusses the strengths, weaknesses, success, advantages, and the role of the UN after discussing a brief history of the United Nations.  The United Nations was established in the aftermath of the Second World War in 1945 with a view to stabilize International Relations. …
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How the UN Works
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Download file to see previous pages Nevertheless, the UN has an advantage over the League of Nations, as it has the ability to maintain and deploy its member nations’ armed forces as peacekeepers. 

The term ‘United Nations’ was coined by the US President, Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II to refer to the allies1. The UN Conference on International Organizations began in San Francisco in 1945. A number of non-governmental organizations including Lions Clubs International were invited to assist in drafting the charter. Fifty nations signed the charter on 26 June 1945, and on October 24, 1945 (officially observed as United Nations Day), the United Nations came into existence. The charter was ratified by five permanent members, namely, the Republic of China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States and by a majority of the 46 other members. Poland added its name later and was not in the list of initial signatories. Initially, this body was known as the United Nations Organization (UNO) but by the 1950s, it was referred to as the UN.

As of 2006, there are 191 United Nations member states. When states become members of this organization, they agree to accept the UN charter, which lays down the basic principles of international relations. According to the Charter, the UN has a four-fold function – to maintain international peace and security, to foster friendly relations among nations, to cooperate in solving international problems and to be a center for harmonizing actions of nations. The UN helps formulate policies and resolve international conflicts. There is no other global organization, which can deal with matters like peace and security, refugees, health, world trade, intellectual property, education, labor, and human rights.
The current UN Headquarters building was constructed in 1949 and 1950. It is located in New York beside the East River but the building does not belong to the United States. This building was officially opened on January 9, 1959.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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