Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

American Foreign Policy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
foreign policy is run and administered through a bureaucratic process in the federal government. Decision making in foreign policy, hence, involves actors from the state bureaucracy. The main actors are in the departments of finance, defense, the state and foreign…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.9% of users find it useful
American Foreign Policy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "American Foreign Policy"

AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY”         al Affiliation   What is the foreign policy bureaucracy, its component and history? How does ithelp and hurt the president’s ability to govern?
The U.S. foreign policy is run and administered through a bureaucratic process in the federal government. Decision making in foreign policy, hence, involves actors from the state bureaucracy. The main actors are in the departments of finance, defense, the state and foreign ministry. In this process, it is common to see them pushing most of the interests their way. The foreign policy bureaucratic process is composed of the diplomatic unit (foreign affairs), security, economic affairs (finance), and the intelligence.
Thesis: Foreign policy bureaucracy is both advantageous and disadvantageous to Presidential powers in governance.
Bureaucracy in foreign policy can prove to be a headache to governance. When there is an issue that needs to be discussed in regards to the foreign policy, each facet of the process serves their own agenda before looking at the overall responsibility of the decision. In this regard, it is evident that each of the working unit feels an essential player in the process and seeks to safeguard the interests of the particular arm of the state. This is both beneficial and detrimental to the presidential power and ability to make decisions. For the latter, the best decision is reached at, and a decision that favors all involved departments and thus the state. As for the former case, the solution that is realized is largely as a result of compromised standards, and conflicts amongst the involved officials. There is diversification of interests amongst the parties, some of whom may have undue influence thus negatively affecting the process and wasting more time in the same.
Foreign policy bureaucracy suppresses rationalism in decision making. This is again influenced by the influence of a particular department in policy formulation. A good example to this is the reason that compelled the U.S. to attack in Iraq in 2003. Just rationalism was definitely not used in the final decision making process, given the issues that erupted thereafter. This is detrimental to the president’s personal choices but acts or the best of the nation.
In foreign policy decision making, the President is the most powerful and central figure. Psychologically, the President is bound by some limitations as time and energy, ideology as well as rationality. With the presence of the foreign policy circle of advisers, the process of decision making is decentralized from the President making life and governance much easier. In this case, the bureaucracy in foreign policy safeguards the president from making decisions constrained by irrationality and psychological inabilities.
Bureaucracy in foreign policy is decentralized to four components in carious state departments. All this components, in seeking to guard state interests bestowed under them by the constitution, aid the president in making the most desirable foreign policy decisions. The advantage, however, comes at a cost; some components have undue influence over others and the decisions made might not be rational. According to Rosati and Scott (61), this is a question of scarcity and too much abundance. This reinforces the thesis that; foreign policy bureaucracy is twofold; it acts to the benefit as well as detriment of presidential governance.
Reference list
Rosati, Jerel and Scott James. 2014. The Politics of United States Foreign Policy. 6th ed.  Independence, KY: Wadsworth Publishing. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“American Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 6”, n.d.)
American Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 6. Retrieved from
(American Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 6)
American Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 6.
“American Foreign Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 6”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF American Foreign Policy

American foreign policy

Moreover, according to Lang (2003), it should be identified who would be allowed to perform the intervention, how humanitarian intervention should be established, and whether there are provisions under which consent to intervene becomes a responsibility. Humanitarian intervention is normally talked about as an exemption to the nonintervention rule. This rule points out that states are prohibited to use their power, and definitely to exercise force, within other states’ jurisdiction. The rule has received strong patronage from the United Nations Charter, which allows states to protect themselves from attacks but prohibits employing the military against the political autonomy or territorial sovereignty of other states (Lang 2003)....
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

American Foreign Policy

... in the world, the country’s preference of multilateralism rather than unilateralism, and Americans believe that confrontation of international terrorism ought to be prioritized. Part 2 Question 2 of 4. Assess what type of structural constraints - if any - the US Congress imposes upon the presidency in general and the Bush administration in particular. Introduction In the area of foreign policy, the constitution of United States enshrines the relevant powers and mandates of the congress. These powers include: declaring war, treaty, conformation of officials, making appropriations, raising and maintaining the country’s armed forces, regulating trade with foreign nations, oversight authority, and controlling immigration and naturalization...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

