StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Intelligence and Policy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Politicization of intelligence is the process by which decision makers arm twists the intelligence community for the sole purpose of rationalizing ill-fated policies which are in their interest and not in the national interest. …
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.8% of users find it useful
Intelligence and Policy
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Intelligence and Policy"

Intelligence and policy al Affiliation) Politicization of intelligence is the process by which decision makers arm twists the intelligence community for the sole purpose of rationalizing ill-fated policies which are in their interest and not in the national interest. Politicization is very bad as it negatively affects the credibility of intelligence generated (George et al, 2008 pp 64-70). The paper will discuss the five different forms of politicization that exist within the intelligence sector. Direct manipulation is one of the major forms whereby the policies utilize their powers to pressure the intelligence to generate specific findings. Indirect manipulation occurs when the insecure analysts generate intelligence with the purpose of supporting certain decisions. Embedded assumptions occur when social norms and common strategic assumptions hamper constructive analysis. The intelligence subverts policy is another type where the intelligence analysis dents policy decisions. For instance, the policy makers ignore intelligence due to their fear of subversion (George et al, 2008 pp 74-89). Finally is the intelligence parochialism whereby the analysts intentionally tailor findings for professional or personal gains. This leads to either subversion or intelligence to please which depends on the analysts personal goals.
William Casey and Richard Helms both served as DCI but had different ideologies. Both had different relations between policy and intelligence that they embodied. Therefore, their contrast led to the formulation of the Casey approach and the Helms approach (George et al, 2008 pp 100-102). Richard Helms had a sharp separation of his intelligence officers from policy. He believed his role was only intelligence such that when he briefed in senior policy meetings he left as soon as he was done with his briefing. The Casey approach on the other hand actively sought the status of the cabinet and he further behaved like a cabinet minister. His approach was largely aimed at mixing policy advocacy and intelligence briefing.
Reference
George, R. Z., Bruce, J. B., & Georgetown University. (2008). Analyzing intelligence: Origins, obstacles, and innovations. Washington D.C: Georgetown University. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Intelligence and Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words”, n.d.)
Intelligence and Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/social-science/1702042-intelligence-and-policy
(Intelligence and Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
Intelligence and Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1702042-intelligence-and-policy.
“Intelligence and Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1702042-intelligence-and-policy.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Intelligence and Policy

Artificial Intelligence

... artificial intelligence are formed on the assessment of the regular manifestation of logical theorems, and particularly on the declaration techniques presented by J.A. Robinson during the decades of 1960s and the development of diverse policies practiced to enhance the usefulness of manifestations. In addition, the results of this research are also the techniques of programming language used within the logic and is known as Prolog (Programming in Logic), that is turning out to be one of the main motivating and modern programming models designed to develop various intellectual programs (University of Bologna) and (Russell and Norvig). The next case illustrates an easy situation of automatic proof (this is especially related to those cases...
20 Pages (5000 words) Research Paper

Organizational Intelligence Policy

...?Running Head: ORGANIZATIONAL INTELLIGENCE POLICY Organizational Intelligence Policy of Introduction Most organizations and business managers concur to the assertion that obtaining, processing, storing, and accessing data and knowledge is the key and power to organizational development and success. Particularly, this claim applies most appropriately to the computer and information technology industry, a rather highly competitive and highly expanding, and fast-paced industry that pit corporations, public companies, private companies, and individual business organizations against one another in the increasingly competitive market. To remain competitive and afloat in such a business environment, computer and information technology...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Social intelligence

...? Social intelligence Social intelligence Karl Albrecht Defines Social Intelligence as a dimension of Multiple Intelligence that concerns the ability to get along well with other people, especially in a workplace. It is also a set of practical skills for an individual to interact successfully in any given setting. Social Intelligence strategies that are critical for leaders 1. Situational Awareness Leaders should have the ability to comprehend and emphasize with employees in varying conditions, sense their feelings and likely desires, and “read” circumstances using a sensible knowledge of human nature. They should be aware of the unspoken setting patterns, social regulations, and paradigms that govern different situations. Appreciation...
4 Pages (1000 words) Assignment

