The social contract is one of the most significant political theories as a result of its standing for the rights and duties of individuals within a state. It is essential to note that this theory was developed during the Enlightenment period when writers such as John Locke and…
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It is through the belief in this contract that many states today have come to be formed, and this mainly through the development of constitutions. The social contract theory recognizes that individuals have their own natural rights some of which they surrender to their governments so that the latter can protect their remaining rights. This paper seeks to show that while the social contract theory has many strengths, it also have various weaknesses, both of which will be addressed.
The social contract theory is one which attempts to bring order to the society through the recognition of the rights and duties of individuals and states towards each other. This recognition allows for the development of a constitution which helps in the formulation of laws the protect the rights of individuals while at the same time making it possible for people within the society to recognize their responsibilities not only to the state, but also towards one another (Rousseau, 1762). It is through this recognition that it becomes possible for the government to enforce its authority over the society within its territory and this helps it to protect the individuals living within it. This theory can be considered to be a guideline for governments on how they can handle their responsibilities towards their people, for example, the provision of security as well as ensuring that their people are able to exercise their freedoms without any prejudice. It also recognizes that there are certain situations where individual rights have to be put aside in favor of the good of society especially in situations where individuals are required to pay taxes in order to help the government to fulfill its obligations. Without the social contract, it would be impossible for there to be order in society because individuals would insist on retaining all of their rights and this would cause the development of conflict between them because each would demand that their
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However, people can also derive ethical standards based on a concept of duty from philosophical principles. John’s social contract theory furnishes a very vital example of formalism that influences thinking about personal ethics. This theory concerns itself with systems of establishing a way that people can use to construct a just society given the many inequalities in wealth, social status, and knowledge.
There were various political philosophers to have propounded the Social Contract Theory, three of which were Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean Jacques Rousseau. According to Hobbes, society was extremely gloomy at the time and an individual lived a life which was ‘solitary, nasty, brutish, poor, short.
This is possibly because the legal framework during the time of Plato was not a complete system (Rousseau 23). It is for this point that modern philosopher Thomas Hobbes found loopholes in Plato’s account of the theory. Thomas gave the theory a different interpretation and explained the concept from the viewpoint of a world without rules and regulations.
can be considered substantial specifically because of how its simplicities influence those practitioners of Marxist ideology and their ability to fully comprehend the social surroundings and thus their inability to enact positive changes. Karl Marx theorized that the evolving
This implies that individuals’ morals and political responsibilities rely on their consensus to develop their societies. This theory is applicable to the contemporary moral and political philosophy. It focuses on individuals’ lives,
Along with him Locke and Rousseau added on to the concept. The Social contract concept is more elaborated with the help of a social contract theory. A social contract theory holds that a person has a moral and political obligation to
This research will begin with the statement that today, modern business is evaluating different processes through which it could enhance their industrial processes. Labour Process Theory is the organizational theory based on work under capitalism. This LPT emerged to analyze the industrial relationship on the workplace and the appointed managers controlling strategies.
Through the social contract, people are able to transfer their mutual rights. According to Hobbes, individuals sacrifice their liberty to the Leviathan because the society in which people are born into has laws and convection that are already in place. Additionally, the society has widespread civilization and organization with individuals upholding societal norms.
3). It creates an environment for proper communication since employees are related in terms of job within departments and this enhances coordination. According to Das (2012), it has a hierarchy structure that creates accountability and privileges where
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