StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Emergency, Exception and New Technologies in International Relations - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In his 2012 article titled “Cyber Conflict and International Humanitarian Law”, Herbert Lin highlights the vulnerability to cyber conflict which the globe is continually immersing itself into. This emergence is caused by the fact that Information Technology, IT, has become…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.2% of users find it useful
Emergency, Exception and New Technologies in International Relations
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Emergency, Exception and New Technologies in International Relations"

Download file to see previous pages In it, malicious actions such as usurping, destroying, altering, disabling, or damaging them occur. These are collectively known as “cyber attacks.” Lin asserts that cyber conflict has attained a level where it is a humanitarian issue but it is still not fully addressed by existing interventions such as the Geneva Conventions and the UN Charter. This is because these interventions (instruments) are outdated in that cyberspace is a new technology as compared to their establishment time. As such, cyber conflicts are bound to affect organizations, people, groups, and territories in the near future. Again, he asserts that the world is yet to experience a serious form of cyber conflict because no stringent countermeasures exist in preventing such (Lin, 2012).
The increasing importance of IT, though very beneficial when applied, has dragged along a detrimental side to it. The fact that IT is universal (global) means that what is taught in one continent is the same thing that will be taught in another. As such, creating or attacking IT systems is possible from any point of the earth; adding up to cyber conflict. Cyber conflict can be caused by two levels of hostilities: technology-based and people-based approaches. Technology-based hostility refers to cyber attack conducted using purely technological tools such as software, programs, or computer hardware. This includes gaining access to restricted systems, interfering with them using a payload, and gaining in one way from doing so. People-based cyber hostility occurs when people are tricked (through scam), bribed, or blackmailed to conduct the attack from inside the target IT systems.
Collectively, these forms of cyber attack/ hostility have led to the emergence of new countermeasures or frameworks. These are intended to protect IT systems from both vulnerabilities emerging from both offensive approaches. Lin presents two policies that can be implemented in preventing or minimizing vulnerability; defense ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Emergency, Exception and New Technologies in International Relations Essay”, n.d.)
Emergency, Exception and New Technologies in International Relations Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/social-science/1688988-emergency-exception-and-new-technologies-in-international-relations
(Emergency, Exception and New Technologies in International Relations Essay)
Emergency, Exception and New Technologies in International Relations Essay. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1688988-emergency-exception-and-new-technologies-in-international-relations.
“Emergency, Exception and New Technologies in International Relations Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1688988-emergency-exception-and-new-technologies-in-international-relations.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Emergency, Exception and New Technologies in International Relations

Inventions of New Technologies

...Three Course-changing Events in the History of Western Technology The present superiority of the western world crucially pivots on the excellence of the technological development which mainly starts in the first half of the 18th century. Inventions of new technologies and gradual shift from manual labor to machine for nationwide internal production gradually begin to make the warring nations of the European continent outbound in search of newer supplies of raw materials to feed their gigantic machine-based industries and at the same time newer markets in order to sell the surplus commodities and goods after meeting their national demands. Consequently, Europe-controlled trade and commerce began to expand rapidly all over the world...
4 Pages (1000 words) Term Paper

New Technologies, New Dependencies

... New Technologies, New Dependencies Computers have changed the world altogether. There have been massive changesin the world that were brought about by the invention of the computer. There have been concerns and disagreements in contemporary societies regarding the use of technology which mainly focuses on computers. People hold various opinions about the benefits of computers along with the harmful effects that come with it. Research has shown that the use of computers in the twenty-first century has had a great impact on socio-economic development; therefore, many people have this device in their offices, homes and schools. According to Griffiths, computers have enhanced communication on a global spectrum; this has happened not only...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Emergency Technologies

...?Emergency Technologies Task: Technology has been a fundamental revolution in the global transformation of changes. This is in terms technologies such as phones and computers used to avert crimes and bring order in the society. Therefore, this essay is going to tackle various advantages of computer and computer technology especially in investigations (Easttom & Taylor, 2010). Additionally, the discussion delves on the disadvantages of the same technologies in abetting crimes such as hacking and phising. There are various advantages of computers and the use of computer technology in investigations. For instance, in the determination of crimes, it is essential to conduct forensic investigations. This is to identify their authenticity...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