The impact of intelligence on foreign policy

..... .. .. 7 May, 2007 Impact of Intelligence on Foreign Policy It is a rationally accepted fact that no inthe world is as complex as foreign affairs and hence to devise a foreign policy. The reason lays with the fact that in foreign policy making decisions, the policy makers have to deal not just with natural facts such as natural disasters and disease but also with social facts such as human beings, who change their minds and behave intuitively and creatively. Natural facts behave according to some well defined natural phenomenon or law and they always obey the same course of action1 while human behaviors and interests are the most unpredictable. Further, social facts are embedded in different cultures. People...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Intelligence

...Intelligence Intelligence can be visualised from umpteen aspects. "From the perspective of the casual observer, intelligence is the capability to act intelligently when dealing with everyday life. If envisaged from an adult's eyes, intelligence is a specific measurement of their ability to learn. While not actually knowing their IQ scores, many adults have vague recollections of being labeled as an 'average,' 'above average,' or 'below-average' student". (2006a) According to Wechsler David, "Intelligence is the aggregate or global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, to think rationally and to deal effectively with his environment". (Wechsler, 1944, p.4) Intelligence is considered to be global as it characterises...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Artifical Intelligence

...Artificial Intelligence A recap from its nascent stages to what future holds for it History of AI One of the hardest topics of debate in Artificial Intelligence is what sort of subject it is. Some researchers reckon that Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a science, whose goal is to work alongside psychology and neurobiology to explain the workings of mind and brain. Others believe AI to be part of engineering, whose raison d''tre is to make tools. [1] Emerging as it does from many fields - philosophy, mathematics, psychology and even neurology - AI raises basic questions about human intelligence, memory, the mind/body problem, the origins of language, symbolic reasoning, information processing, and so forth. AI researchers are - like...
9 Pages (2250 words) Case Study

Intelligence

...Intelligence Task: Definition Intelligence is one’s ability or skills of analyzing, comprehending and explaining a situation. In other words, one’s intelligence can be defined as his/her ability of mastering and expressing social-construction concepts. Cultural frame influences my definition of the term intelligence because cultural concepts inform my assessment criteria. My culture guides me on which ideas or ability to associate with intelligence. This indicates that I value the concepts that my culture values and disregard the ones considered that are less significant to my culture. The concept of intelligence under different cultural perspectives My western culture assumes various concepts about intelligence. My culture mainly...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

INTELLIGENCE

However, the legislations pending offers CIA director with ways of prohibiting its Inspector General from handling the matters when reviewing poses a threat in the security of the nation and that is a risky loophole. Other bills that were recently introduced also have useful provisions. A single bill required that the committees of intelligence be provided prior notice for covert actionsi.
It highlighted that in certain specific cases where time is important and the head of state determines the actions is crucial to the interest of national security of the US, the president may spearhead a covert operation with no notice. But when in those scenarios the president need to notify the panel within 48 hours, and the bill will proh...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Intelligence

...INTELLIGENCE OF THE OF INTELLIGENCE 1Non actors (NSA) are influencethat affect or trigger in international relations. They are organizations with enough power and cannot be ignored any also do not belong to any legal institution of a state (Weiiss 2013). It is not possible to address The NSA as unitarily because some of them affect more than one country or even different regions. They muscle enough power to do this and if not worked together will only propel them to grow fast. They are disastrous to the government and if not handled carefully in a professional manner. Some of the NSA is small and if carefully managed from the top can be easily handled. Others grow due to a particular issue like lack of social amenities in a specific town...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Information and Intelligence Sharing between Intelligence Agencies

...Vital importance of human resources in intelligence: Case of LAMP and risk analysis method This work focuses on the practice of LAMP and the risk analysis method in predictive analysis. In the process of the discussion, however, this section highlights the vital importance of human resources in intelligence work, particularly in predicting the likely course of the movement, action, and attacks of the enemy. Essentially, Intelligence is not only about data but it is also about information. Technology can collect data but it can only elevate data to the level of information in a very limited way. In contrast, only human resources can interpret and process the data for the data to become correct, reliable, timely, and actionable information...
25 Pages (6250 words) Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Intelligence and Policy for FREE!

Contact Us