Free

Answering a question according to given readings:How and why have our ideas of development changed over the past two centuries - Article Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Notwithstanding this prevalence, the practical implications of this worldview have significantly changed since the nineteenth…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.9% of users find it useful
Answering a question according to given readings:How and why have our ideas of development changed over the past two centuries
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Answering a question according to given readings:How and why have our ideas of development changed over the past two centuries"

In the past two centuries, the logic of Enlightenment previously materialized into the colonial rule and remains in contemporary post-Cold War world.Notwithstanding this prevalence, the practical implications of this worldview have significantly changed since the nineteenth century.
With the believing in Enlightenment ideals, people started to dealing with the need of improvement in anything they do and anywhere they go. In detail, ‘spirit of the age’ included “the primacy of reason/rationalism, a belief in empiricism, the concept of universal science and reason, the idea of progress, the championing of new freedoms, the ethic of secularism and the notion of all human beings as essentially the same” (Power 154). Due to this, colonialism as phenomenon was an outcome of Enlightenment logic, because European empires went to other lands to ‘improve’ people living there (Craggs 34). Even though this period ended, we still feel the presence of its ideals.
As for the Cold War discourse that started as an aftermath of the World War II, many assumptions and policies simply reflected colonial past. Precisely, they were “metropolitan concern to maintain and modernize…, and contact with local people, knowledge, and conditions” (Craggs 39). However, the end of colonialism in post-World War II era was a significant driver for change that we see in contemporary times. For instance, new universities based on multi- and inter-disciplinary studies appeared only in the twentieth century. They raised numerous questions, including the definition of the development term itself (Porter 137). As Potter thinks of this new approach, it contributed to the development of development studies as the discipline that investigates “the evolution of human geography” (50). As a field of analysis for development theories, the concept ‘Third World’ entered the stage. In fact, it made evident that people have started to imagine for the new geography in the last six decades. It happened because of conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union. As Dodds explains, the Third World is a battlefield for the developed countries in terms of ideological and economic influence (43). However, the collapse of Soviet Union ended this era.
Since 1990s, postcolonialism as the new philosophy questions all the previous meta-narratives, including the concept of ‘development’ (Potter 52). Even though both Cold War rivals emphasized on the need for the development in the Third World, the poverty of South and wealth of North maintain the division in contemporary world. In other words, “both development theories were losing out in terms of their explanatory power” (Shuurman 55). In this context, the problem with seemingly elegant Smith and Ricardo’s economical logics is evident (Sapsford 147). In the given circumstances, conditions of the lowest income groups in the poorest countries, ambiguous ‘great narratives’, and challenges of globalization in terms of changing the balance of economies are the main up-to-date problems in terms of development.
In sum, Enlightenment ideals were the core of our development thinking for the last two centuries. Only the end of colonialism and Cold War evoked the necessity of new logic to resolve the conflict between poverty and wealth in global world.
Reference:
Desai, Vandana, and Robert Potter. The Companion to Development Studies. Third ed. New York and Oxon: Routledge, 2014. Print Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Answering a question according to given readings:How and why have our Article”, n.d.)
Answering a question according to given readings:How and why have our Article. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/social-science/1697324-answering-a-question-according-to-given-readingshow-and-why-have-our-ideas-of-development-changed-over-the-past-two-centuries
(Answering a Question According to Given readings:How and Why Have Our Article)
Answering a Question According to Given readings:How and Why Have Our Article. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1697324-answering-a-question-according-to-given-readingshow-and-why-have-our-ideas-of-development-changed-over-the-past-two-centuries.
“Answering a Question According to Given readings:How and Why Have Our Article”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1697324-answering-a-question-according-to-given-readingshow-and-why-have-our-ideas-of-development-changed-over-the-past-two-centuries.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Answering a question according to given readings:How and why have our ideas of development changed over the past two centuries

Nursing Practice over the Last Two Centuries

...by dedicating time and advocating for the same. At the international scale, policies, which influence nursing or healthcare provision in developed countries usually, influence the practice in other countries (Klein-Collins, 2011). Moreover, medical professionals usually borrow and compare mode of practice. I believe the international community will embrace the need the practices that I have advocated for in my country. For example, I believe that the international community would embrace some aspects of patient right as well as calling for continuous training for the nurses. In conclusion, nursing has undergone numerous changes in the last two centuries...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

How our Understanding of Genetics Has Changed Over Time

...? How our Understanding of Genetics has Changed Over Time Genetics as a field of biological science has only been expanding rapidly in the past 100 years. While Gregor Mendel was able to explain principles of heredity using peas, this was not further explained until after several decades later when the molecular basis of inherited traits was formally explained by James Watson and Francis Crick. Further applications of genetics gave way to the human genome project, mapping the human genes responsible for traits and diseases. The event with one of the most significance in the field of genetics is the Chernobyl Accident in Belarus in 1986, and the effect of...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Question answering