New Technologies and business

... in order to encourage foreign investments to take place in the domestic markets. This has exposed the domestic markets to foreign competition in terms of technological advancements, quality and pricing. The multinational companies have set up their establishments in the emerging markets. Thus the legal construction of the boundaries of the sovereign states was crossed and this led to the transfer of new technologies required to tap the opportunities of the emerging markets in the age of globalization. The new technologies brought about by the multinational companies in several states across the world have created a business identity for themselves in the worldwide markets. The multinational companies like the International Business Machine...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

New IT Technologies Paper

...? New IT Technologies Paper New IT Technologies Paper Introduction The rapid development of technology worldwide has supported the improvement of communication and the rapid expansion of business activities in all industries. Three new types of IT technology are presented in this paper, focusing on their strengths and weaknesses. One of these technologies, the Augmented Reality Technology is reviewed as of its practical value. The potential use of the above technology in a popular retailer, Macy’s, could help to understand better one of this technology’s aspects: its role in the enhancement of business performance. 1. New IT technologies - strengths and weaknesses 1a. Fiber Internet connection A Fiber Internet connection is based...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Russias new leader (International Relations)

...INTRODUCTION Russia has been going through a phase of uncertainty and also change in the recent months. It is trying to assert itself on the international stage after being relegated to the sidelines for the last decade or so. In the wake of the fall of communism and the breakup of the erstwhile USSR, Russia made the transition to a market economy in a very painful and sudden manner. After about a decade in the wilderness where it found itself growing neither economically nor playing a great power role that it was used to earlier, Russia began to realize that unless it forced the pace, things would not go its way. Under Putin, Russia began consolidating itself after the traumatic experiences of moving to a market economy and losing...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Family Relations and Technologies

... new surrounding, but gradually I start to get the taste of it. We are still in touch with each through phone calls and social media. Social media being so popular these days that it has almost created a virtual world for us where most of us like to live their lives. It does not make you feel that you are away from your near and dear ones. (Sherry Turkle, Alone Together) So it really helps me to be in touch my cousin and share my experience out here. Gradually my work pressure starts increasing and I get to spend lesser time online. As a result I don’t get enough time to sit and chat with my cousin online. He does expect it from me but does not complain. It has been around 3 months now that I have been situated here. Gradually our bonding...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

New extraction technologies RAKAN

... New extraction technologies Introduction New energy extraction technologies are the processes that involve safe, efficient, environmental friendly and cost effective extraction of energy, its conversion to usable state, transportation, storage and subsequent use. The technology aims to be highly efficient and while reducing the effects on nature, humans and environment (Yi 57). . Energy status in the United States Energy in the United States is managed by the Department of energy in a program called State Energy program. The state energy program is in charge of funding and provision of the required technical assistance to the implementing offices of the state in order to enable the advancement of a clean energy economy as a national...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay

Impact of New Technologies

... Impact of New Technologies I can justify the artworks of the artists above is fine art at par with conventional methods ofart making by arguing that it is simply an extension of conventional art books. The above artists employ digital methods of creating art, thereby producing digital works of art. Digital art is an extension of conventional art, which means that they are both to some extent at par with each other. The slight difference relevant to this argument is that the above artists do not need to learn the skills of painting to turn into excellent sculptors. Another justification is the fact that tradition always evolves and adopts new trends. This fact is applicable to art as well and not only in the disciplines. Just like...
2 Pages (500 words) Assignment

New Generation with Technologies

Effect of Technology on the Behavior of Teenagers and Children General Aim: To inform my audience of the negative effectof technology on teenage and child behavior.
Specific Aim: to bring the attention of my audience to the manner in which technology is slowly destroying good behavior in children of the current generation.
Central Idea: To draw my audience’s attention from the worldwide championed technological developments, and bring it to the damage technology is causing in the children and teenagers of this age.
I. In this age, the media puts a lot of focus on how advancements in technology make work easier, and every day experiences better.
A. DeLoatch says that children are constantly yearning to try out the newly...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Emergency, Exception and New Technologies in International Relations for FREE!

Contact Us