American foreign policy

... in shaping the final outcome within the policy making process. Keeping in line with what Robert Divine had once remarked, “From the Revolution to the Cold War, Americans have been willing to fight for their interests, their beliefs, and their ambitions” (Divine, 1965, 172), there are clear evidences which suggest that the American foreign policies after the WWII, have roots in its domestic issues, concerns, and interests. Various researches on the subject of US international relations have distinguished 3 specific factors that appear to exert their influences on the foreign policies of the country, especially after the end of the WWII. These factors include, the stakes of different organised factions comprising mainly of the business...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

American Foreign Policy since 1877

...? American Foreign Policy A nation’s interaction with other foreign countries includes specific standards that are set through its government’s Foreign Policy. The diplomatic history of American Foreign Policy has faced with major trends and challenges right from the time of American Revolution to the present-day. The efforts taken by the United States in achieving its national objectives and power is often determined in its foreign policy. There had been considerable changes since 1877 as far as American foreign policies are concerned, as it reoriented its focus regarding its national security, defense and expansion of its economy. In its formative years, American foreign policy dealt with issues like challenging the Great Britain...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

American Foreign Policy

... American Foreign Policy Since the early ages, man has tried great endeavors in an attempt to take control or influence others. In the early days, this desire was fulfilled through battles and conquests. Today, a more subtle way has emerged – which often involves use of dialogue and persuasion. These forms of power are known as hard and soft power respectively. This paper is an analysis of application of the two forms of powers in the light of the U.S. government. Hard power is a concept that illustrates use of coercive and aggressive means to influence interests and behaviors of other countries. This form of power is often employed by a country having more economic and military power over its subject. This form of power is usually...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

American Foreign Policy

... to Legislature and Executive, and this led Edwin Corwin to say that both branches are expected “to struggle for the privilege of directing American Foreign Policy.” “The making of sound U.S. foreign policy depends on a vigorous, deliberative, and often combative process that involves both the executive and the legislative branches” This has naturally resulted in Executive and Legislature sharing the foreign policy decisions. It has also resulted in a kind of competition and jealous guarding of their spaces, which has led to unpleasant bickering many times. Constitution has laid down these principles as effective check against each other’s power, and the hope of a highly gratifying foreign policy that would be helpful not only to America...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

American Foreign Policy

... American Foreign Policy American foreign policy has often been characterized as a fluctuating between an idealist and realist (pragmatist) pole. Discuss the validity of this characterization using the Bush and Obama Administrations as the case studies. Naturally the major objectives of foreign policy are: to ensure self-preservation and to satisfy self-interest of a nation or state. In the process of formulating foreign policy to achieve these two primary objectives, two important factors come into play: the international environment, and the national character. The ways of dealing with the two determinant factors differ between the realist approach and the idealist approach; the two approaches that have been exercised by different...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

American Foreign Policy and Process

... of the minority. National security is of utmost importance to any country. In cases of national security threats, every attempt to restore normalcy is takes charge. Fight on terrorism applies for all irrespective of one’s country of origin. However, the extermination of American citizens by their own government is quite creepy. The action infringes human rights. It violates the fundamental right to life, which the constitution emphasizes. Works Cited McCormick, James M. American foreign policy and process. Boston, MA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2010. Schmidt, Steffen W., Mack C. Shelley and Barbara A. Bardes. American government and politics today: brief edition, 2010-2011. United States: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2011....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

American Foreign Policy

...American Foreign Policy al Affiliation “Is the United s in Hegemonic Decline?” The United s of America is not in hegemonic decline. This is basically because it continues to reign in international relationships. Global hegemony is a situation where one nation or state has a predominant role in organization, regulation and stabilization of the global political economy (Jerel and Scott 2014, 58). U.S.A currently exists as the only super power in the world and still yields the greatest regional and global influence. Reports foretelling that the nation is in hegemonic decline are only raw data yet it is the international relationships that undergird a superpower. A global hegemony cannot be decided based on public opinion. What matters...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Culture and American Foreign Policy

... that manifests in American foreign policy. A good example of this is the Middle East where the U.S is involved in multiple wars. While there are other factors contributing to these conflicts, the primary reason is the liberation of Middle Eastern people from tyrannical governments, in line with the American culture of liberty for all. Another example is in the Far East. As part of American foreign policy, the United States maintains permanent military basis in both Japan and South Korea (Hart, 2013). It does this as a protection to both countries from North Korea and China. What is the common difference between China/North Korea and Korea/Japan? The answer is a culture of liberty. China and North Korea are against a culture of personal...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic American Foreign Policy for FREE!

Contact Us