...Therefore, John will win in his bid to get the contract invalidated by the court and recover the $500, down payment. Question two: a contract with an illegal purpose Smuggling is an illegal activity and it is against the interest of the public, therefore, any suit regarding this case will face many hurdles as the court does not condone participation in illegal activities. Smuggling is under a class of illegal contracts, which are unenforceable as they imposes no obligations and creates no rights on the parties who are involved. In an illegal contract, losses and gains remain where they have fallen because money and assets changing hands are not recoverable. The court’s...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Explore how sexuality has changed over the past 100 years

...Explore how sexuality has changed over the past 100 years. Sexuality has shown more changes in the last 100 years than have occurred throughout most of human history. Levels of sexual exploration have gone up and down throughout history with some cultures and periods of time representing more sensuality than others (Shorter, 2005). However, more information has been learned in the last one hundred years about how sex works than ever before in human history. The one constant that has been understood throughout history has been that sex and death are the two driving forces in life, but the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Leadership for change in a turbulent market place

...to address the issues which naturally develop within the team. However, I think that the over-riding factor which the leader has to bear in mind is that you cannot shy away from difficult decisions. I was always taught that an effective leader makes commercial decisions as coldly and dispassionately as possible, and takes account of the human consequences as warmly as possible given the circumstances. I think that fundamentally if at all possible you build the team but you don't shy away from changing it 9. Interviewer: How do you feel about the view that leadership may be exhibited by anyone in the organisation in any type of position I think a true...
78 Pages(19500 words)Dissertation

How techolgy changed our life

...During the history of mankind there have been artifacts or inventions that have transform the lives of humans. Innovation has helped society evolved and change the lifestyle and trends of a society. The industrial revolution during the 19th century gave men the capability of mass producing new machines. The invention that changed mankind forever due to its social impact and its ability to commute humans to long distances at fast speeds is the car. The modern car was created through a collaboration of over 100,000 patents. Carl Benz in, invented the gasoline engine in 1885, while Gottlied Daimler invented the internal combustion engine the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Paper according to readings [around 10 readings]

...Summarizing Ten Readings What legacy from the Radical Internationalism of 1968? By Max Elbaum Those who want to delve into revolutionary journey can learn a lot from the long march of the Third World Marxists over thirty years ago. Marxists Civil societies consider protest their right to tell the world that they disagree with something. Seattle became the home ground of protests in the US, before that, it was Chicago, the capital of protests against the Vietnam War. It is equally important to understand why Third World Marxism failed to fan the flames of revolutionary change in the years after the 60s. What needs to be understood in clear form is the changes brought by the protests in the 60s, be it against racial discrimination... aspect...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Answering the given questions

...Foreign Exchange theory and Markets al Affiliation Capital controls refers to the set of rules and regulations that govern the rate of capital movement.  Controls are often set in consideration of both outflows and inflows. Within these two distinct categories, it is deemed possible to encompass other additional subcategories that include: credit and investment regulation, foreign exchange regulations, tax and quantitative policies, and trade restrictions (Knight & Satchell, 2007).  Distinctions should hence be made for the reasons why some countries such as Venezuela adopted such capital controls as well as their effectiveness. Venezuela mainly adopted capital controls so as to protect its domestic economy from the volatile... a transaction...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Answering the given questions

... application of the historical-critical method was disheartenment the faith of Christian Germany and afar. Over the years, the number of critiques of the gospel have changed little in the way it continues to impact the followers of Christianity. The gospel is still important to the Christians who refer to it in trying times for encouragement and to regain hope. They also use it to learn what is required of them from God which shows that faith in religion is still of great importance to believers of Christ. Reference Kelber, Werner H. The oral and the written Gospel: The hermeneutics of speaking and writing in the synoptic tradition, Mark, Paul, and Q. Indiana University Press, 1997.... Rudolf Karl Bultmann was a New Testament Scholar who...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Answering Question

...with no immediate motivation declines their morale. Personal growth yields innovation since it allows the individual to develop their talent. References Bulmenfed, W. (2012). The Huffing Post. Retrieved March 20, 2015, from Inescapable network of mutuality: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/warren-j-blumenfeld/mlk-gay-rights_b_1202671.html Fischer, C. (2013). Robert Bellah. Retrieved March 20, 2015, from The Berkeley Blog: http://blogs.berkeley.edu/2013/08/13/robert-bellah/ Hill, N. (2008). The Magic Ladder. New York: Library of Congress Cataloguing. press, i. (2013, May). Lincoln’s Ladder to Success Presented at Historical Society Meeting. Retrieved March 20, 2015, from Woodford Chronicle:...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Article on topic Answering a question according to given readings:How and why have our ideas of development changed over the past two centuries for FREE!

Contact